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2. Matter from the outside

2. Matter from the outside  

Peter Atkins

in Physical Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2014
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779633
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689095.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689095
‘Matter from the outside’ focuses on the applications of thermodynamics in physical chemistry. Thermodynamics is the science of energy and the transformations that it can undergo. It plays ... More
The Laws of Thermodynamics: A Very Short Introduction

The Laws of Thermodynamics: A Very Short Introduction  

Peter Atkins

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777608
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199572199.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199572199
The Laws of Thermodynamics: A Very Short Introduction explains how the laws of thermodynamics establish fundamental concepts such as temperature and heat, and the nature of ... More
5. Entropy and thermodynamics of black holes

5. Entropy and thermodynamics of black holes  

Katherine Blundell

in Black Holes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2015
Published Online: 
Dec 2015
eISBN: 
9780191781612
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199602667.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199602667
‘Entropy and thermodynamics of black holes’ considers how the laws of thermodynamics and entropy can be applied to black holes. It discusses the work of Roger Penrose, James Bardeen, ... More
1. The zeroth lawThe concept of temperature

1. The zeroth law: The concept of temperature  

Peter Atkins

in The Laws of Thermodynamics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777608
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199572199.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199572199
The zeroth law can be most simply stated as: ‘If A is in thermal equilibrium with B, and B is in thermal equilibrium with C, then C will be in thermal equilibrium with A.’ ‘The zeroth law’ ... More
5. The third lawThe unattainability of zero

5. The third law: The unattainability of zero  

Peter Atkins

in The Laws of Thermodynamics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777608
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199572199.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199572199
Although the third law of thermodynamics does not have the same practical implications as the first two, it does make possible their application. ‘The third law’ examines how considerations ... More
2. The first lawThe conservation of energy

2. The first law: The conservation of energy  

Peter Atkins

in The Laws of Thermodynamics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777608
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199572199.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199572199
The first law of thermodynamics is an extension of the law of conservation of energy, expressed in terms of the internal energy of a closed system relative to the heat supplied to it and ... More
5. A force in society

5. A force in society  

Sidney Perkowitz

in Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191851667
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198813941.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198813941
Physics is intellectually significant for humanity because of its success in explaining nature, and practically significant because it powerfully affects the wider world outside the ... More
Physical Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Physical Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction  

Peter Atkins

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2014
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779633
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689095.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199689095
With the development of a variety of exciting new areas of research involving computational chemistry, nano- and smart materials, and applications of the recently discovered graphene, there ... More
3. Forms of matter

3. Forms of matter  

Geoff Cottrell

in Matter: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2019
Published Online: 
Mar 2019
eISBN: 
9780191844133
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198806547.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198806547
Solids, liquids, and gases are the great states of matter; a solid has a shape and a volume, a liquid has a volume but no shape, and a gas has neither shape nor volume. ‘Forms of matter’ ... More
5. The quantum world of the atom

5. The quantum world of the atom  

Geoff Cottrell

in Matter: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2019
Published Online: 
Mar 2019
eISBN: 
9780191844133
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198806547.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198806547
‘The quantum world of the atom’ considers the profound discoveries of the early twentieth century that exposed the inner structure of the atom and the revolutionary new physics of quantum ... More
6. Quantum matter

6. Quantum matter  

Geoff Cottrell

in Matter: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2019
Published Online: 
Mar 2019
eISBN: 
9780191844133
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198806547.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198806547
When vast numbers of particles cluster together, they can, under special conditions, display coherent quantum behaviour at the macroscopic level. ‘Quantum matter’ explains how this produces ... More
1. It all began with the Greeks

1. It all began with the Greeks  

Sidney Perkowitz

in Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191851667
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198813941.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198813941
From consumer devices to research at the edge of the unknown, physics is woven into our daily activities, our civilization, and our highest aspirations. It is a foundational science that is ... More

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