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1. Introduction: dimensions of linguistic diversity

1. Introduction: dimensions of linguistic diversity  

Stephen R. Anderson

in Languages: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778018
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199590599.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199590599
By itself, the question ‘How many languages are there in the world? ’ seems quite a trivial one, the sort to which there ought to be a quite simple answer without much intrinsic interest. ... More
8. Darwinism and ideology

8. Darwinism and ideology  

Jonathan Howard

in Darwin: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Feb 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776786
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854544.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854544
‘Darwinism and ideology’ considers the extraction of absolute ethical principles from the theory of evolution in post-Darwinian thought in areas such as Social Darwinism, sociobiology, and ... More
1. Ritualization

1. Ritualization  

Barry Stephenson

in Ritual: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2015
Published Online: 
Feb 2015
eISBN: 
9780199394432
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199943524.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199943524
‘Ritualization’ considers one of the cornerstones of ritual studies—ritualization. It begins with ethology, the study of animal behaviour and goes on to discuss ritualization theory and how ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Robin Le Poidevin

in Agnosticism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777684
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199575268.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199575268
Agnosticism: A Very Short Introduction considers anti-agnostic attitudes and asks: if we can't establish God's existence, shouldn't there be a presumption of atheism? The ... More
2. Making better eyes

2. Making better eyes  

Michael Land

in The Eye: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2014
Published Online: 
May 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779961
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199680306.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199680306
‘Making better eyes’ explores some of the difficulties associated with making versatile high-resolution eyes, and how these problems have been overcome. Advanced eyes need to produce a well ... More
7. Human teeth and their history

7. Human teeth and their history  

Peter S. Ungar

in Teeth: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2014
Published Online: 
Mar 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779862
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199670598.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199670598
Why do humans have such widespread dental disease and orthodontic disorders compared with other species? ‘Human teeth and their history’ shows that the answer is rooted in our evolutionary ... More
1. Introduction

1. Introduction  

Brian Charlesworth and Deborah Charlesworth

in Evolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2017
Published Online: 
Jun 2017
eISBN: 
9780191842719
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198804369.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198804369
The ‘Introduction’ identifies the purpose of this book—to introduce the general reader to some of the most important basic findings, concepts, and procedures of evolutionary biology. ... More
7. Perfection and progress

7. Perfection and progress  

Jonathan Howard

in Darwin: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Feb 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776786
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854544.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854544
‘Perfection and progress’ considers Darwin's response to the idealisations of perfection and progress, which represented two opposed justificatory principles. Perfection and progress were ... More
5. 1840

5. 1840  

Jamie Woodward

in The Ice Age: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2014
Published Online: 
Jan 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779671
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199580699.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199580699
‘1840’ describes the remarkable year when Louis Agassiz came to England to publicise his glacial theory. With new converts, William Buckland and Charles Lyell, Agassiz presented papers on ... More
1. Darwin's life

1. Darwin's life  

Jonathan Howard

in Darwin: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Feb 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776786
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854544.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854544
‘Darwin's life’ details the life of Charles Darwin (1809–1882), using the wealth of biographical material available. Through his five-year circumnavigation of the globe on HMS Beagle that ... More
2. The foundations of Darwinism

2. The foundations of Darwinism  

Jonathan Howard

in Darwin: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Feb 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776786
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854544.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854544
‘The foundations of Darwinism’ introduces the three fundamental conceptions — that of a species, of adaptation, and of evolution itself — that were fused in Darwin's theory of biological ... More
8. Endless forms

8. Endless forms  

Peter S. Ungar

in Teeth: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2014
Published Online: 
Mar 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779862
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199670598.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199670598
Living things must constantly adapt and change to survive when pitted against ever-evolving opposing organisms and an ever-changing world. And teeth must constantly adapt and change along ... More
8. Deuterostomes I: starfish, sea squirts, and amphioxus

8. Deuterostomes I: starfish, sea squirts, and amphioxus  

Peter Holland

in The Animal Kingdom: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778049
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199593217.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199593217
‘Deuterostomes I: starfish, sea squirts, and amphioxus’ is concerned with some of the phyla of the Deuterostomia superphylum — the Echinodermata, Hemichordata, and the Chordata subphyla ... More
10. Genius and us

10. Genius and us  

Andrew Robinson

in Genius: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778056
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199594405.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199594405
‘Genius and us’ shows that in the early 21st century, talent appears to be on the increase, genius on the decrease. Where is the Darwin or the Einstein, the Mozart or the Beethoven, the ... More
11. Evolution

11. Evolution  

Lewis Wolpert

in Developmental Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778100
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199601196.003.0012
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199601196
‘Evolution’ shows that development is a fundamental process in the evolution of multicellular organisms. The evolution of multicellular forms of all animals and plants is the result of ... More
Prologue

Prologue  

Jamie Woodward

in The Ice Age: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2014
Published Online: 
Jan 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779671
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199580699.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199580699
The ‘Prologue’ outlines the theme of this VSI: the remarkable environmental changes that have taken place during the Great Ice Age of the Quaternary Period. It explores the evolution of ... More
3. Does God act in nature?

3. Does God act in nature?  

Thomas Dixon

in Science and Religion: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777172
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199295517.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199295517
Believers as well as sceptics ask themselves whether stories of the miraculous and the supernatural are really credible in a scientific age. ‘Does God act in nature?’ asks: Does the success ... More
1. What are science–religion debates really about?

1. What are science–religion debates really about?  

Thomas Dixon

in Science and Religion: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777172
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199295517.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199295517
‘What are science–religion debates really about?’ explains how there is more to the relationship between science and religion than meets the eye, and certainly more than just conflict. ... More
5. Creationism and Intelligent Design

5. Creationism and Intelligent Design  

Thomas Dixon

in Science and Religion: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777172
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199295517.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199295517
‘Creationism and Intelligent Design’ examines why the movement promoting ‘Intelligent Design’ or ‘ID’ has become as popular as it has within certain sectors of American society. The ... More
2. The physical dimension: our natural environments

2. The physical dimension: our natural environments  

John A. Matthews and David T. Herbert

in Geography: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776946
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199211289.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199211289
‘The physical dimension: our natural environments’ outlines the field of physical geography. Physical geographers think of the world as comprising a number of different spheres. Physical ... More

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