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Introduction: defining paganism

Introduction: defining paganism  

Owen Davies

in Paganism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777110
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199235162.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199235162
‘Introduction: defining paganism’ emphasizes that the notion of paganism, as generally understood today, was created by the early Christian Church. It was a label Christians applied to ... More
4. Divine messengers

4. Divine messengers  

David Albert Jones

in Angels: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777301
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199547302.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199547302
Angel (malach) is a Hebrew word meaning messenger. It means the same in Arabic and Greek. The tradition of angels begins with an encounter of an angel as a messenger. Augustine sees the ... More
3. An argument against the existence of God

3. An argument against the existence of God  

Stephen Law

in Humanism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777363
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199553648.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199553648
God in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam has three important characteristics: omnipotence, omniscience, and supreme benevolence. Through these three characteristics, theism is challenged by ... More
1. The sources of Christian ethics

1. The sources of Christian ethics  

D. Stephen Long

in Christian Ethics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777523
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199568864.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199568864
‘The sources of Christian ethics’ considers the term ‘ethics’ in detail and develops the sources for Christian ethics. When Christianity arrived on the scene, ‘ethics’ was already well ... More
2. Types and traditions

2. Types and traditions  

Philip Sheldrake

in Spirituality: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777981
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588756.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199588756
Spiritualties take a variety of different shapes. ‘Types and traditions’ shows a way of categorizing different forms of spirituality that can be applied across boundaries, and illustrates ... More
11. The salvation of Israel and of the world: Romans 9–11

11. The salvation of Israel and of the world: Romans 9–11  

E. P. Sanders

in Paul: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776755
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854513.003.0011
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854513
‘The salvation of Israel and of the world: Romans 9–11’ returns to Paul's fundamental theological problem: how to hold together the two dispensations, one being God's election of Israel and ... More
2. Paul's life

2. Paul's life  

E. P. Sanders

in Paul: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776755
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854513.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854513
‘Paul's life’ provides a biographical summary of Paul's career and personal characteristics, using excerpts from his letters from Corinthians and Galatians, in order to understand his role ... More
7. Righteousness by faith and being in Christ: Romans

7. Righteousness by faith and being in Christ: Romans  

E. P. Sanders

in Paul: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776755
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854513.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854513
‘Righteous by faith and being in Christ: Romans’ considers the interpretation of ‘being righteoused by faith’, ‘being in Christ Jesus’, ‘dying with Christ’, ‘dying to the law or the Flesh’, ... More
8. Christology

8. Christology  

E. P. Sanders

in Paul: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776755
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854513.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854513
‘Christology’ considers Paul's discussions of the two aspects to ‘Christology’: the person of Christ and the work of Christ. There are two streams of thought in Paul with regard to how ... More
7. The Mormon world

7. The Mormon world  

Richard Lyman Bushman

in Mormonism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365562
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780195310306.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780195310306
The end of polygamy and the achievement of Utah statehood in the 1890s altered Mormonism's relationship with the rest of the USA. For the first time, Mormons could aspire to national ... More
3. Zion

3. Zion  

Richard Lyman Bushman

in Mormonism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365562
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780195310306.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780195310306
Although the meaning of Zion has changed since the Mormons founded their first city in Missouri, it gave rise to many of Mormonism's fundamental features. ‘Zion’ identifies these as ... More
2. Paganism in retreat

2. Paganism in retreat  

Owen Davies

in Paganism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777110
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199235162.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199235162
‘Paganism in retreat’ describes the gradual Christianization of the Roman world. Missionaries were sent into the pagan territories, ideally to live amongst them. To be successful, they had ... More
7. Conclusion: leading a spiritual life

7. Conclusion: leading a spiritual life  

Philip Sheldrake

in Spirituality: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777981
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588756.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199588756
Spirituality is widespread and increasingly influential. There is a growing use of the term ‘spiritual capital’ with reference to the potential value of spirituality in everyday lives. What ... More
6. Jesus Christ

6. Jesus Christ  

David F. Ford

in Theology: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2013
Published Online: 
Oct 2013
eISBN: 
9780191779855
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199679973.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199679973
Modernity has created a huge gulf between the premodern and ourselves, making it difficult to imagine how a 1st-century person can be deeply relevant to life today. ‘Jesus Christ’ asks: How ... More
4. Living before God: worship and ethics

4. Living before God: worship and ethics  

David F. Ford

in Theology: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2013
Published Online: 
Oct 2013
eISBN: 
9780191779855
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199679973.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199679973
‘Living before God: worship and ethics’ is an introduction to thinking theologically about what it means to be human, starting from the phenomenon of worship as the key dynamic of human ... More
9. ‘Eternal law’, changing times

9. ‘Eternal law’, changing times  

Norman Solomon

in Judaism: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2014
Published Online: 
Aug 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780035
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199687350.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199687350
‘“Eternal law”, changing times’ takes a look at how poskim (rabbis who decide the law) have drawn on traditional sources to deal with contemporary issues such as abortion, artificial ... More
8. Judaism today

8. Judaism today  

Norman Solomon

in Judaism: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2014
Published Online: 
Aug 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780035
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199687350.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199687350
No religion has emerged unchanged into the 21st century. Increasing secularization of Western governments has undermined the power of religious leadership and people’s values have changed. ... More
5. From darkness to light

5. From darkness to light  

Andreas Önnerfors

in Freemasonry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2017
Published Online: 
Aug 2017
eISBN: 
9780191837364
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198796275.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198796275
The rituals of freemasonry developed during the 18th and 19th centuries and have remained unchanged in their general design. Masonic rituals take place inside (and partly outside) the lodge ... More
Literary compositions of the scrolls collections

Literary compositions of the scrolls collections  

Timothy H. Lim

in The Dead Sea Scrolls: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198779520.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
‘Literary compositions of the scrolls collections’ shows that the literary nature of the scroll collections would suggest that they originally belonged to one or more libraries rather than ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Beth Williamson

in Christian Art: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775772
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803283.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803283
‘Christian art’ is an unusual term in that it does not describe a particular style of art, period, or region, but describes art for a particular range of purposes. The Introduction outlines ... More

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