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3. Ends and means in war

3. Ends and means in war  

Michael Howard

in Clausewitz: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775642
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802576.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802576
‘Ends and means in war’ deals with Clausewitz's fascination with the dialectic between ends and means. For him, combat was both the end — because troops are meant to fight — and the means — ... More
9. Communism and revolution

9. Communism and revolution  

Peter Singer

in Marx: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780191860652
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198821076.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198821076
How, in Marx’s view, would capitalism be overthrown? And what kind of society did Marx believe would replace capitalism? The simple answers are: capitalism would be overthrown by revolution ... More
9. The indispensable welfare state

9. The indispensable welfare state  

David Garland

in The Welfare State: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2016
Published Online: 
Apr 2016
eISBN: 
9780191780981
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199672660.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199672660
‘The indispensable welfare state’ concludes that the welfare state is a fundamental dimension of modern government, integral to the economic functioning and social health of capitalist ... More
1. Socialist traditions

1. Socialist traditions  

Michael Newman

in Socialism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775949
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804310.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804310
‘Socialist traditions’ explores the development of the theory of socialism, from its earliest years until the establishment of the Communist Party in Russia, and its split with the social ... More
2. Journalist

2. Journalist  

Terrell Carver

in Engels: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776021
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804662.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804662
‘Journalist’ introduces Engels' background and the formative experiences of his youth. Engels came from a family of well-to-do mill owners, and soon reacted against the philistinism of his ... More
1. Should ideologies be ill-reputed?

1. Should ideologies be ill-reputed?  

Michael Freeden

in Ideology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775673
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802811.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802811
Ideology is a word that evokes strong emotional responses. ‘Should ideologies be ill-reputed’ examines how ideologies are perceived. For many, ideologies are associated with -isms, such as ... More
5. Logic and dialectics

5. Logic and dialectics  

Peter Singer

in Hegel: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775468
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801975.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801975
‘Logic and dialectics’ explains the aspect of logic so frequently said to be Hegel's greatest discovery, the dialectical method. The goal of logic, Hegel states, is truth. What sort of ... More
6. Aftermath

6. Aftermath  

Peter Singer

in Hegel: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775468
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801975.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801975
‘Aftermath’ looks at the more immediate influence Hegel had in the world after his death. His followers split into two camps: the orthodox or Right Hegelians who followed in the style of ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Michael Howard

in Clausewitz: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775642
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802576.003.5001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802576
Not many would dispute the importance of Clausewitz's study On War. Few if any other writers on war have succeeded as he did in transcending the limitations imposed on their insights by the ... More
5. Identity in politicspromises and dangers

5. Identity in politics: promises and dangers  

Florian Coulmas

in Identity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2019
Published Online: 
Feb 2019
eISBN: 
9780191867033
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198828549.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198828549
‘Identity in politics: promises and dangers’ concludes that identity in politics is a challenge to democratic rule rooted in the principle of self-determination. As a natural child of ... More
11. Is Marx still relevant?

11. Is Marx still relevant?  

Peter Singer

in Marx: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780191860652
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198821076.003.0011
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198821076
By the early 20th century, Marxism was the dominant ideology of the left, especially in Europe. Marxism spread significantly around the world after the two world wars, but Marx’s prominence ... More
5. The first Marxism

5. The first Marxism  

Peter Singer

in Marx: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780191860652
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198821076.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198821076
Marx had developed two important ideas: that economics is the chief form of human alienation and that the material force needed to liberate humanity from its domination by the capitalist ... More
6. The development of the materialist theory of history

6. The development of the materialist theory of history  

Peter Singer

in Marx: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780191860652
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198821076.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198821076
For Marx the unity of theory and practice meant the resolution of theoretical problems by practical activity. ‘The development of the materialist theory of history’ examines how Marx came ... More
8. Economics

8. Economics  

Peter Singer

in Marx: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780191860652
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198821076.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198821076
‘Economics’ considers Marx’s economic theories as outlined in Capital, which he regarded as his masterpiece. Marx believed that the capitalist economic system, regarded by the classical ... More
1. A life and its legacy

1. A life and its legacy  

Peter Singer

in Marx: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780191860652
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198821076.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198821076
Marx’s influence, which has extended beyond communist societies, can be compared to that of major religious figures like Jesus or Muhammad. The lives of hundreds of millions of people were ... More
10. Was Marx right?

10. Was Marx right?  

Peter Singer

in Marx: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780191860652
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198821076.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198821076
Many of Marx’s predictions have been proven wrong. If Marx did not make scientific discoveries about economics and society, what did he get right? ‘Was Marx right?’ suggests it is better to ... More
2. The young Hegelian

2. The young Hegelian  

Peter Singer

in Marx: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780191860652
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198821076.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198821076
Marx discovered Hegel when he was a student in Berlin. The close attachment to Hegelian thought that Marx developed stayed with him his whole life. ‘The young Hegelian’ considers the ... More
3. From God to money

3. From God to money  

Peter Singer

in Marx: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780191860652
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198821076.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198821076
The Young Hegelians, including Bauer and Feuerbach, saw religion as the alienated human essence, and sought to end this alienation through their critical studies of Christianity. ‘From God ... More
7. The goal of history

7. The goal of history  

Peter Singer

in Marx: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780191860652
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198821076.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198821076
According to Marx, it is the powers of production—the ‘productive forces’—which give rise to relations of production, and these relations constitute the economic structure of society. ‘The ... More
7. Politics and society

7. Politics and society  

Catherine Wilson

in Epicureanism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2015
Published Online: 
Dec 2015
eISBN: 
9780191808951
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688326.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688326
‘Politics and society’ considers the Epicurean views on the evolution of civilisation, justice, political theory, and social organization. Epicurus said justice had a single basic function: ... More

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