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10. Reality

10. Reality  

Jonathan Barnes

in Aristotle: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Nov 2015
eISBN: 
9780191822322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854087.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854087
Science is about real things. That is what makes it knowledge rather than fantasy. But what things are real? What are the fundamental items with which science is concerned? That is the ... More
2. Atomic worlds

2. Atomic worlds  

Catherine Wilson

in Epicureanism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2015
Published Online: 
Dec 2015
eISBN: 
9780191808951
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688326.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688326
In Epicureanism, the ‘atom’ is the fundamental element of reality. There is a finite number of different atom shapes, but an infinite number of each shape, which move and congregate in a ... More
2. How empty is an atom?

2. How empty is an atom?  

Frank Close

in Nothing: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777004
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199225866.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199225866
‘How empty is an atom?’ explains how even ‘empty’ space is filled with forces. Atoms are not the ultimate particle: they are nearly all empty space. This space is filled with electric and ... More
5. The atom factories: making new elements

5. The atom factories: making new elements  

Philip Ball

in The Elements: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2004
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776298
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192840998.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192840998
‘The atom factories: making new elements’ explores the synthesis of new elements. The transmutation of new elements is only possible due to radioactivity. Rutherford discovered that ... More
3. The pragmatic meaning programme

3. The pragmatic meaning programme  

James Gordon Finlayson

in Habermas: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776274
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192840950.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192840950
Habermas identified what he called the ‘linguistic turn’ which was a general shift in philosophy which makes an analysis of language use and locates the rational basis of the coordination ... More
4. Eternity

4. Eternity  

Peter Adamson

in Philosophy in the Islamic World: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2015
Published Online: 
Sep 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785429
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199683673.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199683673
The issue most strongly associated with the history of philosophy in the Islamic world is the eternity of the universe. It features in several key works from the Islamic world—notably ... More
4. Physics

4. Physics  

Brad Inwood

in Stoicism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2018
Published Online: 
Jul 2018
eISBN: 
9780191828973
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198786665.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198786665
One of the main dividing lines in Greek physical theory was the question of the nature of matter. ‘Physics’ explains that the Stoics fit squarely into the non-atomistic tradition, being ... More
6. Physics invades the periodic table

6. Physics invades the periodic table  

Eric R. Scerri

in The Periodic Table: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2019
Published Online: 
Jul 2019
eISBN: 
9780191878329
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198842323.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198842323
‘Physics invades the periodic table’ assesses the impact of key discoveries in physics on the understanding of the periodic table. Ernest Rutherford provided evidence for the nuclear ... More
Matter: A Very Short Introduction

Matter: A Very Short Introduction  

Geoff Cottrell

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2019
Published Online: 
Mar 2019
eISBN: 
9780191844133
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198806547.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198806547
Matter: A Very Short Introduction explains matter—the stuff of which your body and the universe is made—from elementary particles, to atoms, humans, planets, up to the ... More
8. Scratching the surface with cosmogenic isotopes

8. Scratching the surface with cosmogenic isotopes  

Rob Ellam

in Isotopes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2016
Published Online: 
May 2016
eISBN: 
9780191790737
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198723622.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198723622
‘Scratching the surface with cosmogenic isotopes’ explains spallation—when a high energy cosmic ray particle removes several nucleons from an atom. Spallation produces 10Be from 16O in the ... More
6. Elder statesman

6. Elder statesman  

J. L. Heilbron

in Niels Bohr: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2020
Published Online: 
Jan 2020
eISBN: 
9780191859861
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198819264.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198819264
Bohr worked briefly at Los Alamos, the centre of the American atomic bomb project, after fleeing to Sweden with most of Danish Jewry in 1943. As an ‘elder statesman’ he secured audiences ... More
5. The One Thing Needful

5. The One Thing Needful  

Michael Tanner

in Nietzsche: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2000
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776670
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854148.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854148
‘The One Thing Needful’ is concerned with the concepts of style, culture, and character. Excerpts from The Gay Science are provided to illustrate Nietzsche's standpoint. What Nietzsche is ... More
3. Philosophy, mind, and science

3. Philosophy, mind, and science  

A. C. Grayling

in Russell: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775659
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802583.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802583
‘Philosophy, mind, and science’ considers the questions of method and metaphysics that became important to Bertrand Russell during the course of his work on perception. The philosophy and ... More
7. Lighting the frontiers

7. Lighting the frontiers  

Ian Walmsley

in Light: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2015
Published Online: 
Sep 2015
eISBN: 
9780191782442
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199682690.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199682690
Despite its long history as possibly the oldest continuous branch of natural philosophy and science, optics remains at the forefront of research and application. It is ubiquitous: as a tool ... More
Nuclear Physics: A Very Short Introduction

Nuclear Physics: A Very Short Introduction  

Frank Close

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2015
Published Online: 
Jul 2015
eISBN: 
9780191788062
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198718635.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198718635
Nuclear Physics: A Very Short Introduction gives an account of how this area of physics has progressed since the discovery of the electron at the end of the 19th century, which ... More
3. Life on main street

3. Life on main street  

Andrew King

in Stars: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778155
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199602926.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199602926
What keeps stars shining? What supports the Sun against gravity? Gravity and electromagnetism alone cannot answer these two questions: we need to look at the subatomic level. Atomics are ... More
The Elements: A Very Short Introduction

The Elements: A Very Short Introduction  

Philip Ball

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2004
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776298
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192840998.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192840998
The Elements: A Very Short Introduction traces the history and cultural impact of the elements on humankind, and examines why people have long sought to identify the substances ... More
5. The quantum world of the atom

5. The quantum world of the atom  

Geoff Cottrell

in Matter: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2019
Published Online: 
Mar 2019
eISBN: 
9780191844133
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198806547.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198806547
‘The quantum world of the atom’ considers the profound discoveries of the early twentieth century that exposed the inner structure of the atom and the revolutionary new physics of quantum ... More
1. Science and the stars

1. Science and the stars  

Andrew King

in Stars: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778155
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199602926.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199602926
Every atom in our bodies was once part of a star. In just a few years the nature of stars has moved from being a mystery to a legitimate subject of quantitative scientific enquiry. This ... More

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