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3. Drama, fiction, and the elusive author

3. Drama, fiction, and the elusive author  

Julia Annas

in Plato: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775505
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802163.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802163
‘Drama, fiction, and the elusive author’ explores Plato's use of dialogue. In presenting his works in the form of dialogue (direct or reported), Plato is detaching himself, as the possessor ... More
7. Deducing

7. Deducing  

Timothy Williamson

in Philosophical Method: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2020
Published Online: 
Aug 2020
eISBN: 
9780191847240
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198810001.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198810001
Detective work is an important tool in philosophy. ‘Deducing’ explains the difference between valid and sound arguments. An argument is valid if its premises are true but is only sound if ... More
3. A toolbox of reasoning

3. A toolbox of reasoning  

Michael Dunn and Tony Hope

in Medical Ethics: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2018
Published Online: 
Nov 2018
eISBN: 
9780191853173
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198815600.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198815600
‘A toolbox of reasoning’ discusses a further four tools of ethical reasoning: distinguishing facts from values; reasoning from principles; thought experiments; and spotting and avoiding ... More
2. A free market in ideas?

2. A free market in ideas?  

Nigel Warburton

in Free Speech: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777080
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199232352.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199232352
In On Liberty, John Stuart Mill defends the view that extensive freedom of speech is a precondition not just for individual happiness but also for a flourishing society. In other words, ... More
3. Names and quantifiers: is nothing something?

3. Names and quantifiers: is nothing something?  

Graham Priest

in Logic: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2017
Published Online: 
Oct 2017
eISBN: 
9780191848513
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198811701.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198811701
There are lots of inferences we can make and they work in different ways from each other, such as in the case where neither the premiss nor the conclusion has a part which is itself a whole ... More
1. Philosophya very short introduction

1. Philosophy: a very short introduction  

Edward Craig

in Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2020
Published Online: 
Sep 2020
eISBN: 
9780191894336
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198861775.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198861775
If philosophy is so close to us, why do many people regard it as something outlandish? ‘Philosophy: a very short introduction’ summarizes some key questions. What is philosophy for? What ... More
1. On why medical ethics is exciting

1. On why medical ethics is exciting  

Michael Dunn and Tony Hope

in Medical Ethics: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2018
Published Online: 
Nov 2018
eISBN: 
9780191853173
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198815600.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198815600
‘On why medical ethics is exciting’ provides an introduction to medical ethics, which deals with some of the big moral questions: easing death and the morality of killing, for example. It ... More
Presocratic Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Presocratic Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction  

Catherine Osborne

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776267
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192840943.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192840943
Presocratic Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction introduces the first thinkers to explore ideas about the nature of reality, time, and the origin of the universe. It begins by ... More
5. Truth and subjectivity

5. Truth and subjectivity  

Patrick Gardiner

in Kierkegaard: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775635
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802569.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802569
The two major works of Kierkegaard that reflect his reputation as a religious thinker are Philosophical Fragments and Concluding Unscientific Postscript. ‘Truth and subjectivity’ examines ... More
Plato: A Very Short Introduction

Plato: A Very Short Introduction  

Julia Annas

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775505
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802163.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192802163
Plato: A Very Short Introduction explores the philosophy and argument of Plato's writings, looking at Plato as a thinker grappling with philosophical problems in a variety of ... More
7. The nature of things

7. The nature of things  

Julia Annas

in Plato: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775505
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802163.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802163
‘The nature of things’ examines Plato's understanding of the natural world. In the Timaeus, Plato describes the creation of the world as work done by a divine Craftsman, who does the job by ... More
2. Arguments for the existence of God

2. Arguments for the existence of God  

Stephen Law

in Humanism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777363
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199553648.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199553648
Humanists think that belief in a God is not especially reasonable or justified. ‘Arguments for the existence of God’ presents two popular arguments to explain why there is a God and ... More
Free Speech: A Very Short Introduction

Free Speech: A Very Short Introduction  

Nigel Warburton

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777080
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199232352.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199232352
Free Speech: A Very Short Introduction examines the liberal assumption that free speech is worth preserving at any cost and offers a guide to important questions facing modern ... More
1. How many things are there?

1. How many things are there?  

Michael Beaney

in Analytic Philosophy: A Very Short introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2017
Published Online: 
Nov 2017
eISBN: 
9780191823442
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198778028.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198778028
‘How many things are there?’ introduces Gottlob Frege (1848–1925), one of the main founders of analytic philosophy whose central concern was with the nature of mathematics, and arithmetic ... More
4. Censoring pornography

4. Censoring pornography  

Nigel Warburton

in Free Speech: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777080
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199232352.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199232352
What challenge does pornography present to freedom of expression? Should pornography be tolerated, provided that nobody is harmed in its creation? ‘Censoring pornography’ examines the place ... More
2. Puzzles about first principles

2. Puzzles about first principles  

Catherine Osborne

in Presocratic Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776267
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192840943.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192840943
‘Puzzles about first principles’ examines the importance of Parmenides. Parmenides is important for his powerful distinction between appearance and reality. He throws at us the challenge of ... More
3. Zeno's tortoise

3. Zeno's tortoise  

Catherine Osborne

in Presocratic Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776267
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192840943.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192840943
‘Zeno's tortoise’ examines Zeno's best-loved paradox, Achilles and the tortoise. Zeno's great innovation, for which he is justly famous, lies in how he persuades us to accept unwelcome ... More
7. Spin doctors of the 5th century

7. Spin doctors of the 5th century  

Catherine Osborne

in Presocratic Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776267
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192840943.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192840943
‘Spin doctors of the 5th century’ examines key themes in Sophistic thought and asks: Are the Sophists a good thing or a bad thing? The spin doctors of all time, they taught clever talk ... More
3. God

3. God  

Roger Scruton

in Spinoza: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775758
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803160.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803160
Spinoza addressed himself to the question: what exists? ‘God’ outlines Spinoza's arguments regarding divine existence and the notion of a divine being. Whereas previous philosophers had ... More
4. Realism and anti-realism

4. Realism and anti-realism  

Samir Okasha

in Philosophy of Science: Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191807640
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198745587.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198745587
‘Realism and anti-realism’ is concerned with the debate between scientific realism and its converse, anti-realism or instrumentalism. Realists hold that the aim of science is to provide a ... More

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