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9. The Koran as truth

9. The Koran as truth  

Michael Cook

in The Koran: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776311
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853448.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853448
The Koran presents God's speech as sacred and unfailingly true. These truths play a part in many aspects of Muslim literature and life, on both formal and informal levels. ‘The Koran as ... More
4. Divine messengers

4. Divine messengers  

David Albert Jones

in Angels: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777301
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199547302.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199547302
Angel (malach) is a Hebrew word meaning messenger. It means the same in Arabic and Greek. The tradition of angels begins with an encounter of an angel as a messenger. Augustine sees the ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Peter Adamson

in Philosophy in the Islamic World: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2015
Published Online: 
Sep 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785429
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199683673.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199683673
The ‘Introduction’ explains that the beginning of philosophy in the Islamic world is seen as lying with a translation movement that began more than 200 years after the age of the Prophet ... More
8. Foreknowledge and freedom (Boethius and Gersonides)

8. Foreknowledge and freedom (Boethius and Gersonides)  

John Marenbon

in Medieval Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191781216
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199663224.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199663224
Most people take it for granted that some future events are contingent, but ‘Foreknowledge and freedom (Boethius and Gersonides)’ considers the ‘problem of prescience’, which arises when an ... More
1. What is agnosticism?

1. What is agnosticism?  

Robin Le Poidevin

in Agnosticism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777684
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199575268.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199575268
‘What is agnosticism?’ examines where agnosticism sits in the spectrum of beliefs about God. What is agnosticism's response to the question ‘Does God exist?’ Clearly, ‘we don't know’ is not ... More
3. Summa Theologiae: First Part

3. Summa Theologiae: First Part  

Fergus Kerr

in Thomas Aquinas: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777387
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199556649.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199556649
God is the main subject in ‘Summa Theologiae: First Part’, a massive work of Catholic Christian theology. The study of theology is compared with that of philosophy, with faith fulfilling ... More
6. Heavenly hosts

6. Heavenly hosts  

David Albert Jones

in Angels: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777301
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199547302.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199547302
What is the significance of Jacob's vision of a ladder between heaven and earth? Why does it occur in a dream? This idea of ascending and descending on Jacob's ladder is a frequently used ... More
Angels: A Very Short Introduction

Angels: A Very Short Introduction  

David Albert Jones

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777301
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199547302.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199547302
Angels: A Very Short Introduction outlines prominent stories and speculations about angels in Judaism, Islam, Christianity, and post-Christian spiritualties. What are angels? ... More
1. A brief history of angels

1. A brief history of angels  

David Albert Jones

in Angels: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777301
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199547302.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199547302
The story of Abraham and the angels is one of the first mentions of angels in the Hebrew scriptures. The story is over three thousand years old. There are many renditions of this story and ... More
3. What is an angel?

3. What is an angel?  

David Albert Jones

in Angels: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777301
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199547302.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199547302
Angels are not gods, they are spiritual servants of a single Creator. Some historians argue that belief in angels represents a compromise with polytheism. There is a common agreement that ... More
5. Ministering spirits

5. Ministering spirits  

David Albert Jones

in Angels: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777301
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199547302.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199547302
‘Ministering spirits’ relates the story of Archangel Raphael to the image of an angel. Why is the story of Raphael as told in the book of Tobit not in some Bibles? It finds a place in Roman ... More
3. The religions of AbrahamJewish understandings of God

3. The religions of Abraham: Jewish understandings of God  

John Bowker

in God: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2014
Published Online: 
Sep 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781223
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198708957.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198708957
‘The religions of Abraham: Jewish understandings of God’ looks at Judaism in detail and the foundations in the Biblical period in order to show how the distinctive Jewish understandings of ... More
2. A map of earlier medieval philosophy

2. A map of earlier medieval philosophy  

John Marenbon

in Medieval Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191781216
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199663224.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199663224
‘A map of earlier medieval philosophy’ outlines the development of medieval philosophy in its different traditions beginning with the Platonic schools of late antiquity. The five ... More
7. Speaking of God

7. Speaking of God  

Tim Bayne

in Philosophy of Religion: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2018
Published Online: 
Feb 2018
eISBN: 
9780191816444
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198754961.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198754961
Language plays many roles in religious thought and practice, but philosophers of religion are most interested in the doctrinal uses of language. ‘Speaking of God’ considers both realism and ... More
1. From Pentecost to Christopher Columbus (ad 30–1492)

1. From Pentecost to Christopher Columbus (ad 30–1492)  

Gerald O’Collins

in Catholicism: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
May 2017
Published Online: 
May 2017
eISBN: 
9780191838521
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198796855.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198796855
‘From Pentecost to Christopher Columbus’ traces the origins and early development of the Catholic Church. Early Christianity was characterized by missionary outreach, ordained bishops, the ... More
1. A historical whirlwind tour

1. A historical whirlwind tour  

Peter Adamson

in Philosophy in the Islamic World: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2015
Published Online: 
Sep 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785429
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199683673.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199683673
‘A historical whirlwind tour’ outlines philosophical thinking in the Islamic world, which spread from the Iberian peninsula in the West to the Indian and Chinese borders in the East. It ... More
Medieval Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Medieval Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction  

John Marenbon

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191781216
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199663224.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199663224
Medieval philosophy is one of the most exciting and diversified periods in the history of thought. Introducing the coexisting strands of Christian, Muslim, and Jewish philosophy, Medieval ... More
2. Background

2. Background  

Roger Scruton

in Spinoza: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775758
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803160.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803160
Spinoza did not think in a historical vacuum or without reference to conceptions whose meaning has clouded with time and whose plausibility is no longer obvious. ‘Background’ looks at what ... More
3. A map of later medieval philosophy

3. A map of later medieval philosophy  

John Marenbon

in Medieval Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191781216
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199663224.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199663224
‘A map of later medieval philosophy’ charts the development of medieval philosophy from the year 1200, which marks an important break across all four traditions, to the 17th century. Latin ... More

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