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3. Giant planets

3. Giant planets  

David A. Rothery

in Planets: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777622
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199573509.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199573509
‘Giant planets’ looks at Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune, the planets that dominate the Solar System in terms of their size. How do you measure the size of a planet, and how do you ... More
5. Tectonics and climate

5. Tectonics and climate  

Mark Maslin

in Climate: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778254
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199641130.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199641130
The modern climate system is influenced by millions years of plate tectonics, which have produced occurrences such as large amounts of ice at both Poles. ‘Tectonics and climate’ considers ... More
7. Evolution and extinction

7. Evolution and extinction  

Dorrik Stow

in Oceans: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2017
Published Online: 
Jul 2017
eISBN: 
9780191782428
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199655076.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199655076
‘Evolution and extinction’ explores the likely origins of life, its evolution and marked changes, and the major extinction events that have punctuated this progress. The principal focus is ... More
1. What is special about Earth’s atmosphere?

1. What is special about Earth’s atmosphere?  

Paul I. Palmer

in The Atmosphere: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
eISBN: 
9780191788970
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198722038.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198722038
‘What is special about Earth’s atmosphere?’ describes the several interconnected layers that make up Earth’s atmosphere before considering the atmospheres of other planets. Each layer has ... More
1. The atmosphere

1. The atmosphere  

Storm Dunlop

in Weather: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2017
Published Online: 
Jan 2017
eISBN: 
9780191783357
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199571314.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199571314
‘The atmosphere’ describes the different layers of the atmosphere and the boundaries between them—troposphere, tropopause, stratosphere, mesopause, mesosphere, ionosphere, and ... More
2. Atmosphere and oceans

2. Atmosphere and oceans  

Mark Maslin

in Climate: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778254
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199641130.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199641130
Our weather resides in the atmosphere. It begins on the Earth's surface and becomes thinner the higher it gets. The oceans play a crucial role in controlling weather and climate. ... More
4. Atmospheric composition

4. Atmospheric composition  

Paul I. Palmer

in The Atmosphere: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
eISBN: 
9780191788970
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198722038.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198722038
Nitrogen, oxygen, and argon represent more than 99.9% of the air we breathe. But Earth’s atmosphere hasn’t always had that composition—it is on at least its third distinctive atmosphere. ... More
8. Scratching the surface with cosmogenic isotopes

8. Scratching the surface with cosmogenic isotopes  

Rob Ellam

in Isotopes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2016
Published Online: 
May 2016
eISBN: 
9780191790737
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198723622.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198723622
‘Scratching the surface with cosmogenic isotopes’ explains spallation—when a high energy cosmic ray particle removes several nucleons from an atom. Spallation produces 10Be from 16O in the ... More
6. Our future atmosphere

6. Our future atmosphere  

Paul I. Palmer

in The Atmosphere: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
eISBN: 
9780191788970
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198722038.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198722038
There is still much about Earth’s atmosphere we do not fully understand, which limits our ability to predict large-scale changes to the atmosphere. As Earth’s climate changes new scientific ... More
2. The circulation of the atmosphere

2. The circulation of the atmosphere  

Storm Dunlop

in Weather: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2017
Published Online: 
Jan 2017
eISBN: 
9780191783357
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199571314.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199571314
‘The circulation of the atmosphere’ outlines the general model of the movement of air around the Earth. There are three circulation cells either side of the equator: the Hadley cell ... More
4. Water in the atmosphere

4. Water in the atmosphere  

Storm Dunlop

in Weather: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2017
Published Online: 
Jan 2017
eISBN: 
9780191783357
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199571314.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199571314
Among the planets in the Solar System, Earth is unique in possessing large quantities of water, and water’s properties are highly significant in determining weather. This is because water ... More
Telescopes: A Very Short Introduction

Telescopes: A Very Short Introduction  

Geoff Cottrell

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2016
Published Online: 
Dec 2016
eISBN: 
9780191808234
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198745860.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198745860
Telescopes have made dramatic revelations about the Universe and our place in it. Galileo’s observations of the Moon’s cratered surface and discovery of Jupiter’s four big satellites ... More
The Atmosphere: A Very Short Introduction

The Atmosphere: A Very Short Introduction  

Paul I. Palmer

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
eISBN: 
9780191788970
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198722038.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198722038
The atmosphere is the thin, diffuse fluid that envelops the Earth’s surface. Despite its apparent fragility, the existence of this fluid is vital for human and other life on Earth. The ... More
Weather: A Very Short Introduction

Weather: A Very Short Introduction  

Storm Dunlop

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2017
Published Online: 
Jan 2017
eISBN: 
9780191783357
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199571314.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199571314
Weather: A Very Short Introduction explains what weather is, how it differs from climate, what causes weather, and how we measure it. It shows how the different properties of ... More
4. Chemical broth

4. Chemical broth  

Dorrik Stow

in Oceans: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2017
Published Online: 
Jul 2017
eISBN: 
9780191782428
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199655076.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199655076
‘Chemical broth’ considers ocean chemistry and physics. The Earth is a single unity linked everywhere by oceans and seas. The remarkable properties of the simple water molecule have allowed ... More
6. Ocean–climate nexus

6. Ocean–climate nexus  

Dorrik Stow

in Oceans: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2017
Published Online: 
Jul 2017
eISBN: 
9780191782428
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199655076.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199655076
‘Ocean–climate nexus’ explains how the oceans and atmosphere together control and express both the Earth’s daily weather systems and the long-term changes in planetary climate. The natural ... More
1. Dynamic planet

1. Dynamic planet  

Martin Redfern

in The Earth: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775734
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803078.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803078
‘Dynamic planet’ introduces the relatively recent view of the Earth that is encapsulated in Earth systems science. This is top-down approach that has built on the bottom-up approach of ... More
Climate: A Very Short Introduction

Climate: A Very Short Introduction  

Mark Maslin

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778254
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199641130.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199641130
Climate: A Very Short Introduction considers all aspects of the global climate system, exploring and explaining the different components that control the climate on Earth. ... More

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