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Introduction

Introduction  

Anthony Arnull

in European Union Law: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2017
Published Online: 
May 2017
eISBN: 
9780191814259
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198749981.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198749981
The Introduction outlines the questions that this VSI attempts to answer. Why does the EU arouse such strong passions? As an organization based on international treaties, why has it proved ... More
European Union Law: A Very Short Introduction

European Union Law: A Very Short Introduction  

Anthony Arnull

Print Publication Year: 
May 2017
Published Online: 
May 2017
eISBN: 
9780191814259
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198749981.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198749981
European Law: A Very Short Introduction considers the laws and legal system of the European Union and discusses the range of issues that the European Union has been given the ... More
The European Union: A Very Short Introduction

The European Union: A Very Short Introduction (4th edn)  

Simon Usherwood and John Pinder

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2018
eISBN: 
9780191846601
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198808855.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198808855
The European Union (EU) is a unique political organization. Illustrating how and why it has developed from 1950 to the present day, The European Union: A Very Short Introduction covers a ... More
3. Secondary EU law

3. Secondary EU law  

Anthony Arnull

in European Union Law: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2017
Published Online: 
May 2017
eISBN: 
9780191814259
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198749981.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198749981
A novel feature of the Treaties was that they created institutions distinct from the Member States with the capacity to make law. Such law is known as the secondary law of the EU. It is ... More
8. Enforcing EU law

8. Enforcing EU law  

Anthony Arnull

in European Union Law: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2017
Published Online: 
May 2017
eISBN: 
9780191814259
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198749981.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198749981
What are the CJEU’s powers? ‘Enforcing EU law’ considers three of the most important. Infringement proceedings assess claims by the Commission that Member States have failed to do what the ... More
1. What is citizenship, and why does it matter?

1. What is citizenship, and why does it matter?  

Richard Bellamy

in Citizenship: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775604
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802538.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802538
The issue of citizenship is currently topical. Governments have promoted teaching it in schools and immigrants are expected to pass citizenship tests to become naturalized citizens. ... More
8. Ensuring the effectiveness of environmental law

8. Ensuring the effectiveness of environmental law  

Elizabeth Fisher

in Environmental Law: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2017
Published Online: 
Oct 2017
eISBN: 
9780191835643
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198794189.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198794189
Much of the stretching of the legal imagination of environmental lawyers has been trying to make environmental law more effective. Enforcement practices have evolved, innovative regulatory ... More
5. Varieties

5. Varieties  

David Garland

in The Welfare State: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2016
Published Online: 
Apr 2016
eISBN: 
9780191780981
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199672660.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199672660
Every developed country has a distinctive welfare state of its own. Welfare states generally rely on the same basic institutions, but these institutions can operate in different ways. ... More
2. From Common Market to European Union

2. From Common Market to European Union  

Anthony Arnull

in European Union Law: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2017
Published Online: 
May 2017
eISBN: 
9780191814259
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198749981.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198749981
The EEC Treaty said that the common market should be established gradually over a transitional period comprising three stages. When the transitional period expired in 1969, the common ... More
2. Why corruption is a problem

2. Why corruption is a problem  

Leslie Holmes

in Corruption: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2015
Published Online: 
Apr 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785214
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689699.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689699
Corruption impacts upon individuals, groups, and organizations in numerous ways. ‘Why corruption is a problem’ considers the negative effects of corruption in terms of social, ... More
6. EU law in the national courts

6. EU law in the national courts  

Anthony Arnull

in European Union Law: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2017
Published Online: 
May 2017
eISBN: 
9780191814259
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198749981.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198749981
‘EU law in the national courts’ explains the concepts of direct effect and primacy. The Court of Justice of the European Union has ruled that EU law may confer rights on individuals that ... More
1. What is populism?

1. What is populism?  

Cas Mudde and Cristóbal Rovira Kaltwasser

in Populism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2017
Published Online: 
Feb 2017
eISBN: 
9780190234904
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190234874.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190234874
“What is populism?” explains the ideational approach taken by this VSI. Populism is positioned within the context of liberal democracy. It is a label seldom claimed by people or ... More
5. Has capitalism gone global?

5. Has capitalism gone global?  

James Fulcher

in Capitalism: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2015
Published Online: 
Jun 2015
eISBN: 
9780191793011
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198726074.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198726074
What is ‘global capitalism?’ Economies no longer operate in isolation, producing goods at home for export abroad. Companies now run manufacturing operations in many different countries ... More
6. Crisis? What crisis?

6. Crisis? What crisis?  

James Fulcher

in Capitalism: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2015
Published Online: 
Jun 2015
eISBN: 
9780191793011
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198726074.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198726074
Is capitalism in a state of crisis? Crises are in fact a normal part of the functioning of a capitalist society. ‘Crisis? What Crisis?’ looks at crises in capitalism from ‘tulipomania’ in ... More
5. The nation in history

5. The nation in history  

Steven Grosby

in Nationalism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776281
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192840981.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192840981
‘The nation in history’ investigates historical notions of nationhood. Nations are generally thought of as being relatively recent inventions, as it is believed that earlier societies did ... More
5. Settling disputes

5. Settling disputes  

Amrita Narlikar

in The World Trade Organization: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776168
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192806086.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192806086
‘Settling disputes’ outlines the Dispute Settlement Understanding (DSU), the single, highly legalized settlement body of the World Trade Organization. The onus falls on members to make ... More
3. Environmental policy: instrument choice

3. Environmental policy: instrument choice  

Stephen Smith

in Environmental Economics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777813
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199583584.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199583584
‘Environmental policy: instrument choice’ considers the policy instruments available to governments to regulate polluting emissions and environmental damage. Much environmental policy ... More
7. Resources, climate change, and capitalism

7. Resources, climate change, and capitalism  

Christopher S. Browning

in International Security: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2013
Published Online: 
Oct 2013
eISBN: 
9780191779930
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199668533.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199668533
The environment presents us with a range of security challenges that are often grouped together under the catch-all term ‘environmental security’. ‘Resources, climate change, and ... More
8. Saviours or sinners?

8. Saviours or sinners?  

Christopher S. Browning

in International Security: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2013
Published Online: 
Oct 2013
eISBN: 
9780191779930
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199668533.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199668533
Territorial borders are inextricably connected with questions of security. ‘Saviours or sinners?’ explains how the challenge of controlling the movement of people and goods across borders ... More
1. What is governance?

1. What is governance?  

Mark Bevir

in Governance: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778209
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199606412.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199606412
How does governance differ from government? ‘What is governance?’ considers how the meaning of the term governance has evolved along with our understanding of the role of the state in ... More

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