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Blood: A Very Short Introduction

Blood: A Very Short Introduction  

Chris Cooper

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785467
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199581450.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199581450
Blood is vital to most animals. In mammals it transports oxygen and food, carries away waste, and contains the white cells that attack invading microbes. Playing a central role in life, ... More
5. What cells can do

5. What cells can do  

Terence Allen and Graham Cowling

in The Cell: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777745
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578757.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199578757
‘What cells can do’ examines varied examples of cell specialisms that allow an organism to protect itself and respond to its environment. Firstly, it considers cells at the surface — ... More
8. Epilogue

8. Epilogue  

Michael O’Shea

in The Brain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776496
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853929.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853929
The ‘Epilogue’ asks: Will we ever truly understand the brain? Modern imaging techniques, such as fMRI, have provided valuable insights into the localization of specific mental actions in ... More
6. Following up people’s health

6. Following up people’s health  

Rodolfo Saracci

in Epidemiology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777257
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199543335.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199543335
In randomized controlled trials, subjects treated differently are followed up over time to observe the effects of the intervention (treatment). ‘Following up people's health’ points out ... More
8. Side effects, complications, and risks of anaesthesia

8. Side effects, complications, and risks of anaesthesia  

Aidan O’Donnell

in Anaesthesia: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777868
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199584543.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199584543
Anaesthesia carries risks. It is difficult to judge the risk accurately, especially when it is presented as a statistic. A 2006 paper by Rupert Pearse and colleagues based on 4.1 million ... More
7. Cellular therapy

7. Cellular therapy  

Terence Allen and Graham Cowling

in The Cell: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777745
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578757.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199578757
Most diseases have cellular origins. The majority can be traced to simple biochemical imbalances that can often be corrected by drugs. ‘Cellular therapy’ shows that some complex diseases, ... More
7. Circadian rhythms and metabolism

7. Circadian rhythms and metabolism  

Russell G. Foster and Leon Kreitzman

in Circadian Rhythms: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
eISBN: 
9780191787164
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198717683.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198717683
Life is a continual battle to stay in a non-equilibrium energy state. Living things must obtain energy from the environment and effectively use it to drive metabolic reactions. ‘Circadian ... More
6. Blood transfusion

6. Blood transfusion  

Chris Cooper

in Blood: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785467
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199581450.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199581450
‘Blood transfusion’ outlines the history of transfusing animal blood dating back to the 17th century. The 19th century saw the first successful human blood transfusion, but two major issues ... More
4. Water, salt, and blood pressure

4. Water, salt, and blood pressure  

Martin Luck

in Hormones: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2014
Published Online: 
Jul 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780011
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199672875.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199672875
‘Water, salt, and blood pressure’ describes how the balance of water in the body is controlled by several hormones, including vasopressin (arginine vasopressin (AVP)). AVP reduces urine ... More
6. Appetite, fat, and obesity

6. Appetite, fat, and obesity  

Martin Luck

in Hormones: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2014
Published Online: 
Jul 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780011
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199672875.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199672875
‘Appetite, fat, and obesity’ considers the role of insulin in the body’s fat storage process. In the condition diabetes mellitus, the sugar level in the blood rises uncontrollably so the ... More
9. Deuterostomes II: the rise of vertebrates

9. Deuterostomes II: the rise of vertebrates  

Peter Holland

in The Animal Kingdom: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778049
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199593217.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199593217
‘Deuterostomes II: the rise of vertebrates’ describes the key features of animals in the Chordata phylum — large size, efficient blood circulation, dynamic skeleton, intricate brain, ... More
1. A history of blood

1. A history of blood  

Chris Cooper

in Blood: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785467
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199581450.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199581450
‘A history of blood’ considers why the colour red and blood hold such pre-eminence in human language and culture. Views about what function blood actually performed in the body have varied ... More
2. What is blood?

2. What is blood?  

Chris Cooper

in Blood: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785467
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199581450.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199581450
‘What is blood?’ describes the constituent parts of blood: a fluid called plasma in which three different cell types are carried—red cells, white cells, and platelets. Red cells are ... More
1. Medicine at the bedside

1. Medicine at the bedside  

William Bynum

in The History of Medicine: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776984
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199215430.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199215430
‘Medicine at the bedside’ examines the origins of Western medicine in ancient Greece, as relayed by the writings of Hippocrates, and the legacy of Hippocratic medicine. The approach was ... More
7. Death and a new beginning

7. Death and a new beginning  

Richard Bauckham

in Jesus: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777691
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199575275.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199575275
What leads to Jesus' crucifixion? He has enemies, including the Pharisees. In Jerusalem, he clashes with the Temple elite over his claims to speak and act on God's behalf. Even more ... More
4. Bells and whistles

4. Bells and whistles  

Aidan O’Donnell

in Anaesthesia: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777868
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199584543.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199584543
What equipment does the anaesthetist need? ‘Bells and whistles’ demonstrates methods of maintaining the airway during anaesthesia and describes the anaesthetic machine. The most basic ... More
5. Anaesthetic drugs and fluids

5. Anaesthetic drugs and fluids  

Aidan O’Donnell

in Anaesthesia: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777868
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199584543.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199584543
‘Anaesthic drugs and fluids’ looks at anaesthetic gases, such as nitrous oxide, which are used as an anaesthetic agent, intravenous induction agents, muscle-relaxant drugs, analgesics, and ... More
7. Epilogue: the future of blood

7. Epilogue: the future of blood  

Chris Cooper

in Blood: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785467
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199581450.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199581450
For a long time, synthetic biologists have attempted to manufacture an artificial, easily stored and transported, blood substitute that does not require blood typing, is long lasting, and ... More
6. Cell differentiation and stem cells

6. Cell differentiation and stem cells  

Lewis Wolpert

in Developmental Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778100
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199601196.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199601196
The development of many different cell types such as muscle, blood, and skin is known as cell differentiation. ‘Cell differentiation and stem cells’ shows how this first occurs in the ... More
3. When timing goes wrong

3. When timing goes wrong  

Russell G. Foster and Leon Kreitzman

in Circadian Rhythms: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
eISBN: 
9780191787164
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198717683.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198717683
While time of day, interacting with an individual’s chronotype, can have an important impact upon performance and health, severe disruption of the circadian system adds another level of ... More

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