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1. ‘A and not A’: what is fascism?

1. ‘A and not A’: what is fascism?  

Kevin Passmore

in Fascism: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
May 2014
Published Online: 
May 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779848
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199685363.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199685363
‘“A and not A”: what is fascism?’ examines how fascism has been defined. Whereas Marxists held capitalists responsible for fascism, Weberians blamed the pre-industrial, or feudal, ruling ... More
The Spanish Civil War: A Very Short Introduction

The Spanish Civil War: A Very Short Introduction  

Helen Graham

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775864
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803771.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192803771
The Spanish Civil War: Very Short Introduction offers an explanation of the war's origins and course, explores its impact on a personal and international scale, and provides an ... More
2. Rebellion, revolution, and repression

2. Rebellion, revolution, and repression  

Helen Graham

in The Spanish Civil War: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775864
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803771.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803771
The military coup against the Spanish Republic started in Spanish North Africa (Morocco) on 17 July 1936 and a day later spread to the mainland of Spain in the form of provincial garrison ... More
4. Germany: the racial state

4. Germany: the racial state  

Kevin Passmore

in Fascism: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
May 2014
Published Online: 
May 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779848
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199685363.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199685363
‘Germany: the racial state’ examines Hitler's rise to power. From 1929 on, Nazi propaganda was targeted at conservative voters, and this paid off with electoral breakthrough in 1930. The ... More
3. Italy: ‘making history with the fist’

3. Italy: ‘making history with the fist’  

Kevin Passmore

in Fascism: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
May 2014
Published Online: 
May 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779848
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199685363.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199685363
‘Italy: “making history with the fist”’ examines the development of fascism in Italy and Mussolini's dictatorship. In 1921, Fascism took off in regions affected by agrarian unrest, where ... More
1. A life and its legacy

1. A life and its legacy  

Peter Singer

in Marx: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780191860652
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198821076.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198821076
Marx’s influence, which has extended beyond communist societies, can be compared to that of major religious figures like Jesus or Muhammad. The lives of hundreds of millions of people were ... More
4. Controlling and preventing organized crime

4. Controlling and preventing organized crime  

Georgios A. Antonopoulos and Georgios Papanicolaou

in Organized Crime: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2018
Published Online: 
Feb 2018
eISBN: 
9780191836879
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198795544.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198795544
‘Controlling and preventing organized crime’ discusses the types of policy and law enforcement approaches intended to address organized crime as an issue. The US became the first country to ... More
1. Hitler myths

1. Hitler myths  

Jane Caplan

in Nazi Germany: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191785528
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198706953.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198706953
‘Hitler myths’ introduces the history of National Socialism through three myths or images encapsulating different dimensions of the power attached to Hitler and his regime: the claims that ... More
2. Alternative projects of nationhood

2. Alternative projects of nationhood  

Anna Cento Bull

in Modern Italy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2016
Published Online: 
Oct 2016
eISBN: 
9780191793332
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198726517.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198726517
After the First World War, the country was torn apart by competing visions of what modern Italy should stand for and which values should bind Italians together. Against a background of high ... More
1. Modernity and resurgence in the making of Italy

1. Modernity and resurgence in the making of Italy  

Anna Cento Bull

in Modern Italy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2016
Published Online: 
Oct 2016
eISBN: 
9780191793332
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198726517.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198726517
‘Modernity and resurgence in the making of Italy’ explains that the history of modern Italy has been characterized by recurrent cultural and political projects of modernity, rejuvenation, ... More
3. Governing Italy

3. Governing Italy  

Anna Cento Bull

in Modern Italy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2016
Published Online: 
Oct 2016
eISBN: 
9780191793332
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198726517.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198726517
One strand of controversy and debate concerning Italy’s path to modernity has focused on its political system and style of government. In liberal Italy, there are two styles of governing: ... More
5. Emigration, immigration, and citizenship

5. Emigration, immigration, and citizenship  

Anna Cento Bull

in Modern Italy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2016
Published Online: 
Oct 2016
eISBN: 
9780191793332
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198726517.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198726517
‘Emigration, immigration, and citizenship’ describes how modern Italy has been characterized by mass emigration. In 1861-1990 over twenty-eight million Italians left their country, mainly ... More
5. The Republic besieged

5. The Republic besieged  

Helen Graham

in The Spanish Civil War: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775864
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803771.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803771
As time passed, the Republic had to deal with an increasingly well-equipped enemy supplied with resources from German and Italian factories. The policy of Non-Intervention did not prevent ... More
2. World War II begins

2. World War II begins  

Gerard L. Weinberg

in World War II: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Published Online: 
Nov 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781292
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688777.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688777
The German attack on Poland began on September 1 1939, and triggered the declaration of war on Germany by Britain, France, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and the Union of South Africa. ... More
8. War

8. War  

Jane Caplan

in Nazi Germany: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191785528
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198706953.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198706953
‘War’ focuses on German political and military strategies after the invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, when Hitler could see the prize of unassailable continental dominance within reach. ... More
3. From Munich to Berlin (via Weimar)

3. From Munich to Berlin (via Weimar)  

Jane Caplan

in Nazi Germany: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191785528
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198706953.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198706953
The ‘Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei’ (National Socialist German Workers’ Party), was a product of the new political and social universe of post-war Germany. ‘From Munich to ... More
Fascism: A Very Short Introduction

Fascism: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)  

Kevin Passmore

Print Publication Year: 
May 2014
Published Online: 
May 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779848
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199685363.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199685363
What is fascism? Is it revolutionary? Or is it reactionary? Can it be both? Fascism: A Very Short Introduction unravels the paradoxes of one of the most important phenomena in the modern ... More
1. The inter-war years

1. The inter-war years  

Gerard L. Weinberg

in World War II: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Published Online: 
Nov 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781292
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688777.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688777
‘The inter-war years’ looks at the period after the First World War when the victorious powers were drafting peace treaties with Germany, Austria, Hungary, Bulgaria, and the successor of ... More
4. Barbarossa: the German invasion of the Soviet Union

4. Barbarossa: the German invasion of the Soviet Union  

Gerard L. Weinberg

in World War II: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Published Online: 
Nov 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781292
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688777.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688777
‘Barbarossa: The German invasion of the Soviet Union’ outlines Germany's attack on the Soviet Union, which began in the early hours of June 22 1941 with an army of over three million men ... More
Nazi Germany: A Very Short Introduction

Nazi Germany: A Very Short Introduction  

Jane Caplan

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191785528
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198706953.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198706953
The Nazi regime dominated European history for twelve years between 1933 and 1945, and left a legacy that still echoes today. Nazi Germany: A Very Short Introduction provides a highly ... More

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