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2. Astronomy in antiquity

2. Astronomy in antiquity  

Michael Hoskin

in The History of Astronomy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775727
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803061.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803061
‘Astronomy in Antiquity’ traces the origins of astronomy, which emerged for different reasons in Egypt and Babylon. In Egypt the far-flung kingdom required a well-established calendar to ... More
6. One of God’s chosen few

6. One of God’s chosen few  

Rob Iliffe

in Newton: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777202
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199298037.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199298037
‘One of God's chosen few’ explains how at some point, probably in the early 1670s, Newton became a radical anti-trinitarian, holding that the conventional doctrine of the Holy Trinity was ... More
1. The sky in prehistory

1. The sky in prehistory  

Michael Hoskin

in The History of Astronomy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775727
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803061.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803061
Historians of astronomy mainly work from surviving documents, instruments, and artefacts. However, ‘The Sky in Prehistory’ examines the surviving stone monuments from a period where there ... More
3. Astronomy in the Middle Ages

3. Astronomy in the Middle Ages  

Michael Hoskin

in The History of Astronomy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775727
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803061.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803061
‘Astronomy in the Middle Ages’ examines how the ideas of Ptolemy and antiquity were preserved and transmitted, initially by the scholars of Islam. They built a number of observatories and ... More
16. Evidence and Theory

16. Evidence and Theory  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0016
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
‘Evidence and Theory’ argues that Aristotle’s account of the world is wholly exploded, mostly because sixteenth- and seventeenth-century scientists applied quantitative methods in studying ... More
8. Knowledge

8. Knowledge  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
Whereas the Prior Analytics derives the theorems of a science from its axioms, the Posterior Analytics is concerned with the nature of the axioms themselves, and hence the general form of ... More
5. Science and philosophy

5. Science and philosophy  

Jerry Brotton

in The Renaissance: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2006
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775383
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801630.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801630
The word ‘ambivalence’ best captures the mood of the transformations in popular and applied sciences of the 15th and 16th centuries. We want to know more, but can we know too much? ‘Science ... More
4. Learning mathematics

4. Learning mathematics  

Jacqueline Stedall

in The History of Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778094
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199599684.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199599684
Why learn mathematics? A study of what has been taught, and how, reveals a good deal about what aspects of mathematics have been regarded as relevant, and for what purposes. ‘Learning ... More
2. What is mathematics and who is a mathematician?

2. What is mathematics and who is a mathematician?  

Jacqueline Stedall

in The History of Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778094
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199599684.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199599684
‘What is mathematics and who is a mathematician?’ questions the meaning and use of the terms based on the Greek mathemata, which simply meant ‘what has been learned’. The history of ... More
Prologue

Prologue  

Owen Gingerich

in Copernicus: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2016
Published Online: 
Aug 2016
eISBN: 
9780190605520
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199330966.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199330966
In or around 1510 Nicolaus Copernicus, one of the sixteen directors of the northernmost Catholic diocese in Poland, invented the solar system. ... Wait a minute! you say. Wasn’t ... More
5. Astronomy in the age of Newton

5. Astronomy in the age of Newton  

Michael Hoskin

in The History of Astronomy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775727
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803061.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803061
The transformation in thinking about the how the planets relate to the Sun was followed by a whole change in understanding of the how the universe worked. Aristotle, the dominant figure in ... More
4. Astronomy transformed

4. Astronomy transformed  

Michael Hoskin

in The History of Astronomy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775727
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803061.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803061
The revolution set in motion by Copernicus was followed by huge advances in observing the planets and the stars. ‘Astronomy Transformed’ highlights the key thinkers and observers in this ... More
6. The Structure of the Sciences

6. The Structure of the Sciences  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
Aristotle did not share Plato’s belief that all knowledge could be founded upon a single set of axioms. ‘The Structure of the Sciences’ shows that Aristotle divided knowledge into three ... More
14. Aristotle’s World-Picture

14. Aristotle’s World-Picture  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0014
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
According to ‘Aristotle’s World-Picture’, Aristotle was a remarkable scientist and a profound philosopher, but it was as a philosopher-scientist that he excelled. The elements of the ... More
The History of Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction

The History of Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction  

Jacqueline Stedall

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778094
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199599684.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199599684
The History of Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction is arranged thematically to exemplify the varied contexts in which people have learned, used, and handed on mathematics. ... More
Newton: A Very Short Introduction

Newton: A Very Short Introduction  

Rob Iliffe

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777202
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199298037.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199298037
Newton: A Very Short Introduction introduces Newton's scientific studies in fields ranging from physics, astronomy, and mathematics, to alchemy. It also examines his ... More
9. Lord and master of all

9. Lord and master of all  

Rob Iliffe

in Newton: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777202
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199298037.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199298037
‘Lord and master of all’ describes how Newton's election to President of the Royal Society in November 1703 reignited his interest in natural philosophy. His Opticks appeared in February ... More
Copernicus: A Very Short Introduction

Copernicus: A Very Short Introduction  

Owen Gingerich

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2016
Published Online: 
Aug 2016
eISBN: 
9780190605520
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199330966.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199330966
Nicolaus Copernicus (1473–1543) was the astronomer whose shocking vision of a sun-centered universe turned out to be the essential blueprint for a physical understanding of celestial ... More
7. The radio sky

7. The radio sky  

Geoff Cottrell

in Telescopes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2016
Published Online: 
Dec 2016
eISBN: 
9780191808234
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198745860.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198745860
‘The radio sky’ considers radio telescopes that can see much longer wavelengths. Cosmic radio waves were first discovered in 1932 by Karl Jansky, with the first radio telescope built in ... More
The History of Astronomy: A Very Short Introduction

The History of Astronomy: A Very Short Introduction  

Michael Hoskin

Print Publication Year: 
May 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775727
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803061.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192803061
The History of Astronomy: A Very Short Introduction traces the history of Western astronomy, from prehistoric times to the origins of astrophysics in the mid-nineteenth century ... More

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