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1. Fear

1. Fear  

Malcolm Gaskill

in Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777158
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199236954.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199236954
‘Fear’ reminds us that witches are monsters haunting our dreams, confirming who we are through what we are not. Witches are living projections of feelings that defy easy rationalization or ... More
2. Heresy

2. Heresy  

Malcolm Gaskill

in Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777158
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199236954.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199236954
According to ‘Heresy’, historically, political and religious orthodoxy went together. Romans saw witches as ruthless criminals. The early Christian church expressed hostility to magic but ... More
6. Rage

6. Rage  

Malcolm Gaskill

in Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777158
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199236954.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199236954
In first half of the 17th century, Europe was especially prone to witch-panics fuelled by war, rebellion and economic crisis. Rather than allaying fears, witch-hunts spread them. ‘Rage’ ... More
4. Living before God: worship and ethics

4. Living before God: worship and ethics  

David F. Ford

in Theology: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2013
Published Online: 
Oct 2013
eISBN: 
9780191779855
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199679973.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199679973
‘Living before God: worship and ethics’ is an introduction to thinking theologically about what it means to be human, starting from the phenomenon of worship as the key dynamic of human ... More
2. Making a Date

2. Making a Date  

Paul Bahn

in Archaeology: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778315
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199657438.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199657438
How do archaeologists pinpoint chronologies? Until recently there were two ways to do this: relative dating (placing objects, events etc in sequence) and historical dating (using written ... More
3. Malice

3. Malice  

Malcolm Gaskill

in Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777158
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199236954.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199236954
‘Malice’ argues that, while the Scientific Revolution is credited with ending belief in witchcraft, the Industrial Revolution was equally significant, delivering a liberating prosperity. A ... More
4. Truth

4. Truth  

Malcolm Gaskill

in Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777158
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199236954.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199236954
The history of witchcraft shows that knowledge was determined by institutions and ideologies. ‘Truth’ explains that knowledge was political, and so therefore was witchcraft. Even among the ... More
7. Fantasy

7. Fantasy  

Malcolm Gaskill

in Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777158
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199236954.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199236954
Most Westerners have inherited a basic Enlightenment epistemology, which is why writing about witches is so tricky. Anthropology reminds us that not everyone made the same intellectual ... More
3. Given or constructed? Identity in cultural anthropology

3. Given or constructed? Identity in cultural anthropology  

Florian Coulmas

in Identity: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2019
Published Online: 
Feb 2019
eISBN: 
9780191867033
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198828549.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198828549
‘Who are we?’ is just as tricky a question as ‘Who am I?’ Humanity is one, but at the same time divided into multiple groups. Humans exhibit many variations, notably race, language, and ... More
4. Africa in the world

4. Africa in the world  

John Parker and Richard Rathbone

in African History: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775567
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802484.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802484
How does the history of Africa's past fit into that of the rest of the world? Has Africa's history been determined by internal forces or by those from abroad? ‘Africa in the world’ looks at ... More
1. The universal language

1. The universal language  

Dylan Evans

in Emotion: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776007
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804617.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804617
‘The universal language’ explains how the cultural theory of emotion, prevalent for a large part of the twentieth century, came to be discredited. According to this theory, emotions are ... More
4. Herodotus as ethnographer

4. Herodotus as ethnographer  

Jennifer T. Roberts

in Herodotus: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777707
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199575992.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199575992
‘Herodotus as ethnographer’ explains how Herodotus's natural curiosity led him to pioneer a new field that would greatly broaden his fellow Greeks' understanding of the human community and ... More
5. Embracing the pagan past

5. Embracing the pagan past  

Owen Davies

in Paganism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777110
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199235162.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199235162
Though the Renaissance involved the intellectual embrace of pagan antiquity, ‘Embracing the pagan past’ argues there was no revival of pre-Christian forms of worship. 18th-century ... More
6. Return of the old gods

6. Return of the old gods  

Owen Davies

in Paganism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777110
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199235162.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199235162
‘Return of the old gods’ points out that though 19th-century enthusiasts studied, reconstructed, and romanticized a pagan past, no one actually converted or reverted to paganism in the West ... More
Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction

Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction  

Malcolm Gaskill

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777158
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199236954.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199236954
Witchcraft: A Very Short Introduction explores why witches still feature so heavily in our cultures and consciousness. From childhood most of us develop a sense of the ... More
9. Culture and religion

9. Culture and religion  

Anthony Storr

in Freud: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776793
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854551.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854551
‘Culture and religion’ evaluates Freud's writings on anthropology and religion. Freud was interested in the mind of early man, before civilization repressed his instincts. He wrote of ... More
1. Approaching the New Testament

1. Approaching the New Testament  

Luke Timothy Johnson

in The New Testament: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365807
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199735709.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199735709
‘Approaching the New Testament’ examines the historical, literary, and religious dimensions of the New Testament and explains how the earliest Christian writings sprang into existence ... More
5. Marx

5. Marx  

Andrew Bowie

in German Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777561
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199569250.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199569250
‘Marx’ explains how in debates which form the context of the work of Karl Marx people begin to talk for the first time of the ‘end of philosophy’. From the 1830s onwards, philosophy became ... More
1. On why medical ethics is exciting

1. On why medical ethics is exciting  

Michael Dunn and Tony Hope

in Medical Ethics: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2018
Published Online: 
Nov 2018
eISBN: 
9780191853173
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198815600.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198815600
‘On why medical ethics is exciting’ provides an introduction to medical ethics, which deals with some of the big moral questions: easing death and the morality of killing, for example. It ... More
Identity: A Very Short Introduction

Identity: A Very Short Introduction  

Florian Coulmas

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2019
Published Online: 
Feb 2019
eISBN: 
9780191867033
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198828549.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198828549
The term identity is used ubiquitously, but rarely explained. What exactly is identity? Identity: A Very Short Introduction provides a survey of the many faces of the concept of identity, ... More

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