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1. Islam, Muslims, and Islamism

1. Islam, Muslims, and Islamism  

Malise Ruthven

in Islam: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778261
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199642878.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199642878
Islam is the religion of about one-fifth of humanity. The terrorist attacks in September 2001 raised the profile of Islam throughout the world as a subject of analysis and discussion. ... More
Global Islam: A Very Short Introduction

Global Islam: A Very Short Introduction  

Nile Green

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2021
Published Online: 
Nov 2020
eISBN: 
9780190917265
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190917234.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780190917234
Global Islam: A Very Short Introduction looks at the methods used by individuals, organizations, and states to spread multiple versions of Islam around the world. Since the ... More
8. International law (al-siyar)

8. International law (al-siyar)  

Mashood A. Baderin

in Islamic Law: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2021
Published Online: 
Feb 2021
eISBN: 
9780191783289
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199665594.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199665594
‘International law (al-siyar)’ discusses Islamic international law, which is known as ‘al-siyar’. Al-siyar covers the classical Islamic rules on state conduct in times of war and peace, ... More
Islamic Law: A Very Short Introduction

Islamic Law: A Very Short Introduction  

Mashood A. Baderin

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2021
Published Online: 
Feb 2021
eISBN: 
9780191783289
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199665594.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199665594
Islamic Law: A Very Short Introduction examines the evolution, nature, and theory of Islamic law, incorporating both classical and modern scholarly perspectives. Islamic law is ... More
1. Preliminaries

1. Preliminaries  

Michael Cook

in The Koran: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776311
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853448.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853448
Every society has its sacred texts. What these texts share, despite their variety, is their centrality to their respective cultures. ‘Preliminaries’ gives a brief sketch of the history of ... More
2. Types and traditions

2. Types and traditions  

Philip Sheldrake

in Spirituality: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777981
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588756.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199588756
Spiritualties take a variety of different shapes. ‘Types and traditions’ shows a way of categorizing different forms of spirituality that can be applied across boundaries, and illustrates ... More
3. An argument against the existence of God

3. An argument against the existence of God  

Stephen Law

in Humanism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777363
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199553648.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199553648
God in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam has three important characteristics: omnipotence, omniscience, and supreme benevolence. Through these three characteristics, theism is challenged by ... More
1. Introduction

1. Introduction  

Richard Lyman Bushman

in Mormonism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365562
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780195310306.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780195310306
Although its adherents regard it as a restoration of ancient Christianity, Mormonism holds a number of distinctive doctrines and practices, among them belief in a scripture supplemental to ... More
4. Divine messengers

4. Divine messengers  

David Albert Jones

in Angels: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777301
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199547302.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199547302
Angel (malach) is a Hebrew word meaning messenger. It means the same in Arabic and Greek. The tradition of angels begins with an encounter of an angel as a messenger. Augustine sees the ... More
7. Penal law

7. Penal law  

Mashood A. Baderin

in Islamic Law: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2021
Published Online: 
Feb 2021
eISBN: 
9780191783289
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199665594.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199665594
‘Penal law’ reviews Islamic penal law, the most controversial aspect of Islamic law that often prompts heated debate about its applicability in contemporary times. Classical Islamic law ... More
Conclusions

Conclusions  

Nile Green

in Global Islam: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2021
Published Online: 
Nov 2020
eISBN: 
9780190917265
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190917234.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190917234
“Conclusions” focuses on the past and future of global Islam, beginning with the move away from Sufi leadership and ending with today’s diverse and fragmentary representations of Islam. The ... More
2. The nature of Islamic law

2. The nature of Islamic law  

Mashood A. Baderin

in Islamic Law: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2021
Published Online: 
Feb 2021
eISBN: 
9780191783289
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199665594.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199665594
‘The nature of Islamic law’ examines the nature of Islamic law, the understanding of which relates to Islamic legal theory. Many Muslims often claim that Islamic law is the ‘law of God’, in ... More
3. Theory, scope, and practice

3. Theory, scope, and practice  

Mashood A. Baderin

in Islamic Law: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2021
Published Online: 
Feb 2021
eISBN: 
9780191783289
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199665594.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199665594
‘Theory, scope, and practice’ assesses the theoretical, substantive, and procedural aspects of Islamic law. The theoretical aspect engages with the jurisprudential rules relating to the ... More
6. Law of financial transactions

6. Law of financial transactions  

Mashood A. Baderin

in Islamic Law: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2021
Published Online: 
Feb 2021
eISBN: 
9780191783289
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199665594.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199665594
‘Law of financial transactions’ studies the Islamic law of financial transactions. Islamic banking and finance is based on the general rules of contract and commerce as regulated by ... More
5. Medieval interactions (700–1500)

5. Medieval interactions (700–1500)  

Charles L. Cohen

in The Abrahamic Religions: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2020
Published Online: 
Jan 2020
eISBN: 
9780190654375
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190654344.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190654344
“Medieval interactions (700–1500)” considers the relationships among Jews, Christians, and Muslims between 700 and 1500 ce. Islam’s close association with the state influenced the ... More
The Abrahamic Religions: A Very Short Introduction

The Abrahamic Religions: A Very Short Introduction  

Charles L. Cohen

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2020
Published Online: 
Jan 2020
eISBN: 
9780190654375
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190654344.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780190654344
Connected by their mutual—if differentiated—veneration of the One God proclaimed by Abraham, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam compose a family of related traditions. The Abrahamic ... More
6. Reform and Enlightenment (1500–1900)

6. Reform and Enlightenment (1500–1900)  

Charles L. Cohen

in The Abrahamic Religions: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2020
Published Online: 
Jan 2020
eISBN: 
9780190654375
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190654344.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190654344
“Reform and Enlightenment (1500–1900)” begins in the year 1500 as Judaism, Christianity, and Islam started to define themselves within spaces shaped by the global expansion of the, mostly ... More
1. The formation of Augustine's mind: Cicero, Mani, Plato, Christ

1. The formation of Augustine's mind: Cicero, Mani, Plato, Christ  

Henry Chadwick

in Augustine: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776762
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854520.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854520
Augustine was a prolific writer. He was born in ad 354 and died in 430. He lived mostly in Roman North Africa. ‘The formation of Augustine's mind: Cicero, Mani, Plato, Christ’ looks at how ... More
7. Unity and division

7. Unity and division  

Henry Chadwick

in Augustine: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776762
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854520.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854520
After the year 303, in the aftermath of the Great Persecution under Diocletian, the African churches were divided. The Christians of Africa disagreed about whether it was right to commit ... More
2. Kingdoms

2. Kingdoms  

James R. Rush

in Southeast Asia: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2018
Published Online: 
Jun 2018
eISBN: 
9780190248796
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190248765.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190248765
By the second or third millennium bce, the people of Southeast Asia were cultivating rice, domesticating pigs, chickens, and cattle, and forming the region’s earliest settled communities in ... More

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