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9. Growth, cancer, and ageing

9. Growth, cancer, and ageing  

Lewis Wolpert

in Developmental Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778100
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199601196.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199601196
‘Growth, cancer, and ageing’ first considers growth, which can be due to an increase of cell proliferation, cell enlargement without division, or by accretion of extracellular material, ... More
7. Epilogue: the future of blood

7. Epilogue: the future of blood  

Chris Cooper

in Blood: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785467
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199581450.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199581450
For a long time, synthetic biologists have attempted to manufacture an artificial, easily stored and transported, blood substitute that does not require blood typing, is long lasting, and ... More
4. Potential therapies using pluripotent stem cells

4. Potential therapies using pluripotent stem cells  

Jonathan Slack

in Stem Cells: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778162
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199603381.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199603381
‘Potential therapies using pluripotent stem cells’ examines some of the diseases that may be the first to be treated by cell therapy using pluripotent stem cells. Pluripotent stem cells may ... More
5. Robot swarms, evolution, and symbiosis

5. Robot swarms, evolution, and symbiosis  

Alan Winfield

in Robotics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778414
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199695980.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199695980
Robots often work with other robots. The idea of multi-robot systems is not new, but it is only recently that commercial systems have become available. ‘Robot swarms, evolution, and ... More
5. What cells can do

5. What cells can do  

Terence Allen and Graham Cowling

in The Cell: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777745
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578757.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199578757
‘What cells can do’ examines varied examples of cell specialisms that allow an organism to protect itself and respond to its environment. Firstly, it considers cells at the surface — ... More
3. Personalized pluripotent stem cells

3. Personalized pluripotent stem cells  

Jonathan Slack

in Stem Cells: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778162
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199603381.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199603381
‘Personalized pluripotent stem cells’ looks at cloning. This connection to stem cell biology lies in the potential routes that have been sought to make personalized pluripotent stem cells ... More
4. The life of cells

4. The life of cells  

Terence Allen and Graham Cowling

in The Cell: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777745
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578757.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199578757
‘The life of cells’ explains the ‘cell cycle’ by considering the processes involved. Firstly, the cell needs to duplicate all of its molecules. At the organelle level, several hundred ... More
5. Medicine in the laboratory

5. Medicine in the laboratory  

William Bynum

in The History of Medicine: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776984
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199215430.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199215430
‘Medicine in the laboratory’ explores how medicine became a more scientific field, moving away from its reliance upon the experience of doctors towards results obtained by experiment in the ... More
3. Biological robotics

3. Biological robotics  

Alan Winfield

in Robotics: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778414
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199695980.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199695980
Since the late 1980s, there has been a major shift in the approach of intelligent robots towards what are termed ‘biological inspiration’, or bio-inspired, robots. Bio-inspired means two ... More
7. Cellular therapy

7. Cellular therapy  

Terence Allen and Graham Cowling

in The Cell: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777745
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578757.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199578757
Most diseases have cellular origins. The majority can be traced to simple biochemical imbalances that can often be corrected by drugs. ‘Cellular therapy’ shows that some complex diseases, ... More
3. Invertebrates and plants

3. Invertebrates and plants  

Lewis Wolpert

in Developmental Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778100
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199601196.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199601196
‘Invertebrates and plants’ considers the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster and the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, as examples of invertebrate development, and the small cress-like weed ... More
3. Take the strain: materials from molecules

3. Take the strain: materials from molecules  

Philip Ball

in Molecules: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2003
Published Online: 
Apr 2014
eISBN: 
9780191776724
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192854308.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192854308
‘Take the strain: materials from molecules’ examines the molecular basis of materials science. Nature can perform countless tasks by employing many intricate molecular structures. This ... More
6. Its achievements

6. Its achievements  

Peter Atkins

in Chemistry: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2015
Published Online: 
Feb 2015
eISBN: 
9780191782459
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199683970.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199683970
‘Its achievements’ shows how the principles and concepts outlined in the preceding chapters contribute to the modern world. It reviews chemistry’s contribution to modern materials, ... More
5. Tissue-specific stem cells

5. Tissue-specific stem cells  

Jonathan Slack

in Stem Cells: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778162
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199603381.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199603381
‘Tissue-specific stem cells’ considers the stem cells found in the postnatal body that are responsible for tissue renewal, or for repair following damage. Only the renewal tissues really ... More
6. Current therapy with tissue-specific stem cells

6. Current therapy with tissue-specific stem cells  

Jonathan Slack

in Stem Cells: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778162
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199603381.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199603381
‘Current therapy with tissue-specific stem cells’ examines the most important type of current stem cell therapy — haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). HSCT covers bone marrow ... More
2. What is blood?

2. What is blood?  

Chris Cooper

in Blood: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785467
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199581450.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199581450
‘What is blood?’ describes the constituent parts of blood: a fluid called plasma in which three different cell types are carried—red cells, white cells, and platelets. Red cells are ... More
6. Stem cells

6. Stem cells  

Terence Allen and Graham Cowling

in The Cell: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2011
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777745
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578757.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199578757
How are the billions of cells in our bodies made? In plants and animals, there are cells capable of producing every type of cell the organism will need from birth to death. Once an organism ... More
10. A glance into the future

10. A glance into the future  

Michael Dunn and Tony Hope

in Medical Ethics: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2018
Published Online: 
Nov 2018
eISBN: 
9780191853173
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198815600.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198815600
The future of medical ethics, the ways in which it will develop and change, will be largely determined by the nature of the new situations that arise. ‘A glance into the future’ suggests ... More
3. Fungal genetics and life cycles

3. Fungal genetics and life cycles  

Nicholas P. Money

in Fungi: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2016
Published Online: 
Jan 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785825
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688784.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688784
All of the structures produced by fungi, from simple budding yeast cells to long-lived bracket mushrooms, are encoded in genes. The genome of the fungus is a blueprint for its organization ... More
4. Haemoglobin

4. Haemoglobin  

Chris Cooper

in Blood: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785467
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199581450.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199581450
‘Haemoglobin’ explains the key role played by this protein: binding oxygen in the lungs and carrying it around the blood circulation, where it is offloaded to every cell in the body. ... More

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