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1. Good places and bad places

1. Good places and bad places  

Lyman Tower Sargent

in Utopianism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777615
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199573400.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199573400
The notion of utopia was around before Thomas More first used the word. There are two versions of utopia: the first focuses on bodily pleasure in terms of food, drink, and sex; and the ... More
2. Types and traditions

2. Types and traditions  

Philip Sheldrake

in Spirituality: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777981
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588756.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199588756
Spiritualties take a variety of different shapes. ‘Types and traditions’ shows a way of categorizing different forms of spirituality that can be applied across boundaries, and illustrates ... More
3. Across the world

3. Across the world  

William K. Kay

in Pentecostalism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777677
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199575152.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199575152
‘Across the world’ shows how Pentecostalism expanded globally through missionary agencies and by the planting of self-sustaining congregations adapted to local culture. It was less welcome ... More
1. Creating a peninsular kingdom

1. Creating a peninsular kingdom  

Michael J. Seth

in Korea: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2020
Published Online: 
Jan 2020
eISBN: 
9780191868832
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198830771.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198830771
‘Creating a peninsular kingdom’ describes the early Korean societies and tribal peoples that gradually coalesced into states. Much of Korea’s pre-modern history was shaped by its ... More
2. A Confucian society

2. A Confucian society  

Michael J. Seth

in Korea: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2020
Published Online: 
Jan 2020
eISBN: 
9780191868832
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198830771.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198830771
For five centuries from 1392 to the arrival of modern imperialism in the late 1800s Korea underwent a continual process of cultural change and integration under the Chosǒn state and its Yi ... More
2. Kingdoms

2. Kingdoms  

James R. Rush

in Southeast Asia: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2018
Published Online: 
Jun 2018
eISBN: 
9780190248796
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190248765.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190248765
By the second or third millennium bce, the people of Southeast Asia were cultivating rice, domesticating pigs, chickens, and cattle, and forming the region’s earliest settled communities in ... More
7. Conclusion: leading a spiritual life

7. Conclusion: leading a spiritual life  

Philip Sheldrake

in Spirituality: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777981
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588756.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199588756
Spirituality is widespread and increasingly influential. There is a growing use of the term ‘spiritual capital’ with reference to the potential value of spirituality in everyday lives. What ... More
6. Enlightenment in this very body

6. Enlightenment in this very body  

Matthew T. Kapstein

in Tibetan Buddhism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2013
Published Online: 
Oct 2013
eISBN: 
9780199375226
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199735129.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199735129
What is ‘Tantric Buddhism’? ‘Enlightenment in this very body’ describes the widespread characteristics of Buddhist tantra: mantra, maṇḍala, abhiṣeka, visualization, ritual, sensual ... More
6. Ritual as performance

6. Ritual as performance  

Barry Stephenson

in Ritual: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2015
Published Online: 
Feb 2015
eISBN: 
9780199394432
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199943524.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199943524
Cross-culturally, ritual typically includes elements commonly associated with performance events: music or rhythmic accompaniment; dance or other stylized bodily movements; and masking, ... More
2. Sources of Tibetan religious traditions

2. Sources of Tibetan religious traditions  

Matthew T. Kapstein

in Tibetan Buddhism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2013
Published Online: 
Oct 2013
eISBN: 
9780199375226
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199735129.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199735129
‘Sources of Tibetan religious traditions’ describes the introduction of Buddhism to Tibet in the fourth century ce. The Tsenpo, or emperor, Tri Songdetsen founded Tibet's first Buddhist ... More
7. When this life ends

7. When this life ends  

Matthew T. Kapstein

in Tibetan Buddhism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2013
Published Online: 
Oct 2013
eISBN: 
9780199375226
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199735129.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199735129
‘When this life ends’ considers the mortuary rituals of Tibetan Buddhism and the means to assure a fortunate rebirth for the deceased. It is uncertain what the Tibetan beliefs concerning ... More
4. Adam and Eve, Hijra, LGBTQs, and the shake-up of gender identities

4. Adam and Eve, Hijra, LGBTQs, and the shake-up of gender identities  

Florian Coulmas

in Identity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2019
Published Online: 
Feb 2019
eISBN: 
9780191867033
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198828549.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198828549
Like race, gender seems to be an immutable element of our identity, while in both cases natural and socio-cultural determinants interact. ‘Adam and Eve, Hijra, LGBTQs, and the shake-up of ... More
4. Looking AheadUneasy Inheritances

4. Looking Ahead: Uneasy Inheritances  

Timothy Beal

in Religion in America: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365593
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780195321074.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780195321074
‘Looking Ahead’ considers the rise of religious diversity in America, the rise of the information society, and the rise of consumer culture. Religious diversity in America is both ... More
Monasticism: A Very Short Introduction

Monasticism: A Very Short Introduction  

Stephen J. Davis

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2018
eISBN: 
9780191788321
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198717645.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198717645
Monasticism is a social and religious phenomenon that originated in antiquity, which remains relevant in the 21st century. Monasticism: A Very Short Introduction discusses the history of ... More
2. Differences

2. Differences  

Stephen J. Davis

in Monasticism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2018
eISBN: 
9780191788321
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198717645.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198717645
Monasticism is a historical and cultural phenomenon found in multiple and varied forms. How are we able to assign this same label convincingly to a variegated field of monastic practices ... More
PostscriptFrom Classical Thought to the Modern Day

Postscript: From Classical Thought to the Modern Day  

Sue Hamilton

in Indian Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776403
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853745.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853745
The so-called classical period of Indian thought eventually came to an end. It flourished for 1,500 years, with the first 500 years seeing the most significant activity and variety. This ... More
2. Religious thought

2. Religious thought  

Bhikhu Parekh

in Gandhi: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776816
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854575.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854575
‘Religious thought’ explains how, although he was profoundly influenced by Hinduism, Christianity, and Jainism, Gandhi's religious thought cut across all of them and was in a class by ... More
Southeast Asia: A Very Short Introduction

Southeast Asia: A Very Short Introduction  

James R. Rush

Print Publication Year: 
May 2018
Published Online: 
Jun 2018
eISBN: 
9780190248796
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190248765.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780190248765
The eleven countries of Southeast Asia are diverse in every way, from the ethnicities and religions of their residents to their political systems and levels of prosperity. These ... More
3. The East Asian garden

3. The East Asian garden  

Gordon Campbell

in Garden History: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2019
Published Online: 
Feb 2019
eISBN: 
9780191783302
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689873.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689873
‘The East Asian garden’ considers the garden history of China and Japan, where the design emphasis is often on rocks and water. The Chinese see the garden through the prism of a set of ... More
4. Utopianism in other traditions

4. Utopianism in other traditions  

Lyman Tower Sargent

in Utopianism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777615
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199573400.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199573400
Are utopias a Western creation? Most scholars argue that utopian traditions have existed in other cultures such as Buddhism, Confucian, Hinduism, Japanese Shintoism, and Islam. ‘Utopianism ... More

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