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4. Autism as a neurodevelopmental disorder

4. Autism as a neurodevelopmental disorder  

Uta Frith

in Autism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776922
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199207565.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199207565
‘Autism as a neurodevelopmental disorder’ asks: why is autism a neurodevelopmental disorder? Mental disorders that are ultimately due to genetic causes and present from early childhood are ... More
1. The autism spectrum

1. The autism spectrum  

Uta Frith

in Autism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776922
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199207565.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199207565
‘The autism spectrum’ examines three individuals from different parts of the autism spectrum. It explains how all of the ‘autisms’ originate from before birth, and all affect the developing ... More
8. The new neuropsychology of dreaming

8. The new neuropsychology of dreaming  

J. Allan Hobson

in Dreaming: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775499
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802156.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802156
illustrates that the development of brain imaging techniques such as positron emission tomography (PET), computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has made it possible ... More
6. Disorders of dreaming

6. Disorders of dreaming  

J. Allan Hobson

in Dreaming: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775499
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802156.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802156
‘Disorders of dreaming’ looks at the way in which the brain systems mediating dreaming can become exaggerated or distorted, with unwelcome consequences. Nightmares and night terrors are ... More
1. Sleep through the ages

1. Sleep through the ages  

Steven W. Lockley and Russell G. Foster

in Sleep: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777912
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199587858.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199587858
We used to think of sleep as a state of suspended activity and unconsciousness. Nowadays, we regard sleep as an inconvenience at best, a weakness at worst. Sleep has considerable benefits. ... More
8. Epilogue

8. Epilogue  

Michael O’Shea

in The Brain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776496
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853929.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853929
The ‘Epilogue’ asks: Will we ever truly understand the brain? Modern imaging techniques, such as fMRI, have provided valuable insights into the localization of specific mental actions in ... More
7. From theory to practice

7. From theory to practice  

Uta Frith

in Autism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776922
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199207565.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199207565
‘From theory to practice’ explains that autistic disorders are far too heterogeneous and too complex for a single satisfying account. It is frustrating that there is no answer yet to what ... More
7. Seeing and the brain

7. Seeing and the brain  

Michael Land

in The Eye: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2014
Published Online: 
May 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779961
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199680306.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199680306
About 27 per cent of the human brain cortex is predominantly visual in function, but there are many other areas that are involved less exclusively in visual processing. ‘Seeing and the ... More
5. Science

5. Science  

Ronald de Sousa

in Love: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2015
Published Online: 
Jan 2015
eISBN: 
9780191781353
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199663842.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199663842
Scientific scrutiny of love cannot reduce it to mere physical processes. Other perspectives are needed to explain why these mechanisms exist in the first place and what role they play in ... More
2. From humours to cells: components of mind

2. From humours to cells: components of mind  

Michael O’Shea

in The Brain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776496
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853929.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853929
‘From humours to cells’ explores historical perspectives on the brain. The Greeks were the first to see that the brain was central to thought. Hippocrates postulated that there were four ... More
4. From the Big Bang to the big brain

4. From the Big Bang to the big brain  

Michael O’Shea

in The Brain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776496
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853929.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853929
‘From the Big Bang to the big brain’ charts the evolutionary history of the nervous system. The ability to sense and act on environmental stimuli exists even in single celled organisms. ... More
2. The human brain

2. The human brain  

Susan Blackmore

in Consciousness: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2017
Published Online: 
Oct 2017
eISBN: 
9780191836206
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198794738.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198794738
‘The human brain’ considers the brain as a vast network of connections from which come our extraordinary abilities: perception, learning, memory, reasoning, language, and somehow or ... More
1. What is dreaming?

1. What is dreaming?  

J. Allan Hobson

in Dreaming: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775499
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802156.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802156
‘What is dreaming?’ examines what causes dreaming, and discusses why dreams are so strange and hard to remember. Dreaming is most usefully defined and measured through perceptual, ... More
10. Dream consciousness

10. Dream consciousness  

J. Allan Hobson

in Dreaming: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775499
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802156.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802156
‘Dream consciousness’ describes how modern sleep science has contributed to the dramatic progress of the last decade in understanding the brain basis of consciousness, and how that ... More
2. Why did the analysis of dream content fail to become a science?

2. Why did the analysis of dream content fail to become a science?  

J. Allan Hobson

in Dreaming: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775499
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802156.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802156
‘Why did the analysis of dream content fail to become a science?’ focuses on Freud's psychoanalytic model as it was developed in his Project for a Scientific Psychology (1895) and The ... More
9. Dreaming, learning, and memory

9. Dreaming, learning, and memory  

J. Allan Hobson

in Dreaming: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775499
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802156.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802156
‘Dreaming, learning, and memory’ considers the work of Robert Stickgold and the popular theory that brain activation in sleep is necessary for us to reorder the information inside our ... More
Cognitive Neuroscience: A Very Short Introduction

Cognitive Neuroscience: A Very Short Introduction  

Richard Passingham

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191828607
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198786221.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198786221
Cognitive neuroscience was born in the late 1970s when the study of patients who had suffered brain damage or injury to limited parts of the brain revealed different components and the ... More
3. Brainy?Why are some people cleverer than others?

3. Brainy?: Why are some people cleverer than others?  

Ian J. Deary

in Intelligence: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776854
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192893215.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192893215
What does it mean to say that some people have higher psychometric intelligence than others? Does the ability to answer questions correctly and quickly on a mental test reflect real-world ... More
Conclusion

Conclusion  

J. Allan Hobson

in Dreaming: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775499
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802156.003.0012
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802156
The conclusion highlights three concepts that were not predicted by dream theorists. Firstly, dreaming and other states of consciousness are related to changes in the level of brain ... More
8. Light and dark

8. Light and dark  

Martin Luck

in Hormones: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2014
Published Online: 
Jul 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780011
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199672875.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199672875
Many of the body’s rhythms reflect the circadian cycle, but how do they interact? ‘Light and dark’ describes a network of systems involving the senses, parts of the brain, the activation ... More

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