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6. Clinical negligence

6. Clinical negligence  

Charles Foster

in Medical Law: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778322
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199660445.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199660445
‘Clinical negligence’ discusses no-fault schemes and the elements of clinical negligence claims in tort. A claimant must prove that the defendant owed him a duty of care, there has been a ... More
1. The problem: what's the matter with causation?

1. The problem: what's the matter with causation?  

Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum

in Causation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2013
Published Online: 
Nov 2013
eISBN: 
9780191779909
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199684434.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199684434
‘The problem: what's the matter with causation?’ asks a philosophical question: what is causation? We have to know what causation is (or at least have some idea of it) before we can start ... More
10. Finding causes: where are they?

10. Finding causes: where are they?  

Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum

in Causation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2013
Published Online: 
Nov 2013
eISBN: 
9780191779909
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199684434.003.0011
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199684434
How do we find causes? Is there some method by which we can discover that one sort of thing is causally connected to another? How good is our causal knowledge? ‘Finding causes: where are ... More
9. Is nothing something?

9. Is nothing something?  

Stephen Mumford

in Metaphysics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778308
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199657124.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199657124
‘Is nothing something?’ considers nothingness. Philosophers have been deeply divided on the subject of nothings and absences. Some have allowed them some degree of reality of being. Do ... More
8. Primitivism: is causation the most basic thing?

8. Primitivism: is causation the most basic thing?  

Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum

in Causation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2013
Published Online: 
Nov 2013
eISBN: 
9780191779909
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199684434.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199684434
What if causation cannot be defined? Is it not one of the most basic and fundamental things? In that case, perhaps other notions are defined in terms of it: causation itself might be ... More
7. Pluralism: is causation many different things?

7. Pluralism: is causation many different things?  

Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum

in Causation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2013
Published Online: 
Nov 2013
eISBN: 
9780191779909
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199684434.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199684434
‘Pluralism: is causation many different things?’ proposes that no single theory can explain all cases of causation. Socrates' belief that there is a single essence to something is compared ... More
Stoicism: A Very Short Introduction

Stoicism: A Very Short Introduction  

Brad Inwood

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2018
Published Online: 
Jul 2018
eISBN: 
9780191828973
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198786665.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198786665
Stoicism: A Very Short Introduction introduces Stoic philosophy, and explains how ancient Stoicism survived and evolved into the movement we see today. Exploring the roots of ... More
3. The origins of the schoolStoicism and Plato

3. The origins of the school: Stoicism and Plato  

Brad Inwood

in Stoicism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2018
Published Online: 
Jul 2018
eISBN: 
9780191828973
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198786665.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198786665
The earliest Stoics shared a great deal with Plato and his followers, so why didn’t the early Stoics just join Plato’s Academy? The problem was metaphysics. Plato’s most distinctive ... More
5. Ethics

5. Ethics  

Brad Inwood

in Stoicism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2018
Published Online: 
Jul 2018
eISBN: 
9780191828973
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198786665.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198786665
Ethics is the part of the Stoics’ legacy that is most prominent and influential today. Their theory of the good life for human beings falls into the family of theories associated with ... More
6. Logic

6. Logic  

Brad Inwood

in Stoicism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2018
Published Online: 
Jul 2018
eISBN: 
9780191828973
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198786665.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198786665
‘Logic’ explains that logic has a broad and a narrow sense in Stoic theory and deals with a subset of sayables and meanings. Their logic is close to what we would call propositional logic. ... More
5. What is a cause?

5. What is a cause?  

Stephen Mumford

in Metaphysics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778308
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199657124.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199657124
‘What is a cause?’ describes why causation is vital and what causal connections are. Without causation nothing would matter to anything else. We might think of a cause as one event followed ... More
4. What is a change?

4. What is a change?  

Stephen Mumford

in Metaphysics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778308
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199657124.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199657124
‘What is a change?’ discusses events and processes where change is involved. An event may involve just a single change, whereas a process suggests a complex series of more than one change ... More
4. Eternity

4. Eternity  

Peter Adamson

in Philosophy in the Islamic World: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2015
Published Online: 
Sep 2015
eISBN: 
9780191785429
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199683673.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199683673
The issue most strongly associated with the history of philosophy in the Islamic world is the eternity of the universe. It features in several key works from the Islamic world—notably ... More
Why causation?

Why causation?  

Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum

in Causation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2013
Published Online: 
Nov 2013
eISBN: 
9780191779909
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199684434.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199684434
‘Why causation?’ introduces the reader to one of the core topics in philosophy, but which is important to everyone whether a scientist, social scientist, or philosopher. The key theories of ... More
5. Counterfactual dependence: do causes make a difference?

5. Counterfactual dependence: do causes make a difference?  

Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum

in Causation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2013
Published Online: 
Nov 2013
eISBN: 
9780191779909
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199684434.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199684434
Causes, we might say, make a difference to what happens. They are difference makers. ‘Counterfactual dependence: do causes make a difference?’ considers counterfactual dependence as a test ... More
4. Physics

4. Physics  

Brad Inwood

in Stoicism: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2018
Published Online: 
Jul 2018
eISBN: 
9780191828973
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198786665.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198786665
One of the main dividing lines in Greek physical theory was the question of the nature of matter. ‘Physics’ explains that the Stoics fit squarely into the non-atomistic tradition, being ... More
6. Quantifying the dynamics of uncertainty

6. Quantifying the dynamics of uncertainty  

Leonard A. Smith

in Chaos: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2007
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776410
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853783.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853783
‘Quantifying the dynamics of uncertainty’ examines how uncertainty can affect predictions. The auto-correlation function can be used to measure linear correlation between states a set ... More
Metaphysics: A Very Short Introduction

Metaphysics: A Very Short Introduction  

Stephen Mumford

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778308
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199657124.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199657124
Metaphysics: A Very Short Introduction looks at the basic and most important questions of metaphysical thought in order to understand the theory: What are objects? Do colours ... More
9. Dispositionalism: what tends to be?

9. Dispositionalism: what tends to be?  

Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum

in Causation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2013
Published Online: 
Nov 2013
eISBN: 
9780191779909
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199684434.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199684434
What is the dispositionalist theory of causation? ‘Dispositionalism: what tends to be?’ outlines the ideas of dispositionalism where causation is essentially dispositional in nature. It is ... More
3. Time and space: do causes occur before their effects?

3. Time and space: do causes occur before their effects?  

Stephen Mumford and Rani Lill Anjum

in Causation: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2013
Published Online: 
Nov 2013
eISBN: 
9780191779909
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199684434.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199684434
‘Time and space: do causes occur before their effects?’ considers David Hume's ideas of temporal priority and contiguity for causation. Temporal priority means that causes must precede ... More

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