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1. Introduction: China’s unfinished revolution

1. Introduction: China’s unfinished revolution  

Richard Curt Kraus

in The Cultural Revolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365814
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199740550.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199740550
‘Introduction: China's unfinished revolution’ provides a general overview of the Cultural Revolution. Chinese revolutions had favoured modernism over Confucianism since the formation of the ... More
4. An economy of “self-reliance”

4. An economy of “self-reliance”  

Richard Curt Kraus

in The Cultural Revolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365814
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199740550.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199740550
‘An economy of “self-reliance”’ assesses Maoist economic policies. China was traditionally poor but egalitarian. Disorder at the start of the Cultural Revolution caused decline, before ... More
Conclusion

Conclusion  

S. A. Smith

in The Russian Revolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776502
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853950.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853950
The Conclusion looks at various interpretations of the rise of the Soviet Union. Does ideology constitute the key to understanding the development of Soviet totalitarianism? What elements ... More
1. Becoming a revolutionary

1. Becoming a revolutionary  

Delia Davin

in Mao: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777967
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588664.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199588664
‘Becoming a revolutionary’ provides an overview of Mao Zedong's early life. Mao had a humble upbringing in rural China. He loved his mother, but clashed with his father. Against his ... More
6. Is Chinese culture modern?

6. Is Chinese culture modern?  

Rana Mitter

in Modern China: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2016
Published Online: 
Feb 2016
eISBN: 
9780191815256
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198753704.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198753704
The idea that China’s culture is tied up with its place in the modern world has persisted since the Opium Wars. Chinese culture is highly valued around the world in terms of literature, ... More
Epilogue: Confucianism in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries

Epilogue: Confucianism in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries  

Daniel K. Gardner

in Confucianism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2014
Published Online: 
Aug 2014
eISBN: 
9780190236809
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780195398915.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780195398915
The ‘Epilogue’ considers the harsh condemnation of Confucianism in the early decades of the twentieth century by leaders of the nationalist May Fourth movement. The Chinese Communist Party ... More
4. Elite and masses

4. Elite and masses  

Stephen Lovell

in The Soviet Union: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777165
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199238484.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199238484
‘Elite and masses’ focuses on the contradictions of Soviet society. The problem for the Bolshevik party was how a centralized, minority party could claim leadership of the masses. In the ... More
5. “We have friends all over the world”: the Cultural Revolution’s global context

5. “We have friends all over the world”: the Cultural Revolution’s global context  

Richard Curt Kraus

in The Cultural Revolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365814
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199740550.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199740550
‘“We have friends all over the world”: the Cultural Revolution's global context’ puts the Revolution in a global context. China symbolized resistance to imperialism, and supported other ... More
5. Competing states, diverging societies

5. Competing states, diverging societies  

Michael J. Seth

in Korea: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2020
Published Online: 
Jan 2020
eISBN: 
9780191868832
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198830771.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198830771
By 1953 almost all Koreans had accepted that they belonged to a single nation united by blood, culture, history, and destiny. However, the end of the Korean War left them divided into two ... More
2. “Politics in Command”

2. “Politics in Command”  

Richard Curt Kraus

in The Cultural Revolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365814
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199740550.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199740550
‘“Politics in Command”’ explores the political mechanisms of the Cultural Revolution. Theatricality played an important role, both in carefully choreographed propaganda and in unscripted ... More
3. Culture: “destroy the old, establish the new”

3. Culture: “destroy the old, establish the new”  

Richard Curt Kraus

in The Cultural Revolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365814
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199740550.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199740550
‘Culture: “destroy the old, establish the new”’ examines the Cultural Revolution's effects on the arts. The Cultural Revolution sought to eliminate feudal and bourgeois artistic influences, ... More
4. Is Chinese society modern?

4. Is Chinese society modern?  

Rana Mitter

in Modern China: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2016
Published Online: 
Feb 2016
eISBN: 
9780191815256
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198753704.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198753704
Equality is a modern goal of many societies, both dictatorships and democracies. Chinese society has changed profoundly in many ways in recent decades. ‘Is Chinese society modern?’ analyses ... More
The Cultural Revolution: A Very Short Introduction

The Cultural Revolution: A Very Short Introduction  

Richard Curt Kraus

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365814
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199740550.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199740550
The Cultural Revolution: A Very Short Introduction illuminates China's decade-long Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution. Moving beyond Mao Zedong, this VSI links Beijing's ... More
6. The Cultural Revolution: it's right to rebel

6. The Cultural Revolution: it's right to rebel  

Delia Davin

in Mao: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777967
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588664.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199588664
‘The Cultural Revolution: it's right to rebel’ examines Mao's attempt to reform Chinese society. Mao mobilized the country's youth against anyone in authority who was deemed to be taking ... More
8. Legacies and assessments: the posthumous Mao

8. Legacies and assessments: the posthumous Mao  

Delia Davin

in Mao: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777967
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588664.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199588664
‘Legacies and assessments: the posthumous Mao’ investigates China after Mao. Hua Guofeng remained faithful to Mao's ideology, and jailed the radical Gang of Four. Meanwhile, Deng Xiaoping ... More
Mao: A Very Short Introduction

Mao: A Very Short Introduction  

Delia Davin

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777967
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588664.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199588664
Mao: A Very Short Introduction chronicles Mao's journey from peasant child to ruler of China. He was a founder of both the Chinese Communist Party and the Red Army. His ... More
7. Decline and death

7. Decline and death  

Delia Davin

in Mao: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777967
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588664.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199588664
‘Decline and death’ recounts the end of Mao's life. Sino-Soviet relations continued to deteriorate, culminating in costly border skirmishes. Mao became distrustful of his second-in-command, ... More
6. Coming to terms with the Cultural Revolution

6. Coming to terms with the Cultural Revolution  

Richard Curt Kraus

in The Cultural Revolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365814
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199740550.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199740550
‘Coming to terms with the Cultural Revolution’ assesses the overall impact of the Cultural Revolution. The beginning of the end came with Mao's death in 1976. There was a relatively ... More
6. Communism's International Allegiances

6. Communism's International Allegiances  

Leslie Holmes

in Communism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777356
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199551545.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199551545
‘Communism's international allegiances’ examines the tendency of Communist states to seek closer ties with each other and the problems encountered in doing so. The origins and purpose of ... More
5. Social Policies and Structures of Communism

5. Social Policies and Structures of Communism  

Leslie Holmes

in Communism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777356
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199551545.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199551545
‘Social policies and structures of communism’ explores some of the more positive aspects of communism in order to understand why in many countries there remains nostalgia for the Communist ... More

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