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6. Life in the Solar System

6. Life in the Solar System  

David C. Catling

in Astrobiology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2013
Published Online: 
Oct 2013
eISBN: 
9780191779923
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199586455.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199586455
On Earth, wherever we find liquid water, we find life, whether in bubbling hot springs, drops of brine inside ice, or films of water around minerals deep in the crust. ‘Life in the Solar ... More
8. Geology for society and the environment

8. Geology for society and the environment  

Jan Zalasiewicz

in Geology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2018
Published Online: 
Jul 2018
eISBN: 
9780191842771
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198804451.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198804451
Geology is involved, somehow or another, in most of the resources that sustain us. Equally, it is a significant factor in many of the hazards that threaten us, and geology is often involved ... More
3. Its principles: energy and entropy

3. Its principles: energy and entropy  

Peter Atkins

in Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2015
Published Online: 
Feb 2015
eISBN: 
9780191782459
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199683970.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199683970
To understand why and how reactions take place and why and how bonds form in all their variety, chemists think about the energy changes that take place when processes occur. ‘Its ... More
2. Marine biological processes

2. Marine biological processes  

Philip V. Mladenov

in Marine Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778407
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199695058.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199695058
Around half of the planet's primary production is made within the Global Ocean. For the most part, the primary producers are minute, short-lived microorganisms suspended in the sunlit ... More
5. Marine life in the tropics

5. Marine life in the tropics  

Philip V. Mladenov

in Marine Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778407
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199695058.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199695058
The areas where the surface waters are consistently warm at around 20oC or more are considered tropical marine environments. ‘Marine life in the tropics’ looks at the biological composition ... More
3. Origins of life and environment

3. Origins of life and environment  

David C. Catling

in Astrobiology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2013
Published Online: 
Oct 2013
eISBN: 
9780191779923
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199586455.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199586455
‘Origins of life and environment’ explains that quite how life arose is unknown. It may have originated on Earth or it may have been carried here by space dust or meteorites, but there is ... More
7. Far-off worlds, distant suns

7. Far-off worlds, distant suns  

David C. Catling

in Astrobiology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2013
Published Online: 
Oct 2013
eISBN: 
9780191779923
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199586455.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199586455
Beyond the Solar System, astronomers have discovered over 3,400 exoplanets. ‘Far-off worlds, distant suns’ explores the hunt for exoplanets and describes the methods astronomers have ... More
8. Controversies and prospects

8. Controversies and prospects  

David C. Catling

in Astrobiology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2013
Published Online: 
Oct 2013
eISBN: 
9780191779923
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199586455.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199586455
‘Controversies and prospects’ examines the Rare Earth Hypothesis and looks at prospects for astrobiology and finding life elsewhere. The Rare Earth Hypothesis is that the fortuitous ... More
3. Thermal nuclear reactors

3. Thermal nuclear reactors  

Maxwell Irvine

in Nuclear Power: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777875
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199584970.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199584970
‘Thermal nuclear reactors’ explains how the technology that had ended the Second World War was turned into a source of civil power. It is now more than fifty years since operations of the ... More
2. Atmosphere and oceans

2. Atmosphere and oceans  

Mark Maslin

in Climate: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778254
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199641130.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199641130
Our weather resides in the atmosphere. It begins on the Earth's surface and becomes thinner the higher it gets. The oceans play a crucial role in controlling weather and climate. ... More
6. Global climate cooling

6. Global climate cooling  

Mark Maslin

in Climate: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778254
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199641130.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199641130
Over the last 50 million years, small variations in the movements of continents have changed the Earth's climate from being a greenhouse to an icehouse. ‘Global climate cooling’ explains ... More
8. Polymers, plastics, and textiles

8. Polymers, plastics, and textiles  

Graham Patrick

in Organic Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
eISBN: 
9780191820779
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198759775.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198759775
Over the last fifty years, synthetic materials have largely replaced natural materials such as wood, leather, wool, and cotton. Plastics and polymers are perhaps the most visible sign of ... More
3. Tough but slippery

3. Tough but slippery  

Christopher Hall

in Materials: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2014
Published Online: 
Oct 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781247
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199672677.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199672677
‘Tough but slippery’ considers the physical characteristics of materials. Understanding properties in certain materials allows us to predict their behaviour and to use them appropriately in ... More
1. Water, water everywhere …

1. Water, water everywhere …  

John Finney

in Water: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2015
Published Online: 
Aug 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785597
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198708728.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198708728
Water (H2O) is the most abundant compound on the Earth’s surface and occurs naturally in gas, liquid, and solid forms. It is estimated that there are 1.9 billion billion tonnes of water on ... More
6. Such quantities of sand

6. Such quantities of sand  

Christopher Hall

in Materials: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2014
Published Online: 
Oct 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781247
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199672677.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199672677
‘Such quantities of sand’ looks at sustainability and considers three features of the global materials system that need fixing: carbon dioxide emissions, world energy supply, and finite ... More
3. The Ice Age cometh

3. The Ice Age cometh  

Bill McGuire

in Global Catastrophes: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2014
Published Online: 
Aug 2014
eISBN: 
9780191784088
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198715931.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198715931
What turns ice ages on and off? ‘The Ice Age cometh’ considers the potential impact global warming may have on the arrival of the next expected Ice Age. Will global warming fend it off or ... More
4. Modelling future climate

4. Modelling future climate  

Mark Maslin

in Climate Change: A Very Short Introduction (3rd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2014
Published Online: 
Oct 2014
eISBN: 
9780191788376
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198719045.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198719045
‘Modelling future climate’ is about understanding the fundamental physical processes of the climate system. Modelling future climate considers the carbon cycle, cooling effects, carbon ... More
3. Regulation

3. Regulation  

Tim Lenton

in Earth System Science: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2016
Published Online: 
Feb 2016
eISBN: 
9780191788338
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198718871.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198718871
The Earth system has maintained habitable conditions for life over geological periods of time. These conditions include an equable global temperature, enough atmospheric carbon dioxide to ... More
Marine Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Marine Biology: A Very Short Introduction  

Philip V. Mladenov

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778407
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199695058.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199695058
Marine Biology: A Very Short Introduction looks at marine life and marine processes. The marine environment is the largest, most important, and most mysterious habitat on our ... More
1. The marine environment

1. The marine environment  

Philip V. Mladenov

in Marine Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778407
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199695058.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199695058
The Global Ocean contains about 97 percent of the world's water. It is divided into five regional oceans: the Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Arctic, and Southern Oceans. ‘The marine ... More

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