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2. How does cancer develop?

2. How does cancer develop?  

Nicholas James

in Cancer: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777424
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199560233.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199560233
In order to understand: ‘How does cancer develop?’ it is necessary to know something about basic cell biology. The importance of the cell nucleus for understanding cancer is outlined. ... More
6. Alternative and complementary approaches to cancer care

6. Alternative and complementary approaches to cancer care  

Nicholas James

in Cancer: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777424
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199560233.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199560233
At least half of cancer patients use complementary or alternative medicines. ‘Alternative and complementary approaches to cancer care’ examines some of the very many different therapies ... More
Cancer: A Very Short Introduction

Cancer: A Very Short Introduction  

Nick James

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777424
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199560233.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199560233
Cancer: A Very Short Introduction explains, in non-technical language, what cancer is and what it does. Why, despite constant improvements in treatment techniques, has cancer ... More
5. The economics of cancer care

5. The economics of cancer care  

Nicholas James

in Cancer: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777424
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199560233.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199560233
Modern cancer care is complex and medical technologies and drug therapies are changing rapidly. ‘The costs of cancer care’ charts the different factors that impact on the economics of this ... More
4. Cancer research

4. Cancer research  

Nicholas James

in Cancer: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777424
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199560233.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199560233
The mainstays of cancer treatment have been surgery and radiotherapy. Both of these techniques have seen incremental technical improvements since they were introduced in the ... More
9. Growth, cancer, and ageing

9. Growth, cancer, and ageing  

Lewis Wolpert

in Developmental Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778100
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199601196.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199601196
‘Growth, cancer, and ageing’ first considers growth, which can be due to an increase of cell proliferation, cell enlargement without division, or by accretion of extracellular material, ... More
4. Over-nutrition: problems of overweight and obesity

4. Over-nutrition: problems of overweight and obesity  

David A. Bender

in Nutrition: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2014
Published Online: 
Jun 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779985
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199681921.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199681921
‘Over-nutrition: problems of overweight and obesity’ shows that Western society’s attitude to obesity has changed, and obesity is now considered to be undesirable. A desirable body weight ... More
6. Under-nutrition

6. Under-nutrition  

David A. Bender

in Nutrition: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2014
Published Online: 
Jun 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779985
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199681921.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199681921
Severe under-nutrition is generally associated with developing countries where food is in short supply, affecting some 162 million people world-wide, but malnutrition is also seen in about ... More
1. The size of the cancer problem

1. The size of the cancer problem  

Nicholas James

in Cancer: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777424
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199560233.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199560233
What is the scale of the cancer problem? The raw data is set out in ‘The size of the cancer problem’. The variations in the number of cases diagnosed and the numbers dying from cancer in ... More
3. How is cancer treated?

3. How is cancer treated?  

Nicholas James

in Cancer: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777424
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199560233.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199560233
The treatment of cancer is complex and involves the input of many different health professionals. ‘How is cancer treated?’ presents this complex picture as a journey from symptoms to ... More
7. Cellular therapy

7. Cellular therapy  

Terence Allen and Graham Cowling

in The Cell: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777745
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578757.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199578757
Most diseases have cellular origins. The majority can be traced to simple biochemical imbalances that can often be corrected by drugs. ‘Cellular therapy’ shows that some complex diseases, ... More
7. The immune system v2.0: biological and immune therapies

7. The immune system v2.0: biological and immune therapies  

Paul Klenerman

in The Immune System: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2017
Published Online: 
Nov 2017
eISBN: 
9780191815706
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198753902.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198753902
This VSI examines the basic building blocks of the immune system, how they work as a team, and what happens when the teamwork breaks down. Researchers apply this basic knowledge working to ... More
4. You are what you eat

4. You are what you eat  

John Krebs

in Food: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778582
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199661084.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199661084
The biggest risks associated with our food are the contribution that it makes our likelihood of contracting major chronic diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, and stroke. ‘You ... More
3. Mutations and gene variants

3. Mutations and gene variants  

Jonathan Slack

in Genes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2014
Published Online: 
Sep 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780950
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199676507.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199676507
All gene variants originate as mutations. Most variants in the genome of any given individual are not new mutations but have been inherited from previous generations. ‘Mutations and gene ... More
6. Stem cells

6. Stem cells  

Terence Allen and Graham Cowling

in The Cell: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777745
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578757.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199578757
How are the billions of cells in our bodies made? In plants and animals, there are cells capable of producing every type of cell the organism will need from birth to death. Once an organism ... More
6. What can we expect in the future?

6. What can we expect in the future?  

Les Iversen

in Drugs: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2016
Published Online: 
Jun 2016
eISBN: 
9780191808210
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198745792.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198745792
‘What can we expect in the future?’ considers changing attitudes to drugs in the 21st century, the current pharmaceutical industry, and the rise of personalized medicines as a result of a ... More
7. Molecular biology in the clinic

7. Molecular biology in the clinic  

Aysha Divan and Janice A. Royds

in Molecular Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2016
Published Online: 
Aug 2016
eISBN: 
9780191791192
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198723882.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198723882
Environmental agents can cause genetic and epigenetic changes to DNA, the consequences of which lead to deregulation of cellular processes and pathways that cause disease. Genetic variation ... More
5. The hard stuff: calcium, cells, bones, and cancer

5. The hard stuff: calcium, cells, bones, and cancer  

Martin Luck

in Hormones: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2014
Published Online: 
Jul 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780011
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199672875.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199672875
‘The hard stuff: calcium, cells, bones, and cancer’ considers calcium and the hormone systems that regulate it. These hormones keep the correct balance between the highly reactive Ca2+ ... More
8. Light and dark

8. Light and dark  

Martin Luck

in Hormones: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2014
Published Online: 
Jul 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780011
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199672875.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199672875
Many of the body’s rhythms reflect the circadian cycle, but how do they interact? ‘Light and dark’ describes a network of systems involving the senses, parts of the brain, the activation ... More
The Cell: A Very Short Introduction

The Cell: A Very Short Introduction  

Terence Allen and Graham Cowling

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777745
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578757.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199578757
The Cell: A Very Short Introduction describes the nature of cells — their basic structure, their varying forms, their division, their differentiation from initially highly ... More

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