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9. Growth, cancer, and ageing

9. Growth, cancer, and ageing  

Lewis Wolpert

in Developmental Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778100
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199601196.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199601196
‘Growth, cancer, and ageing’ first considers growth, which can be due to an increase of cell proliferation, cell enlargement without division, or by accretion of extracellular material, ... More
7. Epilogue: the future of blood

7. Epilogue: the future of blood  

Chris Cooper

in Blood: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785467
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199581450.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199581450
For a long time, synthetic biologists have attempted to manufacture an artificial, easily stored and transported, blood substitute that does not require blood typing, is long lasting, and ... More
5. Robot swarms, evolution, and symbiosis

5. Robot swarms, evolution, and symbiosis  

Alan Winfield

in Robotics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778414
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199695980.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199695980
Robots often work with other robots. The idea of multi-robot systems is not new, but it is only recently that commercial systems have become available. ‘Robot swarms, evolution, and ... More
4. Potential therapies using pluripotent stem cells

4. Potential therapies using pluripotent stem cells  

Jonathan Slack

in Stem Cells: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778162
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199603381.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199603381
‘Potential therapies using pluripotent stem cells’ examines some of the diseases that may be the first to be treated by cell therapy using pluripotent stem cells. Pluripotent stem cells may ... More
5. What cells can do

5. What cells can do  

Terence Allen and Graham Cowling

in The Cell: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777745
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578757.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199578757
‘What cells can do’ examines varied examples of cell specialisms that allow an organism to protect itself and respond to its environment. Firstly, it considers cells at the surface — ... More
3. Take the strain: materials from molecules

3. Take the strain: materials from molecules  

Philip Ball

in Molecules: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2003
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776724
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854308.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854308
‘Take the strain: materials from molecules’ examines the molecular basis of materials science. Nature can perform countless tasks by employing many intricate molecular structures. This ... More
3. Biological robotics

3. Biological robotics  

Alan Winfield

in Robotics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778414
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199695980.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199695980
Since the late 1980s, there has been a major shift in the approach of intelligent robots towards what are termed ‘biological inspiration’, or bio-inspired, robots. Bio-inspired means two ... More
3. Personalized pluripotent stem cells

3. Personalized pluripotent stem cells  

Jonathan Slack

in Stem Cells: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778162
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199603381.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199603381
‘Personalized pluripotent stem cells’ looks at cloning. This connection to stem cell biology lies in the potential routes that have been sought to make personalized pluripotent stem cells ... More
3. Invertebrates and plants

3. Invertebrates and plants  

Lewis Wolpert

in Developmental Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778100
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199601196.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199601196
‘Invertebrates and plants’ considers the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster and the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, as examples of invertebrate development, and the small cress-like weed ... More
4. The life of cells

4. The life of cells  

Terence Allen and Graham Cowling

in The Cell: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777745
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578757.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199578757
‘The life of cells’ explains the ‘cell cycle’ by considering the processes involved. Firstly, the cell needs to duplicate all of its molecules. At the organelle level, several hundred ... More
7. Cellular therapy

7. Cellular therapy  

Terence Allen and Graham Cowling

in The Cell: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777745
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578757.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199578757
Most diseases have cellular origins. The majority can be traced to simple biochemical imbalances that can often be corrected by drugs. ‘Cellular therapy’ shows that some complex diseases, ... More
5. Medicine in the laboratory

5. Medicine in the laboratory  

William Bynum

in The History of Medicine: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776984
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199215430.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199215430
‘Medicine in the laboratory’ explores how medicine became a more scientific field, moving away from its reliance upon the experience of doctors towards results obtained by experiment in the ... More
5. Solar photovoltaics

5. Solar photovoltaics  

Nick Jelley

in Renewable Energy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2020
Published Online: 
Mar 2020
eISBN: 
9780191864087
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198825401.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198825401
‘Solar photovoltaics’ considers developments in solar technology and their potential contribution to global energy generation. Since the invention of silicon solar cells, it has taken some ... More
10. A glance into the future

10. A glance into the future  

Michael Dunn and Tony Hope

in Medical Ethics: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2018
Published Online: 
Nov 2018
eISBN: 
9780191853173
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198815600.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198815600
The future of medical ethics, the ways in which it will develop and change, will be largely determined by the nature of the new situations that arise. ‘A glance into the future’ suggests ... More
6. Cell differentiation and stem cells

6. Cell differentiation and stem cells  

Lewis Wolpert

in Developmental Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778100
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199601196.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199601196
The development of many different cell types such as muscle, blood, and skin is known as cell differentiation. ‘Cell differentiation and stem cells’ shows how this first occurs in the ... More
2. Embryonic stem cells

2. Embryonic stem cells  

Jonathan Slack

in Stem Cells: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778162
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199603381.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199603381
‘Embryonic stem cells’ looks at mammalian embryo development and how embryonic stem (ES) cells are grown. ES cells are grown in tissue culture from the inner cell mass of a mammalian ... More
6. Current therapy with tissue-specific stem cells

6. Current therapy with tissue-specific stem cells  

Jonathan Slack

in Stem Cells: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778162
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199603381.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199603381
‘Current therapy with tissue-specific stem cells’ examines the most important type of current stem cell therapy — haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). HSCT covers bone marrow ... More
5. Tissue-specific stem cells

5. Tissue-specific stem cells  

Jonathan Slack

in Stem Cells: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778162
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199603381.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199603381
‘Tissue-specific stem cells’ considers the stem cells found in the postnatal body that are responsible for tissue renewal, or for repair following damage. Only the renewal tissues really ... More
3. Fungal genetics and life cycles

3. Fungal genetics and life cycles  

Nicholas P. Money

in Fungi: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785825
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688784.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688784
All of the structures produced by fungi, from simple budding yeast cells to long-lived bracket mushrooms, are encoded in genes. The genome of the fungus is a blueprint for its organization ... More
2. How microbes operate

2. How microbes operate  

Nicholas P. Money

in Microbiology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2014
Published Online: 
Dec 2014
eISBN: 
9780191781605
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199681686.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199681686
‘How microbes operate’ considers the mechanisms that sustain prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms. All active cells must be supplied with water and an energy source. Absorption of ... More

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