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2. The mechanical mind

2. The mechanical mind  

Tim Bayne

in Thought: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778148
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199601721.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199601721
What makes a thinker? It has been argued that thought comes from a non-physical medium such as a soul or immaterial mind. This notion has few advocates in science or philosophy, who endorse ... More
7. Chinese and Japanese writing

7. Chinese and Japanese writing  

Andrew Robinson

in Writing and Script: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777509
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199567782.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199567782
A study of the languages of China is vital if we are to understand the scripts of East Asia. Chinese is made up of eight regional languages, which are made up of many dialects. It is a myth ... More
3. Yan’an

3. Yan’an  

Delia Davin

in Mao: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777967
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588664.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199588664
‘Yan'an’ charts Mao's time in Yan'an. During the civil war, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) were anxious to build an alliance with the Guomindang against Japan. Soon after the civil war ... More
4. First years of the People's Republic

4. First years of the People's Republic  

Delia Davin

in Mao: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777967
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588664.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199588664
‘First years of the People's Republic’ investigates the early period of Mao's rule of China. Mao had considerable, but not absolute, power. He sought an alliance with the Soviet Union, but ... More
1. Foundations: ethics, parables, and fish

1. Foundations: ethics, parables, and fish  

Sabina Knight

in Chinese Literature: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365739
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780195392067.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780195392067
‘Foundations: ethics, parables, and fish’ explores ethical teachings in Chinese literature. The main theme of Chinese literature was the transience of human nature. Writing was seen as a ... More
2. Poetry and poetics: landscapes, allusions, and alcohol

2. Poetry and poetics: landscapes, allusions, and alcohol  

Sabina Knight

in Chinese Literature: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365739
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780195392067.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780195392067
‘Poetry and poetics: landscapes, allusions, and alcohol’ examines Chinese poetry. Poetry was seen as a manifestation of nature's patterns, which appeals to energies beyond the rational ... More
3. Classical narrative: history, jottings, and tales of the strange

3. Classical narrative: history, jottings, and tales of the strange  

Sabina Knight

in Chinese Literature: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365739
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780195392067.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780195392067
‘Classical narrative: history, jottings, and tales of the strange’ reviews narrative forms in Chinese literature. Fictional elements were common in early narrative, and it was not until the ... More
Chinese Literature: A Very Short Introduction

Chinese Literature: A Very Short Introduction  

Sabina Knight

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365739
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780195392067.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780195392067
Chinese Literature: A Very Short Introduction tells the story of Chinese literature from antiquity to the present, focusing on the key role literary culture played in ... More
1. A very short history of melancholia

1. A very short history of melancholia  

Mary Jane Tacchi and Jan Scott

in Depression: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2017
Published Online: 
Jan 2017
eISBN: 
9780191785788
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199558650.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199558650
In ancient times, ‘melancholia’ rather than ‘depression’ was used to describe mood disorders characterized by despondency. ‘A very short history of melancholia’ highlights the descriptions ... More
2. I like it!

2. I like it!  

John Krebs

in Food: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778582
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199661084.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199661084
How did variations in cuisine originate? What influences our taste for certain foods over others? Are our preferences the result of culture, upbringing, genes, or are they learnt? ‘I like ... More
2. The causes of multilingualism

2. The causes of multilingualism  

John C. Maher

in Multilingualism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2017
Published Online: 
May 2017
eISBN: 
9780191792465
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198724995.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198724995
How do languages spread and why do so many languages exist? Well-known agents of spread are war and colonization, but also migration and settlement, religion, the media, and the needs of ... More
Translation: A Very Short Introduction

Translation: A Very Short Introduction  

Matthew Reynolds

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2016
Published Online: 
Oct 2016
eISBN: 
9780191780622
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198712114.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198712114
Translation is everywhere, and matters to everybody. Translation doesn’t only give us foreign news, dubbed films, and instructions for using the microwave: without it, there would be no ... More
4. Forms, identities, and interpretations

4. Forms, identities, and interpretations  

Matthew Reynolds

in Translation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2016
Published Online: 
Oct 2016
eISBN: 
9780191780622
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198712114.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198712114
‘Forms, identities, and interpretation’ first looks at icons and how shapes and images are used in sign systems to create simple, international languages. It then considers the ... More
2. How many languages are there in the world?

2. How many languages are there in the world?  

Stephen R. Anderson

in Languages: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778018
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199590599.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199590599
‘How many languages are there in the world?’ acknowledges the pioneering work of missionary organizations with an interest in translating the Bible in documenting the languages of the ... More
5. Some problems in the counting of languages

5. Some problems in the counting of languages  

Stephen R. Anderson

in Languages: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778018
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199590599.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199590599
‘Some problems in the counting of languages’ points out that, though we have assumed that in principle we know how to count the world's languages, what actually makes languages distinct ... More
1. What is modern China?

1. What is modern China?  

Rana Mitter

in Modern China: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2016
Published Online: 
Feb 2016
eISBN: 
9780191815256
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198753704.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198753704
China is the world’s most populous country with a rapidly growing economy, an expanding political presence, and at the beginning of the 21st century, 1.3 billion people lived there. ‘What ... More
1. A multilingual world

1. A multilingual world  

John C. Maher

in Multilingualism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2017
Published Online: 
May 2017
eISBN: 
9780191792465
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198724995.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198724995
A language is an assembly of social styles, the argot of social group and workplace, grammars and vocabularies, historical continuity and change, and regional accents. Approximately ... More
1. Crossing languages

1. Crossing languages  

Matthew Reynolds

in Translation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2016
Published Online: 
Oct 2016
eISBN: 
9780191780622
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198712114.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198712114
What is translation? Is translation any different from communication in general? ‘Crossing languages’ considers the range of ways of doing things with words that can be thought of as ... More
3. Words, contexts, and purposes

3. Words, contexts, and purposes  

Matthew Reynolds

in Translation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2016
Published Online: 
Oct 2016
eISBN: 
9780191780622
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198712114.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198712114
Does translation translate the meanings of words? The relationship between words and meanings is very complex. ‘Words, contexts, and purposes’ explains that there are many aspects of the ... More
6. Words in the world

6. Words in the world  

Matthew Reynolds

in Translation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2016
Published Online: 
Oct 2016
eISBN: 
9780191780622
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198712114.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198712114
Translation happens everywhere all the time. But when it comes to the public and commercial world of printed books, political documents, diplomatic negotiations, business transactions, and ... More

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