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6. Paris

6. Paris  

Tom Sorell

in Descartes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776632
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854094.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854094
‘Paris’ describes the period 1626–8 when Descartes was resident there. He must have been aware of the controversies concerning atheism and scepticism that were rife in the city, but ... More
5. Humanism and secularism

5. Humanism and secularism  

Stephen Law

in Humanism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777363
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199553648.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199553648
Humanism involves a commitment to secularism, but what is it? Does it mean more than ‘not religious’? To a humanist, a secularist society is one in which there may be religions but the ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Robin Le Poidevin

in Agnosticism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777684
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199575268.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199575268
Agnosticism: A Very Short Introduction considers anti-agnostic attitudes and asks: if we can't establish God's existence, shouldn't there be a presumption of atheism? The ... More
2. The case for atheism

2. The case for atheism  

Julian Baggini

in Atheism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775925
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804242.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804242
‘The case for atheism’ summarises atheism as the position that is best supported by the evidence and the one that offers the best overall explanation for why the world is as it is and ... More
Introduction: what is humanism?

Introduction: what is humanism?  

Stephen Law

in Humanism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777363
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199553648.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199553648
There are various connotations to the word ‘humanism’. In the broadest terms, it means a system of thought in which human values, interests, and dignity are considered especially important. ... More
4. Humanism and morality

4. Humanism and morality  

Stephen Law

in Humanism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777363
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199553648.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199553648
Humanists deal with moral questions about what we ought or ought not to do. Ethics features highly in humanism. When considering morality, religious people ask the following questions: how ... More
5. What is to be Done? How to respond to nihilism

5. What is to be Done? How to respond to nihilism  

Simon Critchley

in Continental Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776373
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853592.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853592
‘What is to be Done? How to respond to nihilism’ asks: how is freedom to take effect in the world of nature, if the latter is governed by causality and mechanistically determined by the ... More
1. What is atheism?

1. What is atheism?  

Julian Baggini

in Atheism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775925
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804242.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804242
Atheism is defined as the belief that there is no God or gods. ‘What is atheism?’ aims to provide a positive view of atheism, one which does not make the mistake of thinking that atheism ... More
6. Against religion?

6. Against religion?  

Julian Baggini

in Atheism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775925
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804242.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804242
Atheist opposition to religion is essentially an opposition to its truth. So it is necessary for any defence of atheism to address the challenge posed by religious belief. ‘Against ... More
11. The Meditations

11. The Meditations  

Tom Sorell

in Descartes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776632
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854094.003.0011
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854094
The Meditations had an unusual literary form, suited both to its official billing as demonstrating Christian truths, and to Descartes' agenda of destroying the principles underlying ... More
2. Roots

2. Roots  

James Como

in C. S. Lewis: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2019
Published Online: 
Jan 2019
eISBN: 
9780191866890
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198828242.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198828242
‘Roots’ recounts Clive Staples Lewis’s early life in a close-knit Christian family—his parents, Albert and Flora, and his brother, Warren—in County Down, Northern Ireland. His atheism was ... More
Humanism: A Very Short Introduction

Humanism: A Very Short Introduction  

Stephen Law

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777363
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199553648.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199553648
Humanism: A Very Short Introduction explores how humanism uses science and reason to make sense of the world, looking at how it encourages individual moral responsibility and ... More
2. Arguments for the existence of God

2. Arguments for the existence of God  

Stephen Law

in Humanism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777363
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199553648.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199553648
Humanists think that belief in a God is not especially reasonable or justified. ‘Arguments for the existence of God’ presents two popular arguments to explain why there is a God and ... More
Agnosticism: A Very Short Introduction

Agnosticism: A Very Short Introduction  

Robin Le Poidevin

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777684
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199575268.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199575268
Agnosticism: A Very Short Introduction asks if there is more to agnosticism than merely the absence of belief. What is agnosticism? Who were the first to call themselves ... More
3. Is agnosticism necessary?

3. Is agnosticism necessary?  

Robin Le Poidevin

in Agnosticism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777684
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199575268.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199575268
‘Is agnosticism necessary?’ examines the responses of agnosticism to atheism. Atheism does not require a defence, rather it is up to theists to convince us that there is a God. If there is ... More
2. Origins of Continental Philosophy: How to get from Kant to German Idealism

2. Origins of Continental Philosophy: How to get from Kant to German Idealism  

Simon Critchley

in Continental Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776373
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853592.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853592
‘Origins of Continental Philosophy: How to get from Kant to German Idealism’ considers the historical development of Continental philosophy, beginning by distinguishing it from analytic ... More
5. Atheism in history

5. Atheism in history  

Julian Baggini

in Atheism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775925
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804242.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804242
‘Atheism in history’ is concerned with two specific questions that need to be answered as part of the wider argument for atheism. The first is when and why atheism emerged in Western ... More
Atheism: A Very Short Introduction

Atheism: A Very Short Introduction  

Julian Baggini

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775925
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804242.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192804242
Atheism is often considered to be a negative, dark, and pessimistic belief that is characterized by a rejection of values and purpose and a fierce opposition to religion. Atheism: A Very ... More

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