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1. Introduction: dimensions of linguistic diversity

1. Introduction: dimensions of linguistic diversity  

Stephen R. Anderson

in Languages: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778018
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199590599.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199590599
By itself, the question ‘How many languages are there in the world? ’ seems quite a trivial one, the sort to which there ought to be a quite simple answer without much intrinsic interest. ... More
8. Darwinism and ideology

8. Darwinism and ideology  

Jonathan Howard

in Darwin: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Feb 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776786
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854544.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854544
‘Darwinism and ideology’ considers the extraction of absolute ethical principles from the theory of evolution in post-Darwinian thought in areas such as Social Darwinism, sociobiology, and ... More
7. Perfection and progress

7. Perfection and progress  

Jonathan Howard

in Darwin: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Feb 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776786
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854544.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854544
‘Perfection and progress’ considers Darwin's response to the idealisations of perfection and progress, which represented two opposed justificatory principles. Perfection and progress were ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Robin Le Poidevin

in Agnosticism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777684
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199575268.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199575268
Agnosticism: A Very Short Introduction considers anti-agnostic attitudes and asks: if we can't establish God's existence, shouldn't there be a presumption of atheism? The ... More
1. Ritualization

1. Ritualization  

Barry Stephenson

in Ritual: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2015
Published Online: 
Feb 2015
eISBN: 
9780199394432
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199943524.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199943524
‘Ritualization’ considers one of the cornerstones of ritual studies—ritualization. It begins with ethology, the study of animal behaviour and goes on to discuss ritualization theory and how ... More
2. Making better eyes

2. Making better eyes  

Michael Land

in The Eye: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2014
Published Online: 
May 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779961
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199680306.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199680306
‘Making better eyes’ explores some of the difficulties associated with making versatile high-resolution eyes, and how these problems have been overcome. Advanced eyes need to produce a well ... More
7. Human teeth and their history

7. Human teeth and their history  

Peter S. Ungar

in Teeth: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2014
Published Online: 
Mar 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779862
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199670598.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199670598
Why do humans have such widespread dental disease and orthodontic disorders compared with other species? ‘Human teeth and their history’ shows that the answer is rooted in our evolutionary ... More
1. Introduction

1. Introduction  

Brian Charlesworth and Deborah Charlesworth

in Evolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2017
Published Online: 
Jun 2017
eISBN: 
9780191842719
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198804369.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198804369
The ‘Introduction’ identifies the purpose of this book—to introduce the general reader to some of the most important basic findings, concepts, and procedures of evolutionary biology. ... More
1. Darwin's life

1. Darwin's life  

Jonathan Howard

in Darwin: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Feb 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776786
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854544.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854544
‘Darwin's life’ details the life of Charles Darwin (1809–1882), using the wealth of biographical material available. Through his five-year circumnavigation of the globe on HMS Beagle that ... More
2. The foundations of Darwinism

2. The foundations of Darwinism  

Jonathan Howard

in Darwin: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Feb 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776786
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854544.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854544
‘The foundations of Darwinism’ introduces the three fundamental conceptions — that of a species, of adaptation, and of evolution itself — that were fused in Darwin's theory of biological ... More
5. 1840

5. 1840  

Jamie Woodward

in The Ice Age: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2014
Published Online: 
Jan 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779671
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199580699.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199580699
‘1840’ describes the remarkable year when Louis Agassiz came to England to publicise his glacial theory. With new converts, William Buckland and Charles Lyell, Agassiz presented papers on ... More
1. Introduction

1. Introduction  

Warwick F. Vincent

in Lakes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2018
eISBN: 
9780191821035
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198766735.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198766735
What is a lake? At first glance, this seems like such an easy question: a lake is simply a body of water surrounded by land. But this sterile, physical definition is only a beginning, and ... More
5. Sex, variation, and heredity

5. Sex, variation, and heredity  

Jonathan Howard

in Darwin: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Feb 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776786
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854544.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854544
‘Sex, variation, and heredity’ describes the two major generalisations concerning the sexual process that Darwin formulated. Firstly, that sexual reproduction, unlike other modes of ... More
1. Introduction

1. Introduction  

Keith Thomson

in Fossils: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776090
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192805041.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192805041
The ‘Introduction’ outlines the aims of the book: to show what fossils are, to explain some of the concepts and principles upon which the study of fossils is based, and to discuss the ... More
3. Mobilize and survive: the Republic at war

3. Mobilize and survive: the Republic at war  

Helen Graham

in The Spanish Civil War: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775864
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803771.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803771
The Republic quickly tried to mobilize domestic resources after the uprising in July 1936. International help was not forthcoming with the Non-Intervention Treaty of August 1936. ‘Mobilize ... More
7. Panic disorder

7. Panic disorder  

Daniel Freeman and Jason Freeman

in Anxiety: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777486
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199567157.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199567157
Panic is a common feature of all anxiety disorders, and other psychological problems too, but it takes centre stage in panic disorder where a person experiences recurrent, unexpected panic ... More
Prologue

Prologue  

Jamie Woodward

in The Ice Age: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2014
Published Online: 
Jan 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779671
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199580699.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199580699
The ‘Prologue’ outlines the theme of this VSI: the remarkable environmental changes that have taken place during the Great Ice Age of the Quaternary Period. It explores the evolution of ... More
7. How and why did things change?

7. How and why did things change?  

Paul Bahn

in Archaeology: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778315
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199657438.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199657438
Archaeologists ask a lot of ‘why’ questions. The range of approaches available to present-day archaeologists is reflected in the diversity of contemporary archaeological theory. This ... More
11. Evolution

11. Evolution  

Lewis Wolpert

in Developmental Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778100
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199601196.003.0012
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199601196
‘Evolution’ shows that development is a fundamental process in the evolution of multicellular organisms. The evolution of multicellular forms of all animals and plants is the result of ... More
8. Deuterostomes I: starfish, sea squirts, and amphioxus

8. Deuterostomes I: starfish, sea squirts, and amphioxus  

Peter Holland

in The Animal Kingdom: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778049
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199593217.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199593217
‘Deuterostomes I: starfish, sea squirts, and amphioxus’ is concerned with some of the phyla of the Deuterostomia superphylum — the Echinodermata, Hemichordata, and the Chordata subphyla ... More

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