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The History of Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

The History of Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction  

William H. Brock

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785085
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198716488.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198716488
From the earliest exploration of natural materials and their transformations to today’s materials science, chemistry has always been the central discipline that underpins both the physical ... More
3. Gases and atoms

3. Gases and atoms  

William H. Brock

in The History of Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785085
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198716488.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198716488
Until the mid-18th century, chemists had no understanding of the role of air in chemical changes. The Chemical Revolution was not merely conceptual, but also instrumental in that it ... More
6. Synthesis

6. Synthesis  

William H. Brock

in The History of Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785085
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198716488.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198716488
‘Synthesis’ considers how the shape and scale of chemistry has been transformed since the start of the 20th century. A series of world wars; a shift from coal to oil as the feedstock for ... More
1. The fly in the cathedral

1. The fly in the cathedral  

Frank Close

in Nuclear Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2015
Published Online: 
Jul 2015
eISBN: 
9780191788062
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198718635.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198718635
‘The fly in the cathedral’ charts the discovery of the nuclear atom and the start of modern atomic and nuclear physics. It began in 1895 with the discovery of X-rays by Wilhelm Roentgen and ... More
1. Opening the nuclear Pandora’s box

1. Opening the nuclear Pandora’s box  

Claudio Tuniz

in Radioactivity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778391
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199692422.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199692422
‘Opening the nuclear Pandora's box’ takes us through the history of the discovery of radioactivity starting from the French laboratories of Henri Becquerel and Marie and Pierre Curie in the ... More
3. Food and water

3. Food and water  

Claudio Tuniz

in Radioactivity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778391
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199692422.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199692422
‘Food and water’ shows how ionising radiation is used to improve food properties and agricultural products, and control pests. Gamma rays and electron beams are used to sterilize seeds, ... More
2. Productive ambiguity

2. Productive ambiguity  

J. L. Heilbron

in Niels Bohr: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2020
Published Online: 
Jan 2020
eISBN: 
9780191859861
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198819264.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198819264
‘Productive ambiguity’ begins with Bohr’s move to Cambridge in 1911 to work with J. J. Thompson on the electron theory and to publish an English translation of his thesis. He did not ... More
Nuclear Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Nuclear Physics: A Very Short Introduction  

Frank Close

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2015
Published Online: 
Jul 2015
eISBN: 
9780191788062
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198718635.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198718635
Nuclear Physics: A Very Short Introduction gives an account of how this area of physics has progressed since the discovery of the electron at the end of the 19th century, which ... More
3. Powerful forces

3. Powerful forces  

Frank Close

in Nuclear Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2015
Published Online: 
Jul 2015
eISBN: 
9780191788062
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198718635.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198718635
Why do atomic nuclei exist at all? A large nucleus contains many protons in close proximity. Why do these protons, all with the same electrical charge, not mutually repel? ‘Powerful forces’ ... More
2. Nuclear alchemy

2. Nuclear alchemy  

Frank Close

in Nuclear Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2015
Published Online: 
Jul 2015
eISBN: 
9780191788062
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198718635.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198718635
‘Nuclear alchemy’ outlines the further discoveries of protons (the carriers of positive charge in atoms) by Ernest Rutherford and neutrons (particles with no electrical charge) by James ... More
6. Detectors: cameras and time machines

6. Detectors: cameras and time machines  

Frank Close

in Particle Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775956
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804341.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804341
‘Detectors: cameras and time machines’ explores methods of investigating particles. Early methods for detecting particles used scintillating material which flashed on contact with ... More
Radioactivity: A Very Short Introduction

Radioactivity: A Very Short Introduction  

Claudio Tuniz

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778391
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199692422.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199692422
Radioactivity: A Very Short Introduction explains radioactivity and discusses its fundamental role in nature. Radioactivity remains misunderstood and feared perhaps because ... More
5. Classical physics and its cure

5. Classical physics and its cure  

J. L. Heilbron

in The History of Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2018
eISBN: 
9780191782435
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199684120.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199684120
During the 19th century, physics became a recognized profession and its practitioners ‘physicists’. It and they acquired special training facilities in universities and technical schools ... More

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