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9. The indispensable welfare state

9. The indispensable welfare state  

David Garland

in The Welfare State: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2016
Published Online: 
Apr 2016
eISBN: 
9780191780981
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199672660.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199672660
‘The indispensable welfare state’ concludes that the welfare state is a fundamental dimension of modern government, integral to the economic functioning and social health of capitalist ... More
2. Where did capitalism come from?

2. Where did capitalism come from?  

James Fulcher

in Capitalism: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2015
Published Online: 
Jun 2015
eISBN: 
9780191793011
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198726074.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198726074
How did capitalism originate? ‘Where did capitalism come from?’ argues that although capitalist production made its first fully developed appearance in Britain, key capitalist institutions ... More
10. Green aspirations and anarchist futures

10. Green aspirations and anarchist futures  

Colin Ward

in Anarchism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776069
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804778.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804778
Anarchist thinkers were warning of the limits of growth well before the notion entered popular discourse. Today, we have a vast literature on the problems of lack of resources and ... More
9. Fascism and class

9. Fascism and class  

Kevin Passmore

in Fascism: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
May 2014
Published Online: 
May 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779848
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199685363.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199685363
‘Fascism and class’ examines the social make-up and motivations of fascist supporters, and then asks how the strategies of fascist activists shaped fascism's appeal. At one time fascism was ... More
3. Working a career

3. Working a career  

Stephen Fineman

in Work: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778452
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199699360.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199699360
How do we define a career? It can be defined by a single term. Alternatively it can be defined by a series of disconnected occupations. The attractiveness of various careers ebb and flow ... More
4. An economy of “self-reliance”

4. An economy of “self-reliance”  

Richard Curt Kraus

in The Cultural Revolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780199365814
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199740550.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199740550
‘An economy of “self-reliance”’ assesses Maoist economic policies. China was traditionally poor but egalitarian. Disorder at the start of the Cultural Revolution caused decline, before ... More
5. The cultural dimension of globalization

5. The cultural dimension of globalization  

Manfred B. Steger

in Globalization: A Very Short Introduction (4th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2017
Published Online: 
Apr 2017
eISBN: 
9780191824593
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198779551.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198779551
Cultural globalization refers to the intensification and expansion of cultural flows across the globe. Facilitated by the Internet and our proliferating mobile digital devices, the dominant ... More
8. The future of globalization

8. The future of globalization  

Manfred B. Steger

in Globalization: A Very Short Introduction (4th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2017
Published Online: 
Apr 2017
eISBN: 
9780191824593
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198779551.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198779551
In recent decades, the intensification of social relations across world-space and world-time has both generated and responded to new global problems beyond the reach of any single ... More
5. Critique of modernity

5. Critique of modernity  

Bhikhu Parekh

in Gandhi: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776816
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854575.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854575
‘Critique of modernity’ explains how, for Gandhi, modern civilization neglected the soul, privileged the body, misunderstood the nature and limits of reason, and had no appreciation of the ... More
8. Quiet revolutions

8. Quiet revolutions  

Colin Ward

in Anarchism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2004
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776069
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804778.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804778
Have the aspirations of the anarchists of the last century been a catalogue of impossible hopes? ‘Quiet revolutions’ argues that the answer is no. In a partial, albeit incomplete, but ... More
Introduction: Why German philosophy?

Introduction: Why German philosophy?  

Andrew Bowie

in German Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777561
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199569250.003.010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199569250
German Philosophy: A Very Short Introduction explores what German philosophy tells us about some of the major problems of modernity. The growth of interest in German philosophy ... More
5. Struggling, surviving, thriving

5. Struggling, surviving, thriving  

Stephen Fineman

in Work: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778452
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199699360.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199699360
We have an innate need to find meaning in what we do. To Karl Marx this was an ideological problem: the capitalist system separated workers from their own self-realization. By the late 20th ... More
1. What is the welfare state?

1. What is the welfare state?  

David Garland

in The Welfare State: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2016
Published Online: 
Apr 2016
eISBN: 
9780191780981
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199672660.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199672660
There are three general conceptions used for the welfare state: the first characterizes the welfare state as welfare for the poor; the second focuses on social insurance, social rights, and ... More
6. Where do we go from here?

6. Where do we go from here?  

Mary Jo Hatch

in Organizations: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777851
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199584536.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199584536
‘Where do we go from here?’ provides some thoughts on the future of organizations and organizing. In the modern world, the mix-and-match pastiche of work conditions will cause constant ... More
1. Globalization: a contested concept

1. Globalization: a contested concept  

Manfred B. Steger

in Globalization: A Very Short Introduction (4th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2017
Published Online: 
Apr 2017
eISBN: 
9780191824593
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198779551.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198779551
‘Globalization: a contested concept’ attempts to provide a definition of globalization. Globalization first appeared in the 1940s, but did not gain widespread traction until the 1990s, with ... More
2. Globalization in history: is globalization a new phenomenon?

2. Globalization in history: is globalization a new phenomenon?  

Manfred B. Steger

in Globalization: A Very Short Introduction (4th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2017
Published Online: 
Apr 2017
eISBN: 
9780191824593
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198779551.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198779551
‘Globalization and history: is globalization a new phenomenon?’ gives a brief history of globalization. Globalization is commonly thought of as a new phenomenon, but contact between diverse ... More
9. Communism and revolution

9. Communism and revolution  

Peter Singer

in Marx: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2018
Published Online: 
Mar 2018
eISBN: 
9780191860652
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198821076.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198821076
How, in Marx’s view, would capitalism be overthrown? And what kind of society did Marx believe would replace capitalism? The simple answers are: capitalism would be overthrown by revolution ... More
6. The vision of a non-violent society

6. The vision of a non-violent society  

Bhikhu Parekh

in Gandhi: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776816
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854575.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854575
‘The vision of a non-violent society’ examines Gandhi's principles for the good society. Gandhi believed that, since different societies had different histories and traditions, the search ... More
6. The ecological dimension of globalization

6. The ecological dimension of globalization  

Manfred B. Steger

in Globalization: A Very Short Introduction (4th edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2017
Published Online: 
Apr 2017
eISBN: 
9780191824593
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198779551.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198779551
‘The ecological dimension of globalization’ examines the effects of global alliances on ecological issues. The ecological effects of globalization—impacted by the economic, political, and ... More
2. Myths and beliefs

2. Myths and beliefs  

William Doyle

in Aristocracy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776908
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199206780.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199206780
‘Myths and beliefs’ looks at how nobles created an idealized identity for themselves. Few aristocracies predated early-medieval times, but more ancient origins were often claimed. ... More

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