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2. Evolution

2. Evolution  

Sebastian G.B. Amyes

in Bacteria: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777752
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578764.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199578764
‘Evolution’ describes binary fission (the process of bacteria division), rapid replication of DNA of bacteria, which promotes both lethal and beneficial mutations, and bacterial viruses or ... More
5. What cells can do

5. What cells can do  

Terence Allen and Graham Cowling

in The Cell: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777745
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578757.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199578757
‘What cells can do’ examines varied examples of cell specialisms that allow an organism to protect itself and respond to its environment. Firstly, it considers cells at the surface — ... More
3. Discovery

3. Discovery  

Sebastian G.B. Amyes

in Bacteria: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777752
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578764.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199578764
‘Discovery’ begins in the late 17th century with the work of Antonie van Leewenhoek who, using crude glass lenses as magnifying glasses, was able to see and describe red blood cells and ... More
5. Bacterial pathogenesis

5. Bacterial pathogenesis  

Sebastian G.B. Amyes

in Bacteria: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777752
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578764.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199578764
‘Bacterial pathogenesis’ explains the stages of pathogenesis, virulence factors, the four groups of pathogenic bacteria (adhesins, aggressins, impedins, and invasins), plasmids, and ... More
6. Antibiotics

6. Antibiotics  

Sebastian G.B. Amyes

in Bacteria: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777752
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578764.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199578764
‘Antibiotics’ charts the work on the understanding and treatment of bacterial infections from the improvements of hygiene proposed by Florence Nightingale and Joseph Lister's antiseptics to ... More
6. Microbial ecology and evolution

6. Microbial ecology and evolution  

Nicholas P. Money

in Microbiology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2014
Published Online: 
Dec 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781605
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199681686.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199681686
Many ecosystems are wholly microbial and the activities of microorganisms provide the biochemical foundation for plant and animal life. ‘Microbial ecology and evolution’ describes how ... More
5. Microbial and planktonic engines of the reef

5. Microbial and planktonic engines of the reef  

Charles Sheppard

in Coral Reefs: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2014
Published Online: 
Jun 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779978
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199682775.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199682775
Symbiotic algae are a crucial source of fuel for the reef, via corals and others, but how is the food and energy from the corals transferred to other parts of the ecosystem to support the ... More
4. Environment and civilization

4. Environment and civilization  

Sebastian G.B. Amyes

in Bacteria: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777752
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578764.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199578764
‘Environment and civilization’ considers the everyday processes in which bacteria play an important role. Firstly, the bacterial contamination and spoilage of food and the methods of food ... More
8. The future

8. The future  

Sebastian G.B. Amyes

in Bacteria: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777752
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578764.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199578764
‘The future’ considers the benefits and potential downfalls of research into the molecular biology of bacteria. Bacteria as a cause of disease and bacteria within the modern world are ... More
5. Microbiology of human health and disease

5. Microbiology of human health and disease  

Nicholas P. Money

in Microbiology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2014
Published Online: 
Dec 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781605
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199681686.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199681686
Microbiological research has been dominated by studies on pathogenic organisms since the work of Louis Pasteur in the 19th century. Recent research suggests that populations of microbes ... More
8. Functional foods, superfoods, and supplements

8. Functional foods, superfoods, and supplements  

David A. Bender

in Nutrition: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2014
Published Online: 
Jun 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779985
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199681921.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199681921
When a vitamin or mineral deficiency is widespread in a population, a common approach is to enrich or fortify a staple food. ‘Functional foods, superfoods, and supplements’ defines ... More
2. How microbes operate

2. How microbes operate  

Nicholas P. Money

in Microbiology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2014
Published Online: 
Dec 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781605
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199681686.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199681686
‘How microbes operate’ considers the mechanisms that sustain prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms. All active cells must be supplied with water and an energy source. Absorption of ... More
4. Life support systems

4. Life support systems  

Warwick F. Vincent

in Lakes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2018
eISBN: 
9780191821035
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198766735.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198766735
There is an astonishing variety and abundance of microscopic life that underpins the ecology of natural waters. The aquatic microbiome—made up of viruses, bacteria, archaea, and microbial ... More
2. Viruses are everywhere

2. Viruses are everywhere  

Dorothy H. Crawford

in Viruses: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780191848520
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198811718.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198811718
‘Viruses are everywhere’ describes the ‘virosphere’—the huge virus biomass of enormous variety and complexity in the environment. Viruses are the most numerous microbes on Earth with an ... More
5. Food chains to fish

5. Food chains to fish  

Warwick F. Vincent

in Lakes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2018
eISBN: 
9780191821035
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198766735.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198766735
‘Food chains to fish’ considers the nature of pelagic and benthic food webs and the coupling between them. Life at the bottom of lakes in the benthic zone is mostly made up of worms, ... More
4. Levels of selection

4. Levels of selection  

Samir Okasha

in Philosophy of Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2019
Published Online: 
Nov 2019
eISBN: 
9780191844782
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198806998.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198806998
‘Levels of selection’ examines the levels-of-selection question, which asks whether natural selection acts on individuals, genes, or groups. This question is one of the most fundamental in ... More
3. What teeth do: food and feeding

3. What teeth do: food and feeding  

Peter S. Ungar

in Teeth: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2014
Published Online: 
Mar 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779862
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199670598.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199670598
‘What teeth do: food and feeding’ explains that to appreciate what teeth do, we first need to understand what vertebrates need from them. Different animals make different choices to meet ... More
The Cell: A Very Short Introduction

The Cell: A Very Short Introduction  

Terence Allen and Graham Cowling

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777745
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578757.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199578757
The Cell: A Very Short Introduction describes the nature of cells — their basic structure, their varying forms, their division, their differentiation from initially highly ... More
2. The origin of sex

2. The origin of sex  

Michael J. Benton

in The History of Life: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777011
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199226320.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199226320
‘The origin of sex’ begins with John Maynard Smith who suggested that the advantage of sexual reproduction was that sex shuffles genes more effectively than parthenogenesis, introducing ... More
Marine Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Marine Biology: A Very Short Introduction  

Philip V. Mladenov

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778407
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199695058.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199695058
Marine Biology: A Very Short Introduction looks at marine life and marine processes. The marine environment is the largest, most important, and most mysterious habitat on our ... More

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