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3. How do we know?Hume’s Of Miracles

3. How do we know?: Hume’s Of Miracles  

Edward Craig

in Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776700
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854216.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854216
Many regard David Hume as the greatest English-speaking philosopher. He was a very intellectual thinker. As well as being a philosopher he was a historian, an economist, and a political ... More
2. The case for atheism

2. The case for atheism  

Julian Baggini

in Atheism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775925
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804242.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804242
‘The case for atheism’ summarises atheism as the position that is best supported by the evidence and the one that offers the best overall explanation for why the world is as it is and ... More
5. Honesty and dishonesty

5. Honesty and dishonesty  

Katherine Hawley

in Trust: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778421
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199697342.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199697342
To trust someone based on what they say has an expectation of honesty and knowledge. It also has an expectation of good intentions and of skill or ability. Judgements about good intentions ... More
10. Can there be objectivity in taste?

10. Can there be objectivity in taste?  

Stephen Gaukroger

in Objectivity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778216
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199606696.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199606696
‘Can there be objectivity in taste?’ considers aesthetics. What are the features of aesthetic objectivity? It may appear that issues in aesthetics are similar to ethics. However, the single ... More
7. Conclusion

7. Conclusion  

Julian Baggini

in Atheism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775925
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804242.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804242
The ‘Conclusion’ explains that the kind of positive atheism argued for in this book is sometimes called humanism. Broadly, humanists are simply atheists who believe in living purposeful and ... More
4. Conclusion

4. Conclusion  

Richard Tuck

in Hobbes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775628
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802552.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802552
Hobbes's reputation was paradoxical. He was hostile to dogmatism of every kind, yet he was seen as a brusque dogmatist. He was hostile to the intellectual authorities of the churches, but ... More
8. Transcendental philosophy

8. Transcendental philosophy  

Roger Scruton

in Kant: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775482
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801999.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801999
Kant's immediate successors regarded Kant as having changed the course of philosophy. However, even during his lifetime, the intellectual world was torn by controversy over the meaning of ... More
3. Are persons real?

3. Are persons real?  

Jan Westerhoff

in Reality: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778063
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199594412.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199594412
What does it feel like to doubt the self? Some psychological conditions, lead a person to assume that they are dead or deny bodily existence. There is a paradox: how can someone be ... More
1. What are miracles?

1. What are miracles?  

Yujin Nagasawa

in Miracles: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2017
Published Online: 
Nov 2017
eISBN: 
9780191809361
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198747215.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198747215
The concept of a miracle is elusive. We all know roughly what a miracle is, yet we struggle to state a precise definition. The proper definition of a miracle has been disputed among ... More
4. Is it rational to believe in miracles?

4. Is it rational to believe in miracles?  

Yujin Nagasawa

in Miracles: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2017
Published Online: 
Nov 2017
eISBN: 
9780191809361
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198747215.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198747215
‘Is it rational to believe in miracles?’ considers the most crucial question concerning miracles by scrutinizing existing arguments against belief in miracles. The best-known critic of ... More
3. Sympathetic spectators

3. Sympathetic spectators  

Christopher J. Berry

in Adam Smith: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2018
Published Online: 
Oct 2018
eISBN: 
9780191826962
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198784456.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198784456
Adam Smith published The Theory of Moral Sentiments in 1759. What the book sets out to do is investigate or analyse how, in practice, judgments and decisions about what is right or wrong ... More
5. Sympathy, compassion, empathy

5. Sympathy, compassion, empathy  

Rob Boddice

in Pain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2017
Published Online: 
Jul 2017
eISBN: 
9780191801815
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198738565.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198738565
Sympathy and its correlates have played and continue to play an essential role in helping humans to determine who or what is in pain. ‘Sympathy, compassion, empathy’ looks at recent ... More
7. Human behaviour, mind, and culture

7. Human behaviour, mind, and culture  

Samir Okasha

in Philosophy of Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2019
Published Online: 
Nov 2019
eISBN: 
9780191844782
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198806998.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198806998
‘Human behaviour, mind, and culture’ examines the implications of biology for humans, asking whether human behaviour and culture can be explained in biological terms. The intelligence, ... More
2. Human beauty

2. Human beauty  

Roger Scruton

in Beauty: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777042
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199229758.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199229758
In the realm of art, beauty is an object of contemplation, not desire. Does this mean that there are two kinds of beauty — the beauty of people and the beauty of art? ‘Human beauty’ ... More
4. Aesthetics and the self

4. Aesthetics and the self  

Bence Nanay

in Aesthetics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2019
Published Online: 
Oct 2019
eISBN: 
9780191865633
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198826613.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198826613
‘Aesthetics and the self’ explains how we take our aesthetic preferences to be a big part of who we are, but how these preferences change surprisingly quickly and often without us noticing. ... More
Hume: A Very Short Introduction

Hume: A Very Short Introduction  

Alfred Ayer

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776601
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854063.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192854063
Hume: A Very Short Introduction considers one of the greatest of all British philosophers, acknowledged by his contemporaries as a pivotal figure of the Enlightenment. A ... More
3. ‘How it really was’: truth, archives, and the love of old things

3. ‘How it really was’: truth, archives, and the love of old things  

John H. Arnold

in History: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776342
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853523.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853523
‘‘How it really was’: truth, archives, and the love of old things’ examines history's development through the Enlightenment. After the Renaissance, Pyrrhonists saw history as biased and ... More
6. The killing of cats; or, is the past a foreign country?

6. The killing of cats; or, is the past a foreign country?  

John H. Arnold

in History: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776342
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853523.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853523
’The killing of cats; or, is the past a foreign country?’ attempts to examine the thought processes of people from the past. The thought processes of a particular past time can be condensed ... More
Atheism: A Very Short Introduction

Atheism: A Very Short Introduction  

Julian Baggini

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775925
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804242.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192804242
Atheism is often considered to be a negative, dark, and pessimistic belief that is characterized by a rejection of values and purpose and a fierce opposition to religion. Atheism: A Very ... More
5. Truth and subjectivity

5. Truth and subjectivity  

Patrick Gardiner

in Kierkegaard: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775635
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802569.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802569
The two major works of Kierkegaard that reflect his reputation as a religious thinker are Philosophical Fragments and Concluding Unscientific Postscript. ‘Truth and subjectivity’ examines ... More

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