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Introduction

Introduction  

Bernard Crick

in Democracy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775574
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802507.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802507
Democracy has been described as ‘an essentially contested concept’. It is one of those terms scholars can never agree on how to define because the definition itself carries with it social, ... More
2. What should I do?Plato’s Crito

2. What should I do?: Plato’s Crito  

Edward Craig

in Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776700
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854216.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854216
Plato was the first important philosopher of ancient Greek civilization who left behind a substantial body of complete works. There is much of philosophy that pre-dates Plato, such as the ... More
1. The Visit

1. The Visit  

Mary Beard and John Henderson

in Classics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776458
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853851.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853851
‘The Visit’ explains what is meant by ‘Classics’ using a visit to the British Museum and the frieze from the Apollo Temple at Bassae. Classics is a subject that exists in that gap between ... More
2. Plato's name, and other matters

2. Plato's name, and other matters  

Julia Annas

in Plato: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775505
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802163.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802163
We do not have independent access to Plato's individual personality as we do for more recent philosophers. In the dialogues he never speaks in his own voice. ‘Plato's name, and other ... More
1. Arguing with Plato

1. Arguing with Plato  

Julia Annas

in Plato: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775505
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802163.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802163
‘Arguing with Plato’ explores the themes of knowledge and belief in Plato's dialogue the Theaetetus, in which Socrates shows faults in all of the accounts of knowledge suggested by young ... More
4. The poet in the poems

4. The poet in the poems  

Barbara Graziosi

in Homer: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2019
Published Online: 
Mar 2019
eISBN: 
9780191785238
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199589944.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199589944
There is little evidence about the person or people responsible for the composition of the Iliad and the Odyssey. Within the epics themselves, however, the voice of the narrator can clearly ... More
Conclusion: the future of free speech

Conclusion: the future of free speech  

Nigel Warburton

in Free Speech: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777080
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199232352.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199232352
The Conclusion looks to how the free speech debate will continue in the future. So long as we continue to recognise free speech's importance to democracy, then the hope is that we feel ... More
2. What is a circle?

2. What is a circle?  

Stephen Mumford

in Metaphysics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778308
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199657124.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199657124
‘What is a circle?’ considers what is common to the objects that are circular. It is circularity, which to some is an example of a property: a feature or quality of a particular. But does ... More
1. Humans and beasts: understanding ourselves

1. Humans and beasts: understanding ourselves  

Julia Annas

in Ancient Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776359
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853578.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853578
How do we decide between two courses of action? How can anger, or any other emotion or feeling, get someone to go against what they have deliberately resolved to do? ‘Humans and beasts: ... More
1. The Man and His Work

1. The Man and His Work  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
‘The man and his work’ describes Aristotle as a scholar whose scientific explorations were as wide-ranging as his philosophical speculations were profound; a teacher who enchanted and ... More
13. Empiricism

13. Empiricism  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0013
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
‘Empiricism’ stresses that, for Aristotle, knowledge or science ultimately derives from perception. That is the source of the concepts in terms of which we seek to understand reality. ... More
16. Evidence and Theory

16. Evidence and Theory  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0016
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
‘Evidence and Theory’ argues that Aristotle’s account of the world is wholly exploded, mostly because sixteenth- and seventeenth-century scientists applied quantitative methods in studying ... More
8. Knowledge

8. Knowledge  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
Whereas the Prior Analytics derives the theorems of a science from its axioms, the Posterior Analytics is concerned with the nature of the axioms themselves, and hence the general form of ... More
10. Reality

10. Reality  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
Science is about real things. That is what makes it knowledge rather than fantasy. But what things are real? What are the fundamental items with which science is concerned? That is the ... More
11. Change

11. Change  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0011
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
Unlike Plato’s Forms, which are eternal and unchanging, Aristotle’s substances are temporary and undergo alterations. Aristotle considered there to be four types of change: in respect of ... More
15. Psychology

15. Psychology  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0015
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
One important distinction within the natural world is that some natural substances are alive and others inanimate. The former are distinguished from the latter by their possession of a soul ... More
2. The Classical Greeks: How to be a Citizen

2. The Classical Greeks: How to be a Citizen  

Kenneth Minogue

in Politics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776472
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853882.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853882
‘The Classical Greeks’ examines the structure of Greek politics and discusses the views of Socrates, Aristotle, Plato, Thucidides, and Solon. The concepts of citizenship, democracy, and ... More
3. The origins of the schoolStoicism and Plato

3. The origins of the school: Stoicism and Plato  

Brad Inwood

in Stoicism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2018
Published Online: 
Jul 2018
eISBN: 
9780191828973
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198786665.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198786665
The earliest Stoics shared a great deal with Plato and his followers, so why didn’t the early Stoics just join Plato’s Academy? The problem was metaphysics. Plato’s most distinctive ... More
5. Some themes

5. Some themes  

Edward Craig

in Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776700
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854216.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854216
To what extent can a question be legitimately considered in abstraction from the historical contexts in which it was raised? ‘Some themes’ considers this question by examining a number of ... More
4. Morality and its Discontents

4. Morality and its Discontents  

Michael Tanner

in Nietzsche: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776670
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854148.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854148
Nietzsche's fundamental concern throughout his life was to plot the relationship between suffering and culture, or cultures. ‘Morality and its Discontents’ shows that correlative with this ... More

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