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5. Astronomy in the age of Newton

5. Astronomy in the age of Newton  

Michael Hoskin

in The History of Astronomy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775727
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803061.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803061
The transformation in thinking about the how the planets relate to the Sun was followed by a whole change in understanding of the how the universe worked. Aristotle, the dominant figure in ... More
5. Fractals, strange attractors, and dimension(s)

5. Fractals, strange attractors, and dimension(s)  

Leonard A. Smith

in Chaos: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776410
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853783.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853783
‘Fractals, strange attractors, and dimension(s)’ provides an overview of fractals. Fractals are patterns that repeat at different scales, and display self-similarity. Theoretically these ... More
6. One of God’s chosen few

6. One of God’s chosen few  

Rob Iliffe

in Newton: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777202
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199298037.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199298037
‘One of God's chosen few’ explains how at some point, probably in the early 1670s, Newton became a radical anti-trinitarian, holding that the conventional doctrine of the Holy Trinity was ... More
10. Centaurs and other animals

10. Centaurs and other animals  

Rob Iliffe

in Newton: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777202
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199298037.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199298037
‘Centaurs and other animals’ examines the final decade of Newton's life. Newton continued his relentless pursuit of religious truth: massive drafts on early church history survive, many ... More
6. Getting inside mathematics

6. Getting inside mathematics  

Jacqueline Stedall

in The History of Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778094
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199599684.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199599684
Who invented algebra? Who invented calculus? ‘Getting inside mathematics’ looks at the possible answers to these questions alongside the introduction of mathematical notation and the ... More
4. Types and hexagons

4. Types and hexagons  

William H. Brock

in The History of Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785085
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198716488.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198716488
‘Types and hexagons’ introduces some of the key characters involved in making important contributions to the field of chemistry: Antoine Fourcroy, who created the divisions of inorganic and ... More
Epilogue

Epilogue  

Michael Hoskin

in The History of Astronomy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775727
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803061.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803061
In this ‘Epilogue’ the attempts of observers and theoreticians to understand the visible heavenly bodies is seen to give way to a new type of astronomy that combines physics and chemistry. ... More
2. Playing philosophically

2. Playing philosophically  

Rob Iliffe

in Newton: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777202
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199298037.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199298037
‘Playing philosophically’ considers Newton's early life, describing how his immersion in worlds of practical ingenuity not only offered portents of his great future, but led directly to it. ... More
5. A true hermetic philosopher

5. A true hermetic philosopher  

Rob Iliffe

in Newton: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777202
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199298037.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199298037
‘A true hermetic philosopher’ explains how alchemy enjoyed a chequered reputation by the middle of the seventeenth century. It was part of a larger practice that was termed ‘chymistry’. In ... More
8. In the city

8. In the city  

Rob Iliffe

in Newton: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777202
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199298037.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199298037
‘In the city’ describes how the years after the completion of the Principia witnessed some of the most intense intellectual activity of Newton's life. He researched furiously into the vexed ... More
1. A national man

1. A national man  

Rob Iliffe

in Newton: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777202
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199298037.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199298037
‘A national man’ reviews the various biographies of Newton which appeared after his death on 20 March 1727. John Conduitt supervised the collection of virtually all the significant ... More
7. The divine book

7. The divine book  

Rob Iliffe

in Newton: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777202
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199298037.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199298037
‘The divine book’ examines the development of Newton's thinking about celestial motions. By November 1685 he had completed a draft of the Principia. In the first book — the ‘Lectiones’ — he ... More
3. The age of heat – you can’t get something for nothing

3. The age of heat – you can’t get something for nothing  

David Blockley

in Engineering: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777738
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578696.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199578696
‘The age of heat — you can't get something for nothing’ explores the development of heat engines, from early steam engines up to modern methods of energy generation. Despite being easily ... More
2. The age of gravity – time for work

2. The age of gravity – time for work  

David Blockley

in Engineering: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777738
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578696.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199578696
‘The age of gravity — time for work’ looks at the development of the concepts of force and time, and how these affected the earliest tools which worked against the force of gravity. From ... More
8. Eureka experiences

8. Eureka experiences  

Andrew Robinson

in Genius: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778056
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199594405.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199594405
In both the arts and the sciences, genius is sometimes associated with a ‘eureka experience’. ‘Eureka experiences’ assesses the histories behind Archimedes' principles of displacement and ... More
6. Is it possible to represent things objectively?

6. Is it possible to represent things objectively?  

Stephen Gaukroger

in Objectivity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778216
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199606696.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199606696
‘Is it possible to represent things objectively?’ questions how we are to understand scientific representations of the world. The positive aim of objectivity is to create an accurate ... More
1. Mathematics: myth and history

1. Mathematics: myth and history  

Jacqueline Stedall

in The History of Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778094
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199599684.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199599684
‘Mathematics: myth and history’ considers some well-known names in the field of mathematics: Pythagoras, Euclid, Diophantus, Pierre de Fermat, Leonhard Euler, and Andrew Wiles, the man you ... More
5. Mathematical livelihoods

5. Mathematical livelihoods  

Jacqueline Stedall

in The History of Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778094
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199599684.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199599684
Over the centuries, there have been significant changes in the ways that mathematicians have been employed. A modern mathematician is very likely to work in education, finance, or industry, ... More
7. The evolving historiography of mathematics

7. The evolving historiography of mathematics  

Jacqueline Stedall

in The History of Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778094
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199599684.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199599684
‘The evolving historiography of mathematics’ looks at how the questions asked by historians have changed and diversified. It is not enough to ask who discovered what and when. We also want ... More
4. Learning mathematics

4. Learning mathematics  

Jacqueline Stedall

in The History of Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778094
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199599684.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199599684
Why learn mathematics? A study of what has been taught, and how, reveals a good deal about what aspects of mathematics have been regarded as relevant, and for what purposes. ‘Learning ... More

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