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1. Engels and Marx

1. Engels and Marx  

Terrell Carver

in Engels: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776021
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804662.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804662
‘Engels and Marx’ sets out the need to assess Engels' ideas in their own right. Although Engels was the junior partner in the most famous intellectual collaboration of all time, he was more ... More
1. Future and past

1. Future and past  

Stephen Lovell

in The Soviet Union: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777165
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199238484.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199238484
‘Future and past’ examines the Soviet Union's own sense of its historical trajectory. Marxism provided a theory of revolution and economic development, one which Lenin accelerated through ... More
4. Alienation and reification

4. Alienation and reification  

Stephen Eric Bronner

in Critical Theory: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2017
Published Online: 
Oct 2017
eISBN: 
9780190692704
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190692674.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190692674
‘Alienation and reification’ explores the concepts of alienation and reification in Karl Marx's Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844, and how this affected 20th century Western ... More
4. Enter the proletariat

4. Enter the proletariat  

Peter Singer

in Marx: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780191860652
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198821076.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198821076
In 1844, Marx published an article called ‘Towards a Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right: Introduction’, which stands as a milestone in the road to Marxism. This is where Marx first ... More
10. Conclusion: why politics can’t do without ideology

10. Conclusion: why politics can’t do without ideology  

Michael Freeden

in Ideology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775673
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802811.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802811
If discourse, emotion, criticism, culture all intersect with the concept of ideology and claim it for their own, can politics still declare a prior vested interest in ideology? Can ... More
9. Writer

9. Writer  

Jonathan Culler

in Barthes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775369
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801593.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801593
When Barthes looks back on his work in Barthes par Barthes, he sees not a critic nor a semiologist but a writer.‘Writer’ examines Barthes the writer and his reflections upon writing. In ... More
2. Literary historian

2. Literary historian  

Jonathan Culler

in Barthes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775369
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801593.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801593
‘Literary historian’ explores why Barthes was interested in history. By showing when and how various practices came into being, historical study works to demystify the ideology of a ... More
1. Habermas and Frankfurt School critical theory

1. Habermas and Frankfurt School critical theory  

James Gordon Finlayson

in Habermas: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776274
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192840950.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192840950
Habermas is known for being at the forefront of the second generation of Frankfurt School theorists. His work is an on-going response to the critical theory of the first generation of ... More
5. Habermas's theory of modernity

5. Habermas's theory of modernity  

James Gordon Finlayson

in Habermas: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776274
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192840950.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192840950
In addition to the systematic side of Habermas's philosophy there is an historic side. He takes from the likes of Hegel, Marx, and hermeneutic philosophy that both the objects and ... More
1. Camus, son of France in Algeria

1. Camus, son of France in Algeria  

Oliver Gloag

in Albert Camus: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Feb 2020
eISBN: 
9780191834721
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198792970.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198792970
To grasp fully and appreciate Camus’s achievements and the ambiguity of his works, it is important to consider the historical situation that shaped his formative years. Albert Camus ... More
5. What sociology is not

5. What sociology is not  

Steve Bruce

in Sociology: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2018
Published Online: 
Sep 2018
eISBN: 
9780191861826
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198822967.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198822967
‘What sociology is not’ considers how sociology should differ from related and apparently similar enterprises. Although sociology owes much to reformers and many sociologists derive their ... More
11. Is Marx still relevant?

11. Is Marx still relevant?  

Peter Singer

in Marx: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780191860652
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198821076.003.0011
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198821076
By the early 20th century, Marxism was the dominant ideology of the left, especially in Europe. Marxism spread significantly around the world after the two world wars, but Marx’s prominence ... More
8. Economics

8. Economics  

Peter Singer

in Marx: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780191860652
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198821076.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198821076
‘Economics’ considers Marx’s economic theories as outlined in Capital, which he regarded as his masterpiece. Marx believed that the capitalist economic system, regarded by the classical ... More
5. The first Marxism

5. The first Marxism  

Peter Singer

in Marx: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780191860652
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198821076.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198821076
Marx had developed two important ideas: that economics is the chief form of human alienation and that the material force needed to liberate humanity from its domination by the capitalist ... More
7. The goal of history

7. The goal of history  

Peter Singer

in Marx: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780191860652
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198821076.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198821076
According to Marx, it is the powers of production—the ‘productive forces’—which give rise to relations of production, and these relations constitute the economic structure of society. ‘The ... More
3. Politics

3. Politics  

Gary Gutting

in Foucault: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2019
Published Online: 
Sep 2019
eISBN: 
9780191868849
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198830788.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198830788
It is difficult to classify Foucault in political terms and he was quite proud of that. ‘Politics’ explains that Foucault, like many other intellectuals of his generation, grew up in the ... More
5. Patriotism and multinationalism

5. Patriotism and multinationalism  

Stephen Lovell

in The Soviet Union: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777165
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199238484.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199238484
‘Patriotism and multinationalism’ analyses Soviet efforts to combine one strong state with a multiplicity of ethnic and linguistic groups. Ethnicity was a matter of personal identity, as ... More
Conclusion

Conclusion  

S. A. Smith

in The Russian Revolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776502
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853950.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853950
The Conclusion looks at various interpretations of the rise of the Soviet Union. Does ideology constitute the key to understanding the development of Soviet totalitarianism? What elements ... More
8. Discursive realities and surrealities

8. Discursive realities and surrealities  

Michael Freeden

in Ideology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775673
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802811.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802811
Ideological fragmentation and malleability has led to new developments in the theory of ideology. ‘Discursive realities and surrealities’ examines the differing responses to these ... More
3. New Lefts—enrichment and fragmentation

3. New Lefts—enrichment and fragmentation  

Michael Newman

in Socialism: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2020
Published Online: 
Sep 2020
eISBN: 
9780191873690
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198836421.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198836421
In the second half of the twentieth century, new movements grew up that were not necessarily socialist but inspired by new intellectual influences combined with older traditions, such as ... More

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