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9. Communism and revolution

9. Communism and revolution  

Peter Singer

in Marx: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780191860652
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198821076.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198821076
How, in Marx’s view, would capitalism be overthrown? And what kind of society did Marx believe would replace capitalism? The simple answers are: capitalism would be overthrown by revolution ... More
1. ‘A and not A’: what is fascism?

1. ‘A and not A’: what is fascism?  

Kevin Passmore

in Fascism: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
May 2014
Published Online: 
May 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779848
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199685363.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199685363
‘“A and not A”: what is fascism?’ examines how fascism has been defined. Whereas Marxists held capitalists responsible for fascism, Weberians blamed the pre-industrial, or feudal, ruling ... More
1. Why Despots Don't Belong in Politics

1. Why Despots Don't Belong in Politics  

Kenneth Minogue

in Politics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776472
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853882.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853882
‘Why Despots Don't Belong in Politics’ considers the conception of politics and where the foundations of those conceptions lie. It shows that politics is so central to our civilization that ... More
9. Stimuli and responses: seeing and feeling ideology

9. Stimuli and responses: seeing and feeling ideology  

Michael Freeden

in Ideology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775673
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802811.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802811
Ideology has been dealt with as it is found in written and spoken languages but in ‘Stimuli and responses: seeing and feeling ideologies’ three further themes are introduced. Firstly, ... More
3. The Third Reich’s world of camps

3. The Third Reich’s world of camps  

Dan Stone

in Concentration Camps: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2019
Published Online: 
Mar 2019
eISBN: 
9780191790102
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198723387.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198723387
‘The Third Reich’s world of camps’ examines the history of the Nazi camp system, comparing labour camps devised to build the ‘racial community’ with concentration camps set up to exclude ... More
EpilogueComing to terms with the past

Epilogue: Coming to terms with the past  

Jane Caplan

in Nazi Germany: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191785528
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198706953.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198706953
The Epilogue considers the core questions raised in earlier chapters: the place of National Socialism in German history and what it meant to be ‘German’ after the defeat of Nazism. Trials ... More
1. Hitler myths

1. Hitler myths  

Jane Caplan

in Nazi Germany: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191785528
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198706953.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198706953
‘Hitler myths’ introduces the history of National Socialism through three myths or images encapsulating different dimensions of the power attached to Hitler and his regime: the claims that ... More
5. VolksgemeinschaftCommunity and exclusion

5. Volksgemeinschaft: Community and exclusion  

Jane Caplan

in Nazi Germany: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191785528
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198706953.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198706953
‘Volksgemeinschaft: Community and exclusion’ considers how the Nazi leadership attempted to create an integral national racial community, or Volksgemeinschaft. The foundation of this ... More
3. From Munich to Berlin (via Weimar)

3. From Munich to Berlin (via Weimar)  

Jane Caplan

in Nazi Germany: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191785528
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198706953.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198706953
The ‘Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei’ (National Socialist German Workers’ Party), was a product of the new political and social universe of post-war Germany. ‘From Munich to ... More
9. From terror to genocide

9. From terror to genocide  

Jane Caplan

in Nazi Germany: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191785528
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198706953.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198706953
War sanctioned and normalized mass terror and murder, blunted ethical reservations, and emphasized the insignificance of individual lives compared with the survival of the ‘Aryan’ race and ... More
4. Germany: the racial state

4. Germany: the racial state  

Kevin Passmore

in Fascism: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
May 2014
Published Online: 
May 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779848
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199685363.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199685363
‘Germany: the racial state’ examines Hitler's rise to power. From 1929 on, Nazi propaganda was targeted at conservative voters, and this paid off with electoral breakthrough in 1930. The ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Mike Rapport

in The Napoleonic Wars: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778025
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199590964.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199590964
The French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars lasted from 1792 until 1815. They are among the longest and most intense conflicts ever seen in Europe. The French Wars were not an ideological ... More
4. Deterrence and coercion

4. Deterrence and coercion  

Antulio J. Echevarria II

in Military Strategy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2017
Published Online: 
Feb 2017
eISBN: 
9780190625184
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199340132.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199340132
Coercion simply means compelling adversaries to do something, while deterrence is dissuading opponents from doing something. Together, these strategies constitute the fundamental dynamic ... More
4. The night Stalin and Churchill divided Europe

4. The night Stalin and Churchill divided Europe  

Joseph M. Siracusa

in Diplomacy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777950
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588503.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199588503
‘The night Stalin and Churchill divided Europe’ discusses the important meeting between Josef Stalin and Winston Churchill in Moscow on 9 October 1944, when they agreed a plan for the ... More
7. Fascism, nation, and race

7. Fascism, nation, and race  

Kevin Passmore

in Fascism: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
May 2014
Published Online: 
May 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779848
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199685363.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199685363
Nationalism and racism pervade all aspects of fascist practice, from welfare provision and family policy to diplomacy. ‘Fascism, nation, and race’ explores the relationship between fascism, ... More
2. Rebellion, revolution, and repression

2. Rebellion, revolution, and repression  

Helen Graham

in The Spanish Civil War: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775864
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803771.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803771
The military coup against the Spanish Republic started in Spanish North Africa (Morocco) on 17 July 1936 and a day later spread to the mainland of Spain in the form of provincial garrison ... More
5. Thinking about politics: the new boys on the block

5. Thinking about politics: the new boys on the block  

Michael Freeden

in Ideology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775673
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802811.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802811
Ideology is a mode of thinking about politics. However it is not the only mode and in ‘Thinking about politics: the new boys on the block’ alternative modes are considered. Also, ... More
2. Intellectual poison?

2. Intellectual poison?  

Klaus Dodds

in Geopolitics: A Very Short Introduction (3rd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191868825
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198830764.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198830764
The notion of geopolitics has not always been well received. It has been accused of being intellectually fraudulent, ideologically suspect, and tainted with associations with Nazism and ... More
4. Satyāgraha

4. Satyāgraha  

Bhikhu Parekh

in Gandhi: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776816
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854575.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854575
‘Satyāgraha’ explains how, for Gandhi, satyāgraha, meaning civil insistence on or tenacity in the pursuit of truth, aimed to penetrate the barriers of prejudice, ill-will, dogmatism, ... More
5. The legacy of Clausewitz

5. The legacy of Clausewitz  

Michael Howard

in Clausewitz: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775642
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802576.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802576
‘The legacy of Clausewitz’ looks at the influence of his theories and their continued relevance today. Popularized — and distorted — through the endorsement of Helmuth von Moltke, his ... More

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