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The Abrahamic Religions: A Very Short Introduction

The Abrahamic Religions: A Very Short Introduction  

Charles L. Cohen

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2020
Published Online: 
Jan 2020
eISBN: 
9780190654375
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190654344.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780190654344
Connected by their mutual—if differentiated—veneration of the One God proclaimed by Abraham, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam compose a family of related traditions. The Abrahamic ... More
6. Reform and Enlightenment (1500–1900)

6. Reform and Enlightenment (1500–1900)  

Charles L. Cohen

in The Abrahamic Religions: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2020
Published Online: 
Jan 2020
eISBN: 
9780190654375
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190654344.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190654344
“Reform and Enlightenment (1500–1900)” begins in the year 1500 as Judaism, Christianity, and Islam started to define themselves within spaces shaped by the global expansion of the, mostly ... More
1. Reading Iran

1. Reading Iran  

Ali M. Ansari

in Iran: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Published Online: 
Nov 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781315
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199669349.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199669349
Two important contributing factors to any understanding of Iran and the identity of Iranians are the centrality of history, and the subtle nature of Iran’s relationship with the West. ... More
6. Enlightenment in this very body

6. Enlightenment in this very body  

Matthew T. Kapstein

in Tibetan Buddhism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2013
Published Online: 
Oct 2013
eISBN: 
9780199375226
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199735129.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199735129
What is ‘Tantric Buddhism’? ‘Enlightenment in this very body’ describes the widespread characteristics of Buddhist tantra: mantra, maṇḍala, abhiṣeka, visualization, ritual, sensual ... More
2. Sources of Tibetan religious traditions

2. Sources of Tibetan religious traditions  

Matthew T. Kapstein

in Tibetan Buddhism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2013
Published Online: 
Oct 2013
eISBN: 
9780199375226
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199735129.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199735129
‘Sources of Tibetan religious traditions’ describes the introduction of Buddhism to Tibet in the fourth century ce. The Tsenpo, or emperor, Tri Songdetsen founded Tibet's first Buddhist ... More
4. Spiritual exercise and the path of the bodhisattva

4. Spiritual exercise and the path of the bodhisattva  

Matthew T. Kapstein

in Tibetan Buddhism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2013
Published Online: 
Oct 2013
eISBN: 
9780199375226
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199735129.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199735129
Tibetan Buddhism, like other religions, structures society and the individual agent through the order it imposes upon space and time. ‘Spiritual exercise and the path of the bodhisattva’ ... More
5. From darkness to light

5. From darkness to light  

Andreas Önnerfors

in Freemasonry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2017
Published Online: 
Aug 2017
eISBN: 
9780191837364
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198796275.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198796275
The rituals of freemasonry developed during the 18th and 19th centuries and have remained unchanged in their general design. Masonic rituals take place inside (and partly outside) the lodge ... More
5. Enlightened illusions

5. Enlightened illusions  

Stephen Eric Bronner

in Critical Theory: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2017
Published Online: 
Oct 2017
eISBN: 
9780190692704
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190692674.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190692674
‘Enlightened illusions’ examines Horkheimer and Adorno's Dialectic of Enlightenment. The work shows how scientific (or instrumental) rationality expels freedom from historical process and ... More
1. History of humanism

1. History of humanism  

Stephen Law

in Humanism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777363
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199553648.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199553648
The questions that humanism addresses stretch back to the Ancient world. Modern humanism draws on a rich and long intellectual legacy. ‘History of humanism’ looks back at this legacy, which ... More
1. Life and times

1. Life and times  

Christopher J. Berry

in Adam Smith: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2018
Published Online: 
Oct 2018
eISBN: 
9780191826962
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198784456.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198784456
There is more to Adam Smith than The Wealth of Nations, a book on the workings of the economy. He wrote an important treatise on moral philosophy, published an exceptionally well-informed ... More
1. Two approaches to freemasonry

1. Two approaches to freemasonry  

Andreas Önnerfors

in Freemasonry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2017
Published Online: 
Aug 2017
eISBN: 
9780191837364
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198796275.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198796275
‘Two approaches to freemasonry’ explains that the view of freemasonry is characterized by two main approaches: idealization and distrust. It outlines two very opposed, but representative ... More
4. Enlightenment foundations

4. Enlightenment foundations  

Andreas Önnerfors

in Freemasonry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2017
Published Online: 
Aug 2017
eISBN: 
9780191837364
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198796275.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198796275
When freemasonry entered the 18th century, a new layer of ideas was added. The brotherhood associated itself and was associated with science in general and with the new culture of Newtonian ... More
6. Organizational culture

6. Organizational culture  

Andreas Önnerfors

in Freemasonry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2017
Published Online: 
Aug 2017
eISBN: 
9780191837364
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198796275.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198796275
The global success of freemasonry as a voluntary association lies in its well-developed internal organizational culture. By 1723, the masonic foundational rules for organization had already ... More
2. Imperialism, genocide, and the ‘science’ of race

2. Imperialism, genocide, and the ‘science’ of race  

Ali Rattansi

in Racism: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2020
Published Online: 
Mar 2020
eISBN: 
9780191872785
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198834793.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198834793
The term ‘race’ entered English early in the 16th century, referring to family, lineage, and breed. In the 18th-century Enlightenment, the idea of race became incorporated into more ... More
2. Mythology and history

2. Mythology and history  

Ali M. Ansari

in Iran: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Published Online: 
Nov 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781315
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199669349.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199669349
‘Mythology and history’ describes the combined mythological and historical narratives that have had a powerful influence on contemporary Iranian identity. The mythological dynasties and ... More
3. Historical legacies

3. Historical legacies  

Andreas Önnerfors

in Freemasonry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2017
Published Online: 
Aug 2017
eISBN: 
9780191837364
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198796275.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198796275
There is no coherent ideology or doctrine of freemasonry, but the fraternity is characterized by a considerable conceptual inclusiveness promoting an ethics of action and all brotherhoods ... More
4. Iran and the West

4. Iran and the West  

Ali M. Ansari

in Iran: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2014
Published Online: 
Nov 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781315
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199669349.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199669349
‘Iran and the West’ charts the relationship between Iran and the West beginning in the 16th and 17th centuries with increased contact with Western rulers eager to secure both economic ... More
4. Second creation

4. Second creation  

J. L. Heilbron

in The History of Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2018
eISBN: 
9780191782435
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199684120.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199684120
The throwing of all philosophy into doubt inspired three important schemes for placing physica on firm foundations or limiting its claims to secure natural knowledge. ‘Second creation’ ... More
1. Habermas and Frankfurt School critical theory

1. Habermas and Frankfurt School critical theory  

James Gordon Finlayson

in Habermas: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776274
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192840950.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192840950
Habermas is known for being at the forefront of the second generation of Frankfurt School theorists. His work is an on-going response to the critical theory of the first generation of ... More
7. Enlightenment and law

7. Enlightenment and law  

Roger Scruton

in Kant: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775482
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801999.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801999
The critical philosophy is a metaphilosophy, a philosophy about philosophy. Kant believed that in the practical sphere the critical method made direct contact with moral judgement and ... More

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