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1. The bourgeois and the official: a historical overview

1. The bourgeois and the official: a historical overview  

Nicholas Boyle

in German Literature: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776892
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199206599.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199206599
‘The bourgeois and the official: a historical overview’ explores how, for nearly three centuries the German literary and philosophical tradition has been compelled by local circumstances to ... More
4. The impact of the Crusades

4. The impact of the Crusades  

Christopher Tyerman

in The Crusades: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776182
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192806550.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192806550
The Crusades outside of Christendom, it is traditionally believed, had a profound influence over systems of political and religious power in the regions they were fought in. However, there ... More
Communism: A Very Short Introduction

Communism: A Very Short Introduction  

Leslie Holmes

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777356
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199551545.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199551545
Communism: A Very Short Introduction highlights the inner dynamics, crises, and demise of communism as a global system, explaining the theory behind its ideology, and examining ... More
2. A Brief History of Communism in Power

2. A Brief History of Communism in Power  

Leslie Holmes

in Communism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777356
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199551545.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199551545
‘A brief history of communism in power’ describes how, by the 1970s, more than a third of the world's population lived in a Communist system. By the end of the 1940s, the number of states ... More
5. The wide world of camps

5. The wide world of camps  

Dan Stone

in Concentration Camps: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2019
Published Online: 
Mar 2019
eISBN: 
9780191790102
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198723387.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198723387
Concentration camps constitute a worldwide phenomenon that has developed over time as different states and regimes have learned from others in other parts of the world. ‘The wide world of ... More
5. Holy war

5. Holy war  

Christopher Tyerman

in The Crusades: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776182
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192806550.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192806550
Crusading represents just one expression of the warrior tradition of Christian holy war, which occupied a central place in the culture of Christianity. ‘Holy war’ looks at the wider picture ... More
6. The business of the cross

6. The business of the cross  

Christopher Tyerman

in The Crusades: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776182
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192806550.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192806550
The power of the cross wasn't enough to start a crusade. The translation of the obligation to fight depended on many other circumstances such as personal, political, social, financial, and ... More
The Crusades: A Very Short Introduction

The Crusades: A Very Short Introduction  

Christopher Tyerman

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776182
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192806550.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192806550
The Crusades: A Very Short Introduction examines this topic by bringing together issues of colonialism, cultural exchange, economic exploitation, and the relationship between ... More

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