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1. Introduction: dimensions of linguistic diversity

1. Introduction: dimensions of linguistic diversity  

Stephen R. Anderson

in Languages: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778018
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199590599.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199590599
By itself, the question ‘How many languages are there in the world? ’ seems quite a trivial one, the sort to which there ought to be a quite simple answer without much intrinsic interest. ... More
8. Darwinism and ideology

8. Darwinism and ideology  

Jonathan Howard

in Darwin: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Feb 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776786
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854544.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854544
‘Darwinism and ideology’ considers the extraction of absolute ethical principles from the theory of evolution in post-Darwinian thought in areas such as Social Darwinism, sociobiology, and ... More
7. Human teeth and their history

7. Human teeth and their history  

Peter S. Ungar

in Teeth: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2014
Published Online: 
Mar 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779862
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199670598.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199670598
Why do humans have such widespread dental disease and orthodontic disorders compared with other species? ‘Human teeth and their history’ shows that the answer is rooted in our evolutionary ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Robin Le Poidevin

in Agnosticism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777684
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199575268.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199575268
Agnosticism: A Very Short Introduction considers anti-agnostic attitudes and asks: if we can't establish God's existence, shouldn't there be a presumption of atheism? The ... More
1. Introduction

1. Introduction  

Brian Charlesworth and Deborah Charlesworth

in Evolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2017
Published Online: 
Jun 2017
eISBN: 
9780191842719
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198804369.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198804369
The ‘Introduction’ identifies the purpose of this book—to introduce the general reader to some of the most important basic findings, concepts, and procedures of evolutionary biology. ... More
7. Perfection and progress

7. Perfection and progress  

Jonathan Howard

in Darwin: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Feb 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776786
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854544.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854544
‘Perfection and progress’ considers Darwin's response to the idealisations of perfection and progress, which represented two opposed justificatory principles. Perfection and progress were ... More
2. Making better eyes

2. Making better eyes  

Michael Land

in The Eye: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2014
Published Online: 
May 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779961
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199680306.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199680306
‘Making better eyes’ explores some of the difficulties associated with making versatile high-resolution eyes, and how these problems have been overcome. Advanced eyes need to produce a well ... More
1. Ritualization

1. Ritualization  

Barry Stephenson

in Ritual: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2015
Published Online: 
Feb 2015
eISBN: 
9780199394432
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199943524.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199943524
‘Ritualization’ considers one of the cornerstones of ritual studies—ritualization. It begins with ethology, the study of animal behaviour and goes on to discuss ritualization theory and how ... More
5. 1840

5. 1840  

Jamie Woodward

in The Ice Age: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2014
Published Online: 
Jan 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779671
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199580699.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199580699
‘1840’ describes the remarkable year when Louis Agassiz came to England to publicise his glacial theory. With new converts, William Buckland and Charles Lyell, Agassiz presented papers on ... More
1. Darwin's life

1. Darwin's life  

Jonathan Howard

in Darwin: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Feb 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776786
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854544.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854544
‘Darwin's life’ details the life of Charles Darwin (1809–1882), using the wealth of biographical material available. Through his five-year circumnavigation of the globe on HMS Beagle that ... More
2. The foundations of Darwinism

2. The foundations of Darwinism  

Jonathan Howard

in Darwin: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Feb 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776786
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854544.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854544
‘The foundations of Darwinism’ introduces the three fundamental conceptions — that of a species, of adaptation, and of evolution itself — that were fused in Darwin's theory of biological ... More
6. Chelonians

6. Chelonians  

T. S. Kemp

in Reptiles: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2019
Published Online: 
Jan 2019
eISBN: 
9780191844065
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198806417.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198806417
Chelonians are the tortoises, terrapins, and turtles, with the single most characteristic feature being the shell, made up of a small number of very large scales, immovably joined to one ... More
1. Introduction

1. Introduction  

Keith Thomson

in Fossils: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776090
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192805041.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192805041
The ‘Introduction’ outlines the aims of the book: to show what fossils are, to explain some of the concepts and principles upon which the study of fossils is based, and to discuss the ... More
3. Mobilize and survive: the Republic at war

3. Mobilize and survive: the Republic at war  

Helen Graham

in The Spanish Civil War: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775864
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803771.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803771
The Republic quickly tried to mobilize domestic resources after the uprising in July 1936. International help was not forthcoming with the Non-Intervention Treaty of August 1936. ‘Mobilize ... More
1. Teeth matter

1. Teeth matter  

Peter S. Ungar

in Teeth: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2014
Published Online: 
Mar 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779862
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199670598.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199670598
‘Teeth matter’ considers how teeth can help us understand ecology and paleontology. An organism eats its neighbour for the fuel and raw materials needed to grow, sustain itself, and ... More
8. Endless forms

8. Endless forms  

Peter S. Ungar

in Teeth: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2014
Published Online: 
Mar 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779862
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199670598.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199670598
Living things must constantly adapt and change to survive when pitted against ever-evolving opposing organisms and an ever-changing world. And teeth must constantly adapt and change along ... More
8. Deuterostomes I: starfish, sea squirts, and amphioxus

8. Deuterostomes I: starfish, sea squirts, and amphioxus  

Peter Holland

in The Animal Kingdom: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778049
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199593217.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199593217
‘Deuterostomes I: starfish, sea squirts, and amphioxus’ is concerned with some of the phyla of the Deuterostomia superphylum — the Echinodermata, Hemichordata, and the Chordata subphyla ... More
10. Genius and us

10. Genius and us  

Andrew Robinson

in Genius: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778056
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199594405.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199594405
‘Genius and us’ shows that in the early 21st century, talent appears to be on the increase, genius on the decrease. Where is the Darwin or the Einstein, the Mozart or the Beethoven, the ... More
7. Panic disorder

7. Panic disorder  

Daniel Freeman and Jason Freeman

in Anxiety: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777486
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199567157.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199567157
Panic is a common feature of all anxiety disorders, and other psychological problems too, but it takes centre stage in panic disorder where a person experiences recurrent, unexpected panic ... More
3. Origins of life and environment

3. Origins of life and environment  

David C. Catling

in Astrobiology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2013
Published Online: 
Oct 2013
eISBN: 
9780191779923
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199586455.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199586455
‘Origins of life and environment’ explains that quite how life arose is unknown. It may have originated on Earth or it may have been carried here by space dust or meteorites, but there is ... More

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