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Introduction: defining paganism

Introduction: defining paganism  

Owen Davies

in Paganism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777110
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199235162.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199235162
‘Introduction: defining paganism’ emphasizes that the notion of paganism, as generally understood today, was created by the early Christian Church. It was a label Christians applied to ... More
5. Justice

5. Justice  

Malcolm Gaskill

in Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777158
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199236954.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199236954
The early church did not execute witches, seeing them as reformable, but in the Middle Ages the campaign against heresy intensified. Reliance on secular power to kill diabolists was ... More
1. Origins of the Goths

1. Origins of the Goths  

Nick Groom

in The Gothic: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777905
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199586790.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199586790
‘Origins of the Goths’ charts the history of the Goths. There have been many theories on the development of the Gothic race, their influence in history, and their religious beliefs. The ... More
6. Rage

6. Rage  

Malcolm Gaskill

in Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777158
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199236954.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199236954
In first half of the 17th century, Europe was especially prone to witch-panics fuelled by war, rebellion and economic crisis. Rather than allaying fears, witch-hunts spread them. ‘Rage’ ... More
8. Culture

8. Culture  

Malcolm Gaskill

in Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777158
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199236954.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199236954
Witches are archetypes, stored inside individuals but originating in shared cultural sources and activated by similar experiences and emotions. The stereotype of the historic and folkloric ... More
7. Culture

7. Culture  

Rab Houston

in Scotland: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777059
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199230792.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199230792
‘Culture’ examines the languages, festivals, art, architecture, literature, poetry, film, sport, and music of Scotland. What was the original language of Britain, when did Gaelic become the ... More
2. Protestant Christendom

2. Protestant Christendom  

Mark A. Noll

in Protestantism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777455
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199560974.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199560974
From early in the 16th century and into the 18th, most Protestants saw themselves as continuing the reform of European Christendom. They took for granted the norms of ‘Christendom’. Europe ... More
3. Politics, Law, and Religion in the Early Middle Ages

3. Politics, Law, and Religion in the Early Middle Ages  

John Gillingham and Ralph A. Griffiths

in Medieval Britain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776564
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854025.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854025
Wales in the eleventh century was a group of small kingdoms without stable borders. They changed in accordance with law and politics. The English kings had done little to impose military ... More
6. The global communion

6. The global communion  

Mark Chapman

in Anglicanism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2006
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776243
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192806932.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192806932
‘The Global Communion’ examines how overseas expansion raised challenges to central authority under the supremacy of the King of England. Even in the seventeenth century, the Scottish and ... More
Calvinism: A Very Short Introduction

Calvinism: A Very Short Introduction  

Jon Balserak

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2016
Published Online: 
Dec 2016
eISBN: 
9780191815263
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198753711.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198753711
Calvinism: A Very Short Introduction explores major ideas associated with the Calvinist system of thought. Beginning during the Protestant Reformation in cities like Zurich, ... More
4. Truth

4. Truth  

Malcolm Gaskill

in Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777158
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199236954.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199236954
The history of witchcraft shows that knowledge was determined by institutions and ideologies. ‘Truth’ explains that knowledge was political, and so therefore was witchcraft. Even among the ... More
3. Malice

3. Malice  

Malcolm Gaskill

in Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777158
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199236954.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199236954
‘Malice’ argues that, while the Scientific Revolution is credited with ending belief in witchcraft, the Industrial Revolution was equally significant, delivering a liberating prosperity. A ... More
5. Fundamentalism and nationalism I

5. Fundamentalism and nationalism I  

Malise Ruthven

in Fundamentalism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776953
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199212705.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199212705
Theoretically, fundamentalism and nationalism are ideological opponents. In much of the formal discourse, religion stands at the opposite side to nationalism, which states that nationalism ... More
3. Pietists, the American colonies, evangelicals, and the Enlightenment

3. Pietists, the American colonies, evangelicals, and the Enlightenment  

Mark A. Noll

in Protestantism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777455
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199560974.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199560974
Between the mid-16th century and the rise of Napoleon (1790s), European Protestantism went through a period of upheaval. The Protestant willingness to challenge received traditions ... More
3. The iconoclasts

3. The iconoclasts  

Nick Groom

in The Gothic: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777905
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199586790.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199586790
A significant moment in Gothic history comes with the Reformation. This left a developing sense of national uniqueness with a destructive attitude to the past. The puritanical zeal that had ... More
The Devil: A Very Short Introduction

The Devil: A Very Short Introduction  

Darren Oldridge

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777776
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199580996.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199580996
Focussing specifically on the Christian Devil, The Devil: A Very Short Introduction explores the many guises and roles he played in the Bible. He has fascinated writers and theologians ... More
1. Introduction

1. Introduction  

Darren Oldridge

in The Devil: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777776
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199580996.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199580996
The ‘Introduction’ explores the Devil's identity. Is he the evil in all of us? Or a metaphor for pain and destruction? In the Judaeo-Christian tradition, he is a living being who ... More
4. Church

4. Church  

Jon Balserak

in Calvinism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2016
Published Online: 
Dec 2016
eISBN: 
9780191815263
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198753711.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198753711
Calvinists believe Adam and Eve were the first church, established by God following their fall into sin in the Garden of Eden. Since that beginning, God has always maintained his church, ... More
8. God and hell

8. God and hell  

Jon Balserak

in Calvinism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2016
Published Online: 
Dec 2016
eISBN: 
9780191815263
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198753711.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198753711
According to Calvinists, hell is part of God’s design. In fact, the doctrine of hell has recently been defended quite vigorously by Calvinists. It reminds us that there is a deep sense of ... More
10. Landnám in the North Atlantic

10. Landnám in the North Atlantic  

Julian D. Richards

in The Vikings: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2018
eISBN: 
9780191776151
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192806079.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192806079
How far has Viking identity and culture survived beyond Scandinavia? How much was it reinvented in the 13th- and 14th-century sagas? ‘Landnám in the North Atlantic’ looks at Viking ... More

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