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1. The Origins and Development of Archaeology

1. The Origins and Development of Archaeology  

Paul Bahn

in Archaeology: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778315
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199657438.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199657438
It is part of human nature to be interested in the past. The earliest known ‘archaeologist’ was Nabonidus, a 6th-century bc king of Babylon. The term itself was invented in the 17th ... More
3. The archaeology of religious practice at the time of the Druids

3. The archaeology of religious practice at the time of the Druids  

Barry Cunliffe

in Druids: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777233
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199539406.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199539406
‘The archaeology of religious practice at the time of the Druids’ considers a range of archaeological data relevant to the intellectual life and belief systems of the inhabitants of Gaul ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Christopher Smith

in The Etruscans: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2014
Published Online: 
May 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779817
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199547913.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199547913
The Introduction explains who the Etruscans were and puts them in a historical context. Where did they come from and why was their language so unusual? For 500 years, from around 400 to 900 ... More
8. Etruscan religion

8. Etruscan religion  

Christopher Smith

in The Etruscans: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2014
Published Online: 
May 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779817
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199547913.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199547913
‘Etruscan religion’ aims to shed light on the apparent ‘mysterious origins’ of Etruscan religious practices. Evidence of sanctuaries and temples shows lavish architecture expenditure from ... More
2. The European theatre

2. The European theatre  

Barry Cunliffe

in Druids: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777233
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199539406.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199539406
There has been a tendency to regard druidism as a largely western European phenomenon of the late Iron Age, partly because La Tène material culture is found in all the areas in which the ... More
1. The beginnings of British history

1. The beginnings of British history  

Peter Salway

in Roman Britain: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
May 2015
Published Online: 
May 2015
eISBN: 
9780191780721
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198712169.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198712169
The origins of Britain stretch back to before the Roman period. By the time of the Roman conquest, the culture of Britain had around fifteen hundred to two thousand years of development ... More
10. Britons and Romans

10. Britons and Romans  

Barry Cunliffe

in The Celts: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775901
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804181.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804181
According to ‘Britons and Romans’, Classical authors perceived the inhabitants of Britain and Ireland as differing significantly from those of Gaul. To Caesar, while the Britons and the ... More
2. A view from the Mediterranean

2. A view from the Mediterranean  

Barry Cunliffe

in The Celts: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775901
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804181.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804181
‘A view from the Mediterranean’ shows the changing image of the Celts in ancient times. Knowledge of the Celts was limited until the fourth century BC, when they appeared as migrants, ... More
3. A little prehistory: the Atlantic longue durée

3. A little prehistory: the Atlantic longue durée  

Barry Cunliffe

in The Celts: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775901
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804181.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804181
‘A little prehistory‘ comments that the Classical writers regarded the Celts as among the westernmost peoples of Europe. Atlantic Europe is a cohesive region, the ocean and great rivers ... More
9. Gauls and Romans

9. Gauls and Romans  

Barry Cunliffe

in The Celts: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775901
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804181.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804181
‘Gauls and Romans’ observes that, by the time of Caesar's involvement in Gaul, the Romanizing process in the south was already sixty years old and lucrative trading networks existed. When ... More
1. ‘At my signal unleash hell’: the Western Way of War?

1. ‘At my signal unleash hell’: the Western Way of War?  

Harry Sidebottom

in Ancient Warfare: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776045
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804709.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804709
Popular culture depicts the Romans fighting the ‘Western Way of War’ where the aim is an open, decisive battle, which is won with courage and discipline. The other side are portrayed as ... More
2. Months and years

2. Months and years  

Leofranc Holford-Strevens

in The History of Time: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776076
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804990.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804990
‘Months and years’ discusses lunar and solar calendars, which are based on the period of the moon's revolution round the earth (the month) and the earth's revolution round the sun (the ... More
3. Prehistory and history of the modern calendar

3. Prehistory and history of the modern calendar  

Leofranc Holford-Strevens

in The History of Time: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776076
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804990.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804990
‘Prehistory and history of the modern calendar’ describes the stages of creation that led to the Roman Republican calendar, universally known and almost universally used today, which is a ... More
11. Interlude: the story so far

11. Interlude: the story so far  

Barry Cunliffe

in The Celts: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775901
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804181.003.0011
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804181
‘Interlude: the story so far’ reviews the case for a distinctively Celtic entity. Although a strong thread of cultural persistence runs through west European prehistory, reducing it all to ... More
16. So, who were the Celts?

16. So, who were the Celts?  

Barry Cunliffe

in The Celts: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775901
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804181.003.0016
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804181
At one level, the concept of Celt is a belief that underpins sense of self and of inheritance. ‘So who were the Celts?’ points out that the Celts are always being reinvented. By a strict ... More
7. Telling stories

7. Telling stories  

Barry Cunliffe

in The Celts: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775901
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804181.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804181
Listening to the tales of storytellers played a crucial part in most societies. There is a presumption that the stories should retain their integrity and form, but they inevitably evolve ... More
4. Enter the Druids: the first contacts

4. Enter the Druids: the first contacts  

Barry Cunliffe

in Druids: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777233
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199539406.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199539406
‘Enter the Druids: the first contacts’ observes that information about the Druids in the surviving Greek and Roman sources is tantalizing and fragmentary. The material is biased, ... More
9. The Roman conquest

9. The Roman conquest  

Christopher Smith

in The Etruscans: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2014
Published Online: 
May 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779817
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199547913.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199547913
‘The Roman conquest’ describes the impact of the Roman imperialist expansion into Etruria on the people of the region. The conquest was part of a much broader drive towards domination by ... More
11. Imperial epilogue

11. Imperial epilogue  

Christopher Smith

in The Etruscans: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2014
Published Online: 
May 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779817
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199547913.003.0012
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199547913
‘Imperial epilogue’ looks at the demise of the Etruscan era and analyses when it actually happened and what we can glean from evidence. Land redistributions, the transformation of the ... More
10. So, who were the Druids?

10. So, who were the Druids?  

Barry Cunliffe

in Druids: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777233
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199539406.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199539406
The elite class of ‘the wise’ — Bards, Vates, and Druids — was rapidly changing in the early 1st millennium AD — even in Ireland, where the impact of the Roman world was slight. Changes in ... More

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