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1. Aristotle's quartet: the elements in antiquity

1. Aristotle's quartet: the elements in antiquity  

Philip Ball

in The Elements: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2004
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776298
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192840998.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192840998
‘Aristotle's quartet: the elements in antiquity’ outlines how the study of elements progressed from ancient Greece to the seventeenth century. The Aristotelian system of elements claimed ... More
6. Getting inside mathematics

6. Getting inside mathematics  

Jacqueline Stedall

in The History of Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778094
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199599684.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199599684
Who invented algebra? Who invented calculus? ‘Getting inside mathematics’ looks at the possible answers to these questions alongside the introduction of mathematical notation and the ... More
2. Heresy

2. Heresy  

Malcolm Gaskill

in Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777158
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199236954.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199236954
According to ‘Heresy’, historically, political and religious orthodoxy went together. Romans saw witches as ruthless criminals. The early Christian church expressed hostility to magic but ... More
5. A true hermetic philosopher

5. A true hermetic philosopher  

Rob Iliffe

in Newton: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777202
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199298037.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199298037
‘A true hermetic philosopher’ explains how alchemy enjoyed a chequered reputation by the middle of the seventeenth century. It was part of a larger practice that was termed ‘chymistry’. In ... More
8. In the city

8. In the city  

Rob Iliffe

in Newton: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777202
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199298037.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199298037
‘In the city’ describes how the years after the completion of the Principia witnessed some of the most intense intellectual activity of Newton's life. He researched furiously into the vexed ... More
1. A national man

1. A national man  

Rob Iliffe

in Newton: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777202
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199298037.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199298037
‘A national man’ reviews the various biographies of Newton which appeared after his death on 20 March 1727. John Conduitt supervised the collection of virtually all the significant ... More
2. What is mathematics and who is a mathematician?

2. What is mathematics and who is a mathematician?  

Jacqueline Stedall

in The History of Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778094
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199599684.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199599684
‘What is mathematics and who is a mathematician?’ questions the meaning and use of the terms based on the Greek mathemata, which simply meant ‘what has been learned’. The history of ... More
4. Truth

4. Truth  

Malcolm Gaskill

in Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777158
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199236954.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199236954
The history of witchcraft shows that knowledge was determined by institutions and ideologies. ‘Truth’ explains that knowledge was political, and so therefore was witchcraft. Even among the ... More
The History of Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

The History of Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction  

William H. Brock

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785085
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198716488.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198716488
From the earliest exploration of natural materials and their transformations to today’s materials science, chemistry has always been the central discipline that underpins both the physical ... More
1. On the nature of stuff

1. On the nature of stuff  

William H. Brock

in The History of Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785085
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198716488.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198716488
‘On the nature of stuff’ shows that the ability to control fire and temperature led to the first chemical technologies: the production of pottery from fired clays and tempers, metals, ... More
Newton: A Very Short Introduction

Newton: A Very Short Introduction  

Rob Iliffe

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777202
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199298037.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199298037
Newton: A Very Short Introduction introduces Newton's scientific studies in fields ranging from physics, astronomy, and mathematics, to alchemy. It also examines his ... More
9. Lord and master of all

9. Lord and master of all  

Rob Iliffe

in Newton: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777202
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199298037.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199298037
‘Lord and master of all’ describes how Newton's election to President of the Royal Society in November 1703 reignited his interest in natural philosophy. His Opticks appeared in February ... More
4. The sublunar world

4. The sublunar world  

Lawrence M. Principe

in The Scientific Revolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777493
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199567416.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199567416
‘The sublunar world’ explores how the early modern view of the world moved on from Aristotle's teachings. Nicholas Steno found that layers of rock provided information about the earth's ... More
The History of Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction

The History of Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction  

Jacqueline Stedall

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778094
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199599684.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199599684
The History of Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction is arranged thematically to exemplify the varied contexts in which people have learned, used, and handed on mathematics. ... More
Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction

Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction  

Malcolm Gaskill

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777158
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199236954.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199236954
Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction explores why witches still feature so heavily in our cultures and consciousness. From childhood most of us develop a sense of the ... More

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