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2. Africans: diversity and unity

2. Africans: diversity and unity  

John Parker and Richard Rathbone

in African History: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775567
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802484.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802484
Shifting perceptions of Africa, as well as scholarly debates about the meaning of those perceptions, are about the people. ‘Africans: diversity and unity’ considers the meaning of the term ... More
1. What is English?

1. What is English?  

Simon Horobin

in The English Language: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2018
eISBN: 
9780191785443
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198709251.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198709251
Over 1 billion people speak English either as their first or second language. Are all these people speaking the same language, or are we witnessing the emergence of new Englishes? English ... More
4. Standards

4. Standards  

Simon Horobin

in The English Language: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2018
eISBN: 
9780191785443
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198709251.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198709251
Standard English is a fixed variety, intolerant of variation, and is used throughout the population of English users, irrespective of geography. Where did Standard English come from, how ... More
6. Global Englishes

6. Global Englishes  

Simon Horobin

in The English Language: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2018
eISBN: 
9780191785443
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198709251.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198709251
A major reason for the huge expansion in English speakers was the colonization of America. As the migration process continued throughout the seventeenth century, the discrete dialect ... More
8. The lexicography of slang: slang’s dictionaries

8. The lexicography of slang: slang’s dictionaries  

Jonathon Green

in Slang: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2016
Published Online: 
Feb 2016
eISBN: 
9780191796418
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198729532.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198729532
‘The lexicography of slang: slang’s dictionaries’ considers the slang-related texts that make up the slang lexicographical ‘canon’. Traditional English-language slang lexicography can be ... More
3. Africa’s past: historical sources

3. Africa’s past: historical sources  

John Parker and Richard Rathbone

in African History: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775567
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802484.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802484
Historians of Africa face many of the same challenges as historians of other geographical areas. ‘Africa's past: historical sources’ shows how historians of Africa have been pioneers in the ... More
5. Colonialism in Africa

5. Colonialism in Africa  

John Parker and Richard Rathbone

in African History: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775567
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802484.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802484
The period of colonial rule in Africa came late and did not last very long. Africa was conquered by European imperial powers in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. By the 1960s, it was ... More
8. The descent into hell

8. The descent into hell  

Nick Groom

in The Gothic: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777905
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199586790.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199586790
‘The descent into hell’ puts the ‘Gothic’ literature of this time into the political and social context of that era, a time of upheaval. The century after the end of the 1760s saw a huge ... More
7. Shakespeare and dramatic literature

7. Shakespeare and dramatic literature  

Jonathan Bate

in English Literature: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777578
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199569267.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199569267
How can we best appreciate Shakespeare's texts? Should they only be seen, or in contrast, only be read? ‘Shakespeare and dramatic literature’ considers this issue. Some argue that the ... More
2. Practical letters

2. Practical letters  

Paul Luna

in Typography: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2018
Published Online: 
Nov 2018
eISBN: 
9780191796739
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199211296.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199211296
Written communication cannot rely on only one style of letter to function. A single alphabet might suffice if we were looking at Roman inscriptions, but in any kind of modern publication, ... More
5. Tragedy

5. Tragedy  

Ritchie Robertson

in Goethe: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785764
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689255.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689255
Goethe lived in a great age of tragedy-writing. Goethe’s place in this tradition is assured by his most famous work, Faust; its two parts are subtitled respectively the First and Second ... More
2. History

2. History  

Lynda Mugglestone

in Dictionaries: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777639
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199573790.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199573790
From a global perspective, the history of dictionaries spans thousands of years. Long before printing, scribal culture engaged with the various ways in which the knowledge of words might be ... More
4. Authority

4. Authority  

Lynda Mugglestone

in Dictionaries: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777639
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199573790.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199573790
‘Authority’ examines the narratives of legitimation entrenched in popular attitudes towards dictionaries. They are often constructed as gatekeepers, selectively admitting words because they ... More
6. Last words

6. Last words  

Lynda Mugglestone

in Dictionaries: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777639
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199573790.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199573790
Modern dictionaries (and dictionary-making) are widely affected by the digital revolution. How the dictionary is to be used, as well as how it is to be written, and by whom, emerge as new ... More
7. The sixties

7. The sixties  

Nick Groom

in The Gothic: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777905
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199586790.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199586790
Between the 17th and 18th centuries, the Gothic developed into three main strands: a political strand with Whiggist tendencies; a mediaeval strand in terms of manners and national identity; ... More
5. Varieties

5. Varieties  

Simon Horobin

in The English Language: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2018
eISBN: 
9780191785443
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198709251.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198709251
‘Varieties’ investigates how language varies according to region, discussing regional and social dialects, and how language varies according to use. It considers how Scots, one of several ... More
The English Language: A Very Short Introduction

The English Language: A Very Short Introduction  

Simon Horobin

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2018
eISBN: 
9780191785443
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198709251.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198709251
The English language is spoken by more than a billion people throughout the world. But where did English come from? And how has it evolved into the language used today? The English ... More
3. Authorities

3. Authorities  

Simon Horobin

in The English Language: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2018
eISBN: 
9780191785443
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198709251.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198709251
‘Authorities’ considers how the rules of usage are established. It first describes the role of dictionaries, frequently held to be the ultimate authority. It then discusses linguistic ... More
IntroductionAbolitionist agitation in a world of slavery and pain

Introduction: Abolitionist agitation in a world of slavery and pain  

Richard S. Newman

in Abolitionism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2018
Published Online: 
Aug 2018
eISBN: 
9780190914035
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190213220.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190213220
This brief survey of abolitionism focuses mostly on Anglo-American reformers in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, but it also surveys Atlantic-wide movements that began with slave ... More
9. The Englishness of English Literature?

9. The Englishness of English Literature?  

Jonathan Bate

in English Literature: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777578
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199569267.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199569267
English literature: the home of nostalgia, belonging, sceptical accommodation, dissent, ridicule, self-hatred, rebellion, and alienation. ‘The Englishness of English Literature?’ examines ... More

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