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1. A brief history

1. A brief history  

David J. Hand

in Measurement: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2016
Published Online: 
Oct 2016
eISBN: 
9780191824609
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198779568.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198779568
‘A brief history’ shows that measurement is at least as old as civilization. Different systems and different units of measurement were developed in different places, with the physical size ... More
1. Why?

1. Why?  

Glen Van Brummelen

in Trigonometry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2020
Published Online: 
Jan 2020
eISBN: 
9780191851896
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198814313.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198814313
‘Why?’ considers some of the mathematical problems faced by scientists in the past: Hipparchus of Rhodes trying to predict the times of eclipses; Maurice Bressieu, the 16th-century French ... More
2. The quest for low temperatures

2. The quest for low temperatures  

Stephen Blundell

in Superconductivity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777240
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199540907.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199540907
The origins of superconductivity can be traced back to the early 19th century and the work of Michael Faraday. Although he is famous for his work on electromagnetism, it was Faraday's ... More
3. The discovery of superconductivity

3. The discovery of superconductivity  

Stephen Blundell

in Superconductivity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777240
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199540907.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199540907
The eventual winner of the race to make liquid helium was Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, and because of this, he was also to be the discoverer of superconductivity. Working on the principles ... More
1. A richly furnished mind

1. A richly furnished mind  

J. L. Heilbron

in Niels Bohr: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2020
Published Online: 
Jan 2020
eISBN: 
9780191859861
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198819264.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198819264
Niels Bohr was born in Copenhagen in 1885. ‘A richly furnished mind’ describes the Christian and Jewish elements of his childhood and upbringing, and his relationship with his fiancée ... More
1. What is superconductivity?

1. What is superconductivity?  

Stephen Blundell

in Superconductivity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777240
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199540907.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199540907
When Kamerlingh Onnes, working in his Leiden laboratory in 1911, discovered a strange phenomenon affecting the properties of mercury at very low temperatures, he christened it ... More
Michael Faraday: A Very Short Introduction

Michael Faraday: A Very Short Introduction  

Frank A.J.L James

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777646
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199574315.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199574315
Michael Faraday: A Very Short Introduction explores the life of one of the best-known scientific figures of the nineteenth century. Faraday's achievements — his discovery of ... More
5. Magnetism, matter, and space

5. Magnetism, matter, and space  

Frank A. J. L. James

in Michael Faraday: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777646
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199574315.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199574315
By the 1840s Faraday was considering the problems associated with magnetism, the nature of matter, and expanding his work on convertible forces. In ‘Magnetism, matter, and space’ his ... More
2. A career in science

2. A career in science  

Frank A. J. L. James

in Michael Faraday: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777646
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199574315.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199574315
Faraday's decision to pursue a career in science was unusual at this period. His attendance at the public lectures of John Tatum was his entry to a world of scientists and it was through ... More
3. Do you believe in models? Simplicity and complexity

3. Do you believe in models? Simplicity and complexity  

Alain Goriely

in Applied Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2018
Published Online: 
Feb 2018
eISBN: 
9780191815805
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198754046.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198754046
Models are central to the world of applied mathematics. In its simplest sense, a model is an abstract representation of a system developed in order to answer specific questions or gain ... More
Measurement: A Very Short Introduction

Measurement: A Very Short Introduction  

David J. Hand

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2016
Published Online: 
Oct 2016
eISBN: 
9780191824609
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198779568.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198779568
Measurement is a fundamental concept central to the sciences, social sciences, medicine, economics, government, and indeed also to everyday life. The history of measurement goes back to the ... More
The zenith of the mathematical seaman

The zenith of the mathematical seaman  

Jim Bennett

in Navigation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2017
Published Online: 
Feb 2017
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198733713.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
New solutions to the longitude problem led to a revision of the whole approach to the practice of navigation. ‘The zenith of the mathematical seaman’ explains that position would still be ... More
5. Classical physics and its cure

5. Classical physics and its cure  

J. L. Heilbron

in The History of Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2018
eISBN: 
9780191782435
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199684120.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199684120
During the 19th century, physics became a recognized profession and its practitioners ‘physicists’. It and they acquired special training facilities in universities and technical schools ... More
Superconductivity: A Very Short Introduction

Superconductivity: A Very Short Introduction  

Stephen J. Blundell

Print Publication Year: 
May 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777240
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199540907.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199540907
Superconductivity: A Very Short Introduction offers a brief account of the history, significance and theories of superconductivity. Discovered by Dutch physicist Heike ... More
2. Deep time

2. Deep time  

Martin Redfern

in The Earth: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775734
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803078.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803078
‘Deep time’ examines the importance of not just the spatial dimensions of Earth but time and story of Earth's history. The theories of Earth's history are traced from biblical history to ... More

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