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7. The wisdom of crowds

7. The wisdom of crowds  

Tristram D. Wyatt

in Animal Behaviour: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2017
Published Online: 
Feb 2017
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198712152.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
Recent work on collective animal behaviour shows that relatively simple behaviours by each animal acting individually can together produce complex, emergent behaviours larger than the ... More
5. Intergroup relations

5. Intergroup relations  

Richard J. Crisp

in Social Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2015
Published Online: 
Aug 2015
eISBN: 
9780191783319
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198715511.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198715511
‘Intergroup relations’ considers a range of theories that encompass the perceived relationships between the individual, their own group, and other groups, and that provide a range of ... More
11. Treatment

11. Treatment  

Daniel Freeman and Jason Freeman

in Anxiety: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777486
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199567157.003.0011
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199567157
‘Treatments’ considers the treatments available for anxiety disorders. The two types of treatment are psychological therapy — principally cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) and medication. ... More
1. What is psychotherapy and who is it for?

1. What is psychotherapy and who is it for?  

Tom Burns and Eva Burns‐Lundgren

in Psychotherapy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2015
Published Online: 
Jan 2015
eISBN: 
9780191781599
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689361.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689361
Psychotherapy involves using an agreed relationship between a trained practitioner and a patient to obtain relief from emotional suffering. Most Western psychotherapies are based on talking ... More
Conclusionthe varied concepts of the gene

Conclusion: the varied concepts of the gene  

Jonathan Slack

in Genes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2014
Published Online: 
Sep 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780950
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199676507.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199676507
There are many concepts of the gene. They range from defined sequences of DNA encoding proteins, to variant genes distinguishing individuals (markers), to unknown genes controlling ... More
11. Humans and mammals: the past and the future

11. Humans and mammals: the past and the future  

T. S. Kemp

in Mammals: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191821172
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198766940.003.0011
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198766940
From the very start of the spread of humans, the world’s mammals have been irreversibly, and mostly detrimentally, affected through direct exploitation for food and for skins to make ... More
7. From theory to practice

7. From theory to practice  

Uta Frith

in Autism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776922
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199207565.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199207565
‘From theory to practice’ explains that autistic disorders are far too heterogeneous and too complex for a single satisfying account. It is frustrating that there is no answer yet to what ... More
10. Primates

10. Primates  

T. S. Kemp

in Mammals: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191821172
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198766940.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198766940
‘Primates’ considers how a group of small, rather insignificant, tree-dwelling mammals living 60 mya eventually evolved the highest level of expression of the mammalian characteristic of ... More
2. Theories of anxiety

2. Theories of anxiety  

Daniel Freeman and Jason Freeman

in Anxiety: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777486
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199567157.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199567157
‘Theories of anxiety’ looks at four key perspectives on anxiety. Firstly, Freud's views on psychoanalysis. Behavioural theories were led by John Broadus Watson's experiments on behaviourism ... More
2. Consumers

2. Consumers  

Avinash Dixit

in Microeconomics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2014
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779824
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689378.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689378
‘Consumers’ considers several concepts involved with, or influenced by, consumer activity and consumer choice — substitution, complements, demand curves, income effect, statistical ... More
4. Time-limited psychotherapy

4. Time-limited psychotherapy  

Tom Burns and Eva Burns‐Lundgren

in Psychotherapy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2015
Published Online: 
Jan 2015
eISBN: 
9780191781599
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689361.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689361
For many therapists and patients, short-term therapies are now the treatments of choice. ‘Time-limited psychotherapy’ describes three time-limited psychotherapies that have emerged with ... More
Learning: A Very Short Introduction

Learning: A Very Short Introduction  

Mark Haselgrove

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785412
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688364.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199688364
What is learning? How does it take place? What happens when it goes wrong? The topic of learning has been central to the development of the science of psychology since its inception. ... More
4. Models of depression

4. Models of depression  

Mary Jane Tacchi and Jan Scott

in Depression: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2017
Published Online: 
Jan 2017
eISBN: 
9780191785788
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199558650.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199558650
Epidemiological studies of depression give important insights into populations at higher risk of depression, but not everyone in certain high-risk circumstances will develop a clinical ... More
5. Carnivorous mammals

5. Carnivorous mammals  

T. S. Kemp

in Mammals: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191821172
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198766940.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198766940
‘Carnivorous mammals’ considers the various carnivorous mammals that have evolved from the common ancestor of all modern mammals—the small, nocturnal, insectivorous mammal. Several mammals ... More
2. The biology of mammals

2. The biology of mammals  

T. S. Kemp

in Mammals: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191821172
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198766940.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198766940
In order to understand mammals and their amazing variety, we must first learn about their shared biology. ‘The biology of mammals’ first considers how and why mammals stay warm and active. ... More
6. Risk-taking, antisocial behaviour, and delinquency

6. Risk-taking, antisocial behaviour, and delinquency  

Peter K. Smith

in Adolescence: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2016
Published Online: 
May 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785245
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199665563.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199665563
‘Risk-taking, antisocial behaviour, and delinquency’ considers the incidence of risky behaviour, gender differences, and historical changes. Males are more likely to exhibit risky behaviour ... More
8. Applying behaviour

8. Applying behaviour  

Tristram D. Wyatt

in Animal Behaviour: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2017
Published Online: 
Feb 2017
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198712152.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
Our behaviour as humans has profound effects on the lives of other animals. ‘Applying behaviour’ explores some of the ways that we can use an understanding of animal behaviour to reduce our ... More
Social Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Social Psychology: A Very Short Introduction  

Richard J. Crisp

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2015
Published Online: 
Aug 2015
eISBN: 
9780191783319
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198715511.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198715511
Social Psychology: A Very Short Introduction tells the story of social psychology, its history, concepts, and major theories. Discussing the classic studies that have defined ... More
1. All about us

1. All about us  

Richard J. Crisp

in Social Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2015
Published Online: 
Aug 2015
eISBN: 
9780191783319
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198715511.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198715511
Social psychology is all about the ‘social universe’ and the people who populate our everyday lives. It’s the study of how society, culture, and context shape attitudes, behaviour, and ... More
Waves: A Very Short Introduction

Waves: A Very Short Introduction  

Mike Goldsmith

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2018
Published Online: 
Nov 2018
eISBN: 
9780191842092
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198803782.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198803782
We live in a world of waves. The Earth shakes to its foundations, the seas and oceans tremble incessantly, sounds reverberate through land, sea, and air. Beneath the skin, our brains and ... More

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