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9. Is nothing something?

9. Is nothing something?  

Stephen Mumford

in Metaphysics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778308
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199657124.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199657124
‘Is nothing something?’ considers nothingness. Philosophers have been deeply divided on the subject of nothings and absences. Some have allowed them some degree of reality of being. Do ... More
4. Is time real?

4. Is time real?  

Jan Westerhoff

in Reality: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778063
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199594412.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199594412
Time is a human invention, something that would not exist if humans did not exist. We think of time in two ways: time as dynamic and changing, or time as having temporal properties. The ... More
8. Some frequently asked questions

8. Some frequently asked questions  

Timothy Gowers

in Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776397
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853615.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853615
Is it true that mathematicians are past it by the time they are 30? Why are there so few women mathematicians? Do mathematics and music go together? Why do so many people positively dislike ... More
1. Life and character

1. Life and character  

A. C. Grayling

in Wittgenstein: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776656
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854117.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854117
Ludwig Wittgenstein was a philosopher but he is famous beyond the boundaries of philosophy. Like philosophy itself, he could be difficult and profound. Many contemporary philosophers think ... More
2. The early philosophy

2. The early philosophy  

A. C. Grayling

in Wittgenstein: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776656
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854117.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854117
Philosophy is a range of fundamental and puzzling questions which arise when, in a general and inclusive way, we try to understand ourselves and our surroundings. These questions concern ... More
4. Wittgenstein and recent philosophy

4. Wittgenstein and recent philosophy  

A. C. Grayling

in Wittgenstein: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776656
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854117.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854117
Was Wittgenstein the most influential presence in twentieth-century philosophy? The majority of recent and contemporary analytic philosophers disagree with him. They are more influenced by ... More
7. Multilingualism

7. Multilingualism  

John Edwards

in Sociolinguistics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365920
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199858613.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199858613
‘Multilingualism’ asks: Why should bilingualism (or multilingualism) be of particular sociolinguistic interest? Speaking a particular language means belonging to a particular speech ... More
1. What is artificial intelligence?

1. What is artificial intelligence?  

Margaret A. Boden

in Artificial Intelligence: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2018
Published Online: 
Aug 2018
eISBN: 
9780191821448
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199602919.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199602919
Artificial intelligence (AI) seeks to make computers do the sorts of things that minds can do, which involves psychological skills such as perception, association, prediction, planning, and ... More
5. Genius and madness

5. Genius and madness  

Andrew Robinson

in Genius: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778056
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199594405.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199594405
The idea of a connection between genius and madness has a long history. ‘Genius and madness’ considers the beliefs from Aristotle through to the modern day. Three studies of different types ... More
3. Historical views of infinity

3. Historical views of infinity  

Ian Stewart

in Infinity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
eISBN: 
9780191816574
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198755234.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198755234
‘Historical views of infinity’ focuses on historical attitudes to infinity in philosophy, religion, and mathematics, including Zeno’s famous paradoxes. Infinity is not a thing, but a ... More
4. Descriptions and existence: did the Greeks worship Zeus?

4. Descriptions and existence: did the Greeks worship Zeus?  

Graham Priest

in Logic: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2017
Published Online: 
Oct 2017
eISBN: 
9780191848513
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198811701.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198811701
There is a certain kind of phrase that can be the subject of a sentence. This is a definite description. Generally, descriptions have the form: the thing satisfying such and such a ... More
5. Self-reference: what is this chapter about?

5. Self-reference: what is this chapter about?  

Graham Priest

in Logic: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2017
Published Online: 
Oct 2017
eISBN: 
9780191848513
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198811701.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198811701
Sometimes things seem deceptively easy when we consider normal cases. With more unusual cases, the simplicity can disappear—as with self-reference. ‘Self-Reference: what is this chapter ... More
Analytic Philosophy: A Very Short introduction

Analytic Philosophy: A Very Short introduction  

Michael Beaney

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2017
Published Online: 
Nov 2017
eISBN: 
9780191823442
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198778028.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198778028
Analytic Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction introduces some of the key ideas of the founders of analytic philosophy—Gottlob Frege, Bertrand Russell, G. E. Moore, Ludwig ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Michael Beaney

in Analytic Philosophy: A Very Short introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2017
Published Online: 
Nov 2017
eISBN: 
9780191823442
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198778028.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198778028
One claim often made about analytic philosophy is that it places great emphasis on clarity of thinking, precision of expression, and rigour of argumentation. But other intellectual virtues ... More
Wittgenstein: A Very Short Introduction

Wittgenstein: A Very Short Introduction  

A. C. Grayling

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776656
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854117.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192854117
Wittgenstein: A Very Short Introduction explains the nature and impact of Wittgenstein's views in terms of twentieth-century analytical philosophy and describes both his early ... More
2. Identity in logic and the classical law of thought

2. Identity in logic and the classical law of thought  

Florian Coulmas

in Identity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2019
Published Online: 
Feb 2019
eISBN: 
9780191867033
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198828549.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198828549
‘Identity in logic and the classical law of thought’ explains that Leibniz’s law of the identity of indiscernibles conforms to the laws of logic. It defines identity as strict ... More
Identity: A Very Short Introduction

Identity: A Very Short Introduction  

Florian Coulmas

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2019
Published Online: 
Feb 2019
eISBN: 
9780191867033
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198828549.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198828549
The term identity is used ubiquitously, but rarely explained. What exactly is identity? Identity: A Very Short Introduction provides a survey of the many faces of the concept of identity, ... More
Conclusion: The Identity of Identity

Conclusion: The Identity of Identity  

Florian Coulmas

in Identity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2019
Published Online: 
Feb 2019
eISBN: 
9780191867033
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198828549.003.0011
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198828549
The word ‘identity’ suggests immutability, self-sameness, and permanency, while in fact it does what other words also do: it changes its meaning, now so rapidly that it is hard to keep ... More
2. How can we speak of what does not exist?

2. How can we speak of what does not exist?  

Michael Beaney

in Analytic Philosophy: A Very Short introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2017
Published Online: 
Nov 2017
eISBN: 
9780191823442
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198778028.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198778028
Statements that purportedly refer to something that does not exist, whether fictional or not, have been especially problematic in the history of philosophy. ‘How can we speak of what does ... More
4. Are there limits to what we can say or think?

4. Are there limits to what we can say or think?  

Michael Beaney

in Analytic Philosophy: A Very Short introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2017
Published Online: 
Nov 2017
eISBN: 
9780191823442
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198778028.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198778028
‘Are there limits to what we can say and think?’ considers the possible limits of our language and whether we can have thoughts that outstrip our ability to say what they are. It introduces ... More

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