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10. Can there be objectivity in taste?

10. Can there be objectivity in taste?  

Stephen Gaukroger

in Objectivity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778216
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199606696.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199606696
‘Can there be objectivity in taste?’ considers aesthetics. What are the features of aesthetic objectivity? It may appear that issues in aesthetics are similar to ethics. However, the single ... More
3. How do we know?Hume’s Of Miracles

3. How do we know?: Hume’s Of Miracles  

Edward Craig

in Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776700
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854216.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854216
Many regard David Hume as the greatest English-speaking philosopher. He was a very intellectual thinker. As well as being a philosopher he was a historian, an economist, and a political ... More
4. Why punish … and how?

4. Why punish … and how?  

Julian V. Roberts

in Criminal Justice: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2015
Published Online: 
Aug 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785092
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198716495.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198716495
Why is punishment imposed and how do we justify the penalties imposed? ‘Why punish … and how?’ outlines the legal justifications for punishment: one perspective focuses on the crime and its ... More
4. Dasein

4. Dasein  

Michael Inwood

in Heidegger: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2019
Published Online: 
Jan 2019
eISBN: 
9780191867095
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198828662.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198828662
Dasein is Heidegger’s way of referring both to the human being and to the type of Being that humans have. Its essence lies in its existence. It can respond to its circumstances, thereby ... More
8. Temporality, transcendence, and freedom

8. Temporality, transcendence, and freedom  

Michael Inwood

in Heidegger: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2019
Published Online: 
Jan 2019
eISBN: 
9780191867095
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198828662.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198828662
‘Temporality, transcendence, and freedom’ considers Dasein’s place within time and space. Time is a result of Dasein striving to impose order and significance on an apparently hostile ... More
4. Humanism and morality

4. Humanism and morality  

Stephen Law

in Humanism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777363
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199553648.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199553648
Humanists deal with moral questions about what we ought or ought not to do. Ethics features highly in humanism. When considering morality, religious people ask the following questions: how ... More
9. Can there be objectivity in ethics?

9. Can there be objectivity in ethics?  

Stephen Gaukroger

in Objectivity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778216
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199606696.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199606696
Is objectivity an appropriate way to think about morality? What role could impartiality or freedom from bias play in moral reasoning? ‘Can there be objectivity in ethics?’ discusses notions ... More
3. Desire

3. Desire  

Ronald de Sousa

in Love: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2015
Published Online: 
Jan 2015
eISBN: 
9780191781353
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199663842.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199663842
Love essentially involves desire. But what is desire? And what sorts of desire are characteristic of love? ‘Desire’ explains that some of the things lovers want are features desirable in ... More
8. Cultural impact

8. Cultural impact  

Jamie A. Davies

in Synthetic Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2018
Published Online: 
Jul 2018
eISBN: 
9780191841699
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198803492.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198803492
Science is not an isolated enterprise: it is affected by and affects broader society and culture. Synthetic biology has changed aspects of education; stimulated artists, writers, and ... More
3. Atheist ethics

3. Atheist ethics  

Julian Baggini

in Atheism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775925
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804242.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804242
‘Atheist ethics’ shows that morality is more than possible without God; it is entirely independent of him. That means atheists are not only more than capable of leading moral lives, they ... More
Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction  

Edward Craig

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776700
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854216.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192854216
Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction introduces important themes in ethics, knowledge, and the self, via readings from Plato, Hume, Descartes, Hegel, Darwin, and Buddhist ... More
2. The moral status of animals

2. The moral status of animals  

David DeGrazia

in Animal Rights: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776380
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853608.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853608
Increasingly, people claim that animals have moral status, moral rights, or both. What does this mean? To say that a cat has moral status is to say that the cat has moral importance in her ... More
3. The immorality of an age

3. The immorality of an age  

Patrick Gardiner

in Kierkegaard: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775635
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802569.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802569
Kierkegaard worried that because of the huge increase in knowledge, we had forgotten what it actually means to exist and the meaning of inwardness. ‘The immorality of an age’ looks at how ... More
1. Hegel's times and life

1. Hegel's times and life  

Peter Singer

in Hegel: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775468
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801975.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801975
‘Hegel's times and life’ charts the life of Hegel and looks at the significance of the time in which he was born for the formation of his philosophical thought. He was born in 1770, at the ... More
7. Self-determination and the will

7. Self-determination and the will  

Thomas Pink

in Free Will: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776366
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853585.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853585
‘Self-determination and the will’ assesses the exercise problem. Hobbes' theory of action cites the causal power of desires as the capability for action. This threatens libertarian freedom, ... More
4. Plotting mischief

4. Plotting mischief  

Matthew Bevis

in Comedy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778131
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199601714.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199601714
Good comedy has a knack of good timing and storytelling. It is the art of surprise, but established routine is what makes surprise possible. Jokes work because we expect the result, and our ... More
2. Heidegger’s philosophy

2. Heidegger’s philosophy  

Michael Inwood

in Heidegger: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2019
Published Online: 
Jan 2019
eISBN: 
9780191867095
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198828662.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198828662
‘Heidegger’s philosophy’ lays out the significance of, and the questions raised by, Heidegger’s masterwork, Being and Time, which was published in 1927. The result of his reading, ... More
5. The futures of comparative literature

5. The futures of comparative literature  

Ben Hutchinson

in Comparative Literature: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780191844911
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198807278.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198807278
Comparative literature is both central and marginal to literary studies: central because it draws on almost every discipline in the Humanities; marginal because it is not tied to any single ... More
6. Religion

6. Religion  

Ritchie Robertson

in Goethe: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785764
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689255.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689255
Goethe was brought up in Frankfurt, a Protestant city where the Lutheran Church held sway, but was also introduced to key Enlightenment texts through his father’s extensive library. ... More
2. What is literature and does it matter?

2. What is literature and does it matter?  

Jonathan Culler

in Literary Theory: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778384
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199691340.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199691340
The question ‘What is literature?’ arises because critics and theorists hope, by saying what literature is, to promote what they consider the most pertinent critical methods and to dismiss ... More

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