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Introduction

Introduction  

Anthony Arnull

in European Union Law: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2017
Published Online: 
May 2017
eISBN: 
9780191814259
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198749981.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198749981
The Introduction outlines the questions that this VSI attempts to answer. Why does the EU arouse such strong passions? As an organization based on international treaties, why has it proved ... More
European Union Law: A Very Short Introduction

European Union Law: A Very Short Introduction  

Anthony Arnull

Print Publication Year: 
May 2017
Published Online: 
May 2017
eISBN: 
9780191814259
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198749981.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198749981
European Law: A Very Short Introduction considers the laws and legal system of the European Union and discusses the range of issues that the European Union has been given the ... More
2. The constitution: old and new

2. The constitution: old and new  

Tony Wright

in British Politics: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
May 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778339
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199661107.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199661107
‘The Constitution: Old and New’ addresses the question of the nature of Britain's constitution. It is often said that Britain has an unwritten constitution or no proper constitution at all. ... More
The European Union: A Very Short Introduction

The European Union: A Very Short Introduction (4th edn)  

Simon Usherwood and John Pinder

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2018
eISBN: 
9780191846601
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198808855.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198808855
The European Union (EU) is a unique political organization. Illustrating how and why it has developed from 1950 to the present day, The European Union: A Very Short Introduction covers a ... More
3. Secondary EU law

3. Secondary EU law  

Anthony Arnull

in European Union Law: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2017
Published Online: 
May 2017
eISBN: 
9780191814259
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198749981.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198749981
A novel feature of the Treaties was that they created institutions distinct from the Member States with the capacity to make law. Such law is known as the secondary law of the EU. It is ... More
8. Enforcing EU law

8. Enforcing EU law  

Anthony Arnull

in European Union Law: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2017
Published Online: 
May 2017
eISBN: 
9780191814259
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198749981.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198749981
What are the CJEU’s powers? ‘Enforcing EU law’ considers three of the most important. Infringement proceedings assess claims by the Commission that Member States have failed to do what the ... More
8. Ensuring the effectiveness of environmental law

8. Ensuring the effectiveness of environmental law  

Elizabeth Fisher

in Environmental Law: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2017
Published Online: 
Oct 2017
eISBN: 
9780191835643
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198794189.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198794189
Much of the stretching of the legal imagination of environmental lawyers has been trying to make environmental law more effective. Enforcement practices have evolved, innovative regulatory ... More
1. What is citizenship, and why does it matter?

1. What is citizenship, and why does it matter?  

Richard Bellamy

in Citizenship: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775604
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802538.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802538
The issue of citizenship is currently topical. Governments have promoted teaching it in schools and immigrants are expected to pass citizenship tests to become naturalized citizens. ... More
5. Varieties

5. Varieties  

David Garland

in The Welfare State: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2016
Published Online: 
Apr 2016
eISBN: 
9780191780981
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199672660.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199672660
Every developed country has a distinctive welfare state of its own. Welfare states generally rely on the same basic institutions, but these institutions can operate in different ways. ... More
4. The political dimension of globalization

4. The political dimension of globalization  

Manfred B. Steger

in Globalization: A Very Short Introduction (4th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2017
Published Online: 
Apr 2017
eISBN: 
9780191824593
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198779551.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198779551
Political globalization refers to the intensification and expansion of political interrelations across the globe. ‘The political dimension of globalization’ considers how these processes ... More
2. From Common Market to European Union

2. From Common Market to European Union  

Anthony Arnull

in European Union Law: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2017
Published Online: 
May 2017
eISBN: 
9780191814259
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198749981.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198749981
The EEC Treaty said that the common market should be established gradually over a transitional period comprising three stages. When the transitional period expired in 1969, the common ... More
2. Why corruption is a problem

2. Why corruption is a problem  

Leslie Holmes

in Corruption: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2015
Published Online: 
Apr 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785214
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689699.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689699
Corruption impacts upon individuals, groups, and organizations in numerous ways. ‘Why corruption is a problem’ considers the negative effects of corruption in terms of social, ... More
3. Arguing: the political conversation

3. Arguing: the political conversation  

Tony Wright

in British Politics: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
May 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778339
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199661107.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199661107
‘Arguing: the Political Conversation’ examines how the conduct of politics has changed since the Second World War. The traditional division between left and right in British politics had in ... More
6. EU law in the national courts

6. EU law in the national courts  

Anthony Arnull

in European Union Law: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2017
Published Online: 
May 2017
eISBN: 
9780191814259
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198749981.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198749981
‘EU law in the national courts’ explains the concepts of direct effect and primacy. The Court of Justice of the European Union has ruled that EU law may confer rights on individuals that ... More
3. Can we measure corruption?

3. Can we measure corruption?  

Leslie Holmes

in Corruption: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2015
Published Online: 
Apr 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785214
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689699.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689699
Has the scale of corruption been increasing over the years? Are some countries more corrupt than others? In order to answer these questions, we need to be able to measure corruption, which ... More
7. What else can be done?

7. What else can be done?  

Leslie Holmes

in Corruption: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2015
Published Online: 
Apr 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785214
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689699.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689699
The state is only one of many actors with a role to play in controlling corruption. ‘What else can be done?’ considers the options for international organizations (IOs), the business ... More
4. Markets

4. Markets  

Avinash Dixit

in Microeconomics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2014
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779824
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689378.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689378
‘Markets’ focuses on the supply-and-demand nature of markets. The supply–demand mechanism produces just the quantity that contributes positive social surplus, and no more. The outcome ... More
3. Environmental policy: instrument choice

3. Environmental policy: instrument choice  

Stephen Smith

in Environmental Economics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777813
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199583584.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199583584
‘Environmental policy: instrument choice’ considers the policy instruments available to governments to regulate polluting emissions and environmental damage. Much environmental policy ... More
4. The night Stalin and Churchill divided Europe

4. The night Stalin and Churchill divided Europe  

Joseph M. Siracusa

in Diplomacy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777950
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588503.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199588503
‘The night Stalin and Churchill divided Europe’ discusses the important meeting between Josef Stalin and Winston Churchill in Moscow on 9 October 1944, when they agreed a plan for the ... More
7. The end of British politics?

7. The end of British politics?  

Tony Wright

in British Politics: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
May 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778339
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199661107.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199661107
‘The end of British Politics?’ looks at the factors that have shaped the British political scene since the two main parties polled 97% of votes in 1951. A figure that fell to 65% in 2010 ... More

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