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6. Learning from others

6. Learning from others  

Mark Haselgrove

in Learning: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785412
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688364.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688364
Many species, including humans, are quite sociable and live in groups so it is important to incorporate into our understanding of learning how social learning takes place and what sorts of ... More
5. Learning and remembering, reading and number

5. Learning and remembering, reading and number  

Usha Goswami

in Child Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Published Online: 
Nov 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780967
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199646593.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199646593
‘Learning and remembering, reading and number’ considers children’s developing knowledge of their own cognition (meta-cognition) as they start education. How is memory developed? Children ... More
3. The surprising thing about learning

3. The surprising thing about learning  

Mark Haselgrove

in Learning: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785412
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688364.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688364
‘The surprising thing about learning’ considers the second key question about learning: what is the nature of the mechanism that allows learning to take place? It first looks at the ... More
7. Surely there is more to learning than that?

7. Surely there is more to learning than that?  

Mark Haselgrove

in Learning: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785412
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688364.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688364
Is there more to learning than simple association? Some psychologists believe there are two systems, referred to by Daniel Kahneman as ‘thinking fast’ and ‘thinking slow’. ‘Surely there is ... More
2. What is learned during learning?

2. What is learned during learning?  

Mark Haselgrove

in Learning: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785412
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688364.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688364
Throughout the study of learning, psychologists have concerned themselves with two key questions. ‘What is learned during learning?’ considers the first. It introduces the content of ... More
3. What stays in the mind? Learning and memory

3. What stays in the mind? Learning and memory  

Gillian Butler and McManus Freda

in Psychology: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2014
Published Online: 
Jan 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779831
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199670420.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199670420
What is memory? Psychologists' discoveries about learning and memory demonstrate that what is stored in the mind cannot be adequately understood using the analogy of a repository. ‘What ... More
9. Dreaming, learning, and memory

9. Dreaming, learning, and memory  

J. Allan Hobson

in Dreaming: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775499
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802156.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802156
‘Dreaming, learning, and memory’ considers the work of Robert Stickgold and the popular theory that brain activation in sleep is necessary for us to reorder the information inside our ... More
2. Learning about the outside world

2. Learning about the outside world  

Usha Goswami

in Child Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Published Online: 
Nov 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780967
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199646593.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199646593
‘Learning about the outside world’ looks at the nature versus nurture debate and asks: how do infants and toddlers learn about their world? Babies learn a vast amount from observation. ... More
1. The autism spectrum

1. The autism spectrum  

Uta Frith

in Autism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776922
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199207565.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199207565
‘The autism spectrum’ examines three individuals from different parts of the autism spectrum. It explains how all of the ‘autisms’ originate from before birth, and all affect the developing ... More
8. Sleep and society

8. Sleep and society  

Steven W. Lockley and Russell G. Foster

in Sleep: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777912
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199587858.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199587858
Society affects sleep and sleep affects society, influencing childhood learning and development, workplace safety and efficiency, and the economy. Society's attitude to sleep affects how ... More
Child Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Child Psychology: A Very Short Introduction  

Usha Goswami

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Published Online: 
Nov 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780967
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199646593.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199646593
Child Psychology: A Very Short Introduction examines modern child psychology, tracing its development from birth up until early adolescence. Child Psychology studies the ... More
Learning: A Very Short Introduction

Learning: A Very Short Introduction  

Mark Haselgrove

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785412
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688364.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199688364
What is learning? How does it take place? What happens when it goes wrong? The topic of learning has been central to the development of the science of psychology since its inception. ... More
3. Learning language

3. Learning language  

Usha Goswami

in Child Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Published Online: 
Nov 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780967
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199646593.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199646593
‘Learning language’ considers how babies and toddlers develop language skills by looking at the role of Parentese, otherwise known as infant-directed speech, the importance of sound cues, ... More
6. The learning brain

6. The learning brain  

Usha Goswami

in Child Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Published Online: 
Nov 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780967
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199646593.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199646593
‘The learning brain’ looks at the influence of personal experience on how we apply logical reasoning and how we learn to detach logic from our own experience. Schooling helps children to ... More
5. Phobias

5. Phobias  

Daniel Freeman and Jason Freeman

in Anxiety: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777486
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199567157.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199567157
‘phobias’ opens with a precise definition as defined by the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) to distinguish phobias from fear. ... More
4. The reasons for sleep

4. The reasons for sleep  

Steven W. Lockley and Russell G. Foster

in Sleep: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777912
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199587858.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199587858
We don't know exactly why we sleep. Sleep researchers differ on their conclusions about periods of inactivity in animals and what they represent, whether they equal sleep. ‘The reasons for ... More
4. Learning about space and time

4. Learning about space and time  

Mark Haselgrove

in Learning: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785412
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688364.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688364
‘Learning about space and time’ describes how organisms learn about when things are going to happen (timing) and where things are (spatial learning). Some psychologists have tried to ... More
5. When learning goes wrong

5. When learning goes wrong  

Mark Haselgrove

in Learning: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785412
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688364.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688364
Learning can be very adaptive, but sometimes, for some reason, it goes wrong. First, the properties of learning can go awry, so that inappropriate associations develop. Alternatively, ... More
1. What is learning?

1. What is learning?  

Mark Haselgrove

in Learning: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785412
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688364.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688364
Learning is a phenomenon that can be observed across the animal kingdom. ‘What is learning?’ considers the properties and principles of a number of different types of learning across a ... More
4. Obedience, oppression, and aggression

4. Obedience, oppression, and aggression  

Richard J. Crisp

in Social Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2015
Published Online: 
Aug 2015
eISBN: 
9780191783319
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198715511.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198715511
‘Obedience, oppression, and aggression’ considers when social influence turns bad—how obedience to authority can compel normal people to behave in bad ways. It then looks at social ... More

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