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6. Learning from others

6. Learning from others  

Mark Haselgrove

in Learning: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785412
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688364.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688364
Many species, including humans, are quite sociable and live in groups so it is important to incorporate into our understanding of learning how social learning takes place and what sorts of ... More
2. What is learned during learning?

2. What is learned during learning?  

Mark Haselgrove

in Learning: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785412
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688364.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688364
Throughout the study of learning, psychologists have concerned themselves with two key questions. ‘What is learned during learning?’ considers the first. It introduces the content of ... More
3. The surprising thing about learning

3. The surprising thing about learning  

Mark Haselgrove

in Learning: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785412
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688364.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688364
‘The surprising thing about learning’ considers the second key question about learning: what is the nature of the mechanism that allows learning to take place? It first looks at the ... More
7. Surely there is more to learning than that?

7. Surely there is more to learning than that?  

Mark Haselgrove

in Learning: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785412
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688364.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688364
Is there more to learning than simple association? Some psychologists believe there are two systems, referred to by Daniel Kahneman as ‘thinking fast’ and ‘thinking slow’. ‘Surely there is ... More
5. Learning and remembering, reading and number

5. Learning and remembering, reading and number  

Usha Goswami

in Child Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Published Online: 
Nov 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780967
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199646593.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199646593
‘Learning and remembering, reading and number’ considers children’s developing knowledge of their own cognition (meta-cognition) as they start education. How is memory developed? Children ... More
3. What stays in the mind? Learning and memory

3. What stays in the mind? Learning and memory  

Gillian Butler and McManus Freda

in Psychology: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2014
Published Online: 
Jan 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779831
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199670420.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199670420
What is memory? Psychologists' discoveries about learning and memory demonstrate that what is stored in the mind cannot be adequately understood using the analogy of a repository. ‘What ... More
9. Dreaming, learning, and memory

9. Dreaming, learning, and memory  

J. Allan Hobson

in Dreaming: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775499
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802156.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802156
‘Dreaming, learning, and memory’ considers the work of Robert Stickgold and the popular theory that brain activation in sleep is necessary for us to reorder the information inside our ... More
7. Checking

7. Checking  

Richard Passingham

in Cognitive Neuroscience: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191828607
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198786221.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198786221
Having made a decision, we need to check that we carry it out as intended. In other words we need to monitor our own behaviour. ‘Checking’ considers the following questions: How does being ... More
4. Learning and animal culture

4. Learning and animal culture  

Tristram D. Wyatt

in Animal Behaviour: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2017
Published Online: 
Feb 2017
eISBN: 
9780191780691
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198712152.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198712152
Learning is an animal’s capacity to change behaviour, as the result of individual experience, so that it is better adapted to the animal’s physical and social environments. Learning helps ... More
2. Learning about the outside world

2. Learning about the outside world  

Usha Goswami

in Child Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Published Online: 
Nov 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780967
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199646593.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199646593
‘Learning about the outside world’ looks at the nature versus nurture debate and asks: how do infants and toddlers learn about their world? Babies learn a vast amount from observation. ... More
8. Sleep and society

8. Sleep and society  

Steven W. Lockley and Russell G. Foster

in Sleep: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777912
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199587858.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199587858
Society affects sleep and sleep affects society, influencing childhood learning and development, workplace safety and efficiency, and the economy. Society's attitude to sleep affects how ... More
1. The autism spectrum

1. The autism spectrum  

Uta Frith

in Autism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776922
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199207565.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199207565
‘The autism spectrum’ examines three individuals from different parts of the autism spectrum. It explains how all of the ‘autisms’ originate from before birth, and all affect the developing ... More
Child Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Child Psychology: A Very Short Introduction  

Usha Goswami

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Published Online: 
Nov 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780967
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199646593.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199646593
Child Psychology: A Very Short Introduction examines modern child psychology, tracing its development from birth up until early adolescence. Child Psychology studies the ... More
Learning: A Very Short Introduction

Learning: A Very Short Introduction  

Mark Haselgrove

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785412
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688364.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199688364
What is learning? How does it take place? What happens when it goes wrong? The topic of learning has been central to the development of the science of psychology since its inception. ... More
5. Phobias

5. Phobias  

Daniel Freeman and Jason Freeman

in Anxiety: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777486
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199567157.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199567157
‘phobias’ opens with a precise definition as defined by the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) to distinguish phobias from fear. ... More
4. The reasons for sleep

4. The reasons for sleep  

Steven W. Lockley and Russell G. Foster

in Sleep: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777912
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199587858.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199587858
We don't know exactly why we sleep. Sleep researchers differ on their conclusions about periods of inactivity in animals and what they represent, whether they equal sleep. ‘The reasons for ... More
Thinking and Reasoning: A Very Short Introduction

Thinking and Reasoning: A Very Short Introduction  

Jonathan St B. T. Evans

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191829321
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198787259.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198787259
Thinking and Reasoning: A Very Short Introduction explores cognitive psychological approaches to understanding the nature of thinking and reasoning, problem solving, and ... More
2. Why is big data special?

2. Why is big data special?  

Dawn E. Holmes

in Big Data: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2017
Published Online: 
Nov 2017
eISBN: 
9780191824616
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198779575.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198779575
The rapid growth in computing power and storage has led to progressively more data being collected. Big datasets are certainly large and complex, but in order to fully define ‘big data’ we ... More
5. Big data and medicine

5. Big data and medicine  

Dawn E. Holmes

in Big Data: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2017
Published Online: 
Nov 2017
eISBN: 
9780191824616
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198779575.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198779575
Big data analysis is changing the world of healthcare. Its potential has yet to be fully realized, but includes medical diagnosis, epidemic prediction, gauging public response to government ... More
6. Big data, big business

6. Big data, big business  

Dawn E. Holmes

in Big Data: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2017
Published Online: 
Nov 2017
eISBN: 
9780191824616
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198779575.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198779575
Since the use of computers became feasible in commercial enterprise, there has been interest in using computers to improve efficiency, cut costs, and generate profits. When IBM launched the ... More

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