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1. The ‘Middle’ Ages?

1. The ‘Middle’ Ages?  

Miri Rubin

in The Middle Ages: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2014
Published Online: 
Oct 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781285
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199697298.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199697298
The term ‘Media aetas’ or ‘Middle age’ was first used by the poet Petrarch (1304–74), and later by intellectuals who wished to emphasize their own achievements agains a background of that ... More
2. Pandemics and epidemics

2. Pandemics and epidemics  

Paul Slack

in Plague: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777998
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199589548.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199589548
‘Pandemics and epidemics’ looks at the way plague is described in the historical record and considers its possible causes. The model of the first three pandemics is one created by western ... More
6. The ‘Middle Ages’ of ‘others’

6. The ‘Middle Ages’ of ‘others’  

Miri Rubin

in The Middle Ages: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2014
Published Online: 
Oct 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781285
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199697298.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199697298
‘The “Middle Ages” of “others”’ considers the people outside the Christian faith—Muslims, pagans, and Jews—to be found at the borders of Europe as well as within its midst. Christian ... More
5. Exchange, environments, and resources

5. Exchange, environments, and resources  

Miri Rubin

in The Middle Ages: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2014
Published Online: 
Oct 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781285
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199697298.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199697298
‘Exchange, environments, and resources’ considers natural resources and their uses within an economic system of production and exchange. Food and raw materials from arable and pasture ... More
3. Big impacts: the Black Death

3. Big impacts: the Black Death  

Paul Slack

in Plague: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777998
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199589548.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199589548
‘Big impacts: the Black Death’ explains how the contention that major epidemic disasters changed the course of historical events — the ‘Great Disaster’ interpretations of history — leaves ... More
1. Plague: what's in a name?

1. Plague: what's in a name?  

Paul Slack

in Plague: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777998
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199589548.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199589548
‘Plague: what's in a name?’ looks at the various meanings of the term ‘plague’, the epidemiology of the disease, and its existence as a social phenomenon. Plague is distinguished from other ... More
IntroductionEndings and Beginnings

Introduction: Endings and Beginnings  

Elaine Treharne

in Medieval Literature: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2015
Published Online: 
Sep 2015
eISBN: 
9780191782367
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199668496.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199668496
The ‘Introduction’ explains that medieval literature in Britain and Ireland spans over a thousand years from the Fall of Rome in c.410 ce to the shifting tides of the Renaissance in the ... More
Medieval Literature: A Very Short Introduction

Medieval Literature: A Very Short Introduction  

Elaine Treharne

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2015
Published Online: 
Sep 2015
eISBN: 
9780191782367
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199668496.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199668496
Medieval Literature: A Very Short Introduction provides a compelling account of the emergence of the earliest literature in Britain and Ireland, including English, Welsh, ... More
1. Plague

1. Plague  

Christian W. McMillen

in Pandemics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2016
Published Online: 
Dec 2016
eISBN: 
9780190625214
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199340071.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199340071
The plague is a disease caused by a bacillus, Yersinia pestis, transmitted by the bite of an infected flea. ‘Plague’ identifies three main periods of the pandemic. It first appeared in the ... More
6. Influenza

6. Influenza  

Christian W. McMillen

in Pandemics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2016
Published Online: 
Dec 2016
eISBN: 
9780190625214
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199340071.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199340071
The influenza that swept across the globe in three waves in 1918–1919 was the worst pandemic in history since the Black Death. Pandemic influenza had erupted before—most recently and ... More
2. Medicine in the library

2. Medicine in the library  

William Bynum

in The History of Medicine: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776984
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199215430.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199215430
‘Medicine in the library’ describes the continued influence of ancient manuscripts throughout Europe and the Middle East, and how individuals with access to such texts dominated healthcare ... More
11. The edge of the world: Greenland and North America

11. The edge of the world: Greenland and North America  

Julian D. Richards

in The Vikings: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2018
eISBN: 
9780191776151
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192806079.003.0011
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192806079
Out of all the Viking colonies, Greenland was the most isolated with the most extreme environment. The archaeological evidence for the Viking discovery of America 500 years before Columbus ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Christian W. McMillen

in Pandemics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2016
Published Online: 
Dec 2016
eISBN: 
9780190625214
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199340071.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199340071
What are pandemics? The National Institutes of Health proposed pandemics must meet eight criteria: wide geographic extension, disease movement, high attack rates and explosiveness, minimal ... More
Plague: A Very Short Introduction

Plague: A Very Short Introduction  

Paul Slack

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777998
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199589548.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199589548
Plague: A Very Short Introduction explores the historical impact of plague over the centuries, focusing on how people coped with the disease and how governments fought it. It ... More
The Middle Ages: A Very Short Introduction

The Middle Ages: A Very Short Introduction  

Miri Rubin

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2014
Published Online: 
Oct 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781285
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199697298.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199697298
The Middle Ages: A Very Short Introduction explores the variety, change, dynamism, and sheer complexity of the period of European history between 500 and 1500 and the impact ... More

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