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11. The interpretation of dreams

11. The interpretation of dreams  

J. Allan Hobson

in Dreaming: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775499
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802156.003.0011
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802156
‘The interpretation of dreams’ considers, in light of modern neuroscience, the ways in which Sigmund Freud's psychoanalysis theories were both right and wrong. Freud's correctly emphasized ... More
5. NEP: society and culture

5. NEP: society and culture  

S. A. Smith

in The Russian Revolution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776502
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853950.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853950
From the start of the NEP, social inequality rose. Class remained a fragile structure. ‘NEP: society and culture’ considers what the Soviets did to refashion the social systems in Russia, ... More
1. The political popular

1. The political popular  

Ashish Rajadhyaksha

in Indian Cinema: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191789694
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198723097.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198723097
Very little of India’s early cinema has been preserved, so its history is based on intense memories and short remnants of films. Indian cinema was ‘officially’ born with Dhundiraj Govind ... More
3. Partition and the ‘all-India’ film

3. Partition and the ‘all-India’ film  

Ashish Rajadhyaksha

in Indian Cinema: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191789694
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198723097.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198723097
India officially became ‘independent’ in 1947 and a Republic in 1950. Neither were easy transitions. The cinema would inherit all of India’s political contradictions. It would soon become ... More
8. Security

8. Security  

David J. Bodenhamer

in The U.S. Constitution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2018
Published Online: 
Apr 2018
eISBN: 
9780190865689
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780195378320.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780195378320
Armed conflict poses an imminent threat to the nation’s existence, but so does suspension of the nation’s fundamental laws. The framers wrestled with how to grant government the power to ... More
5. Cinema and the outer world

5. Cinema and the outer world  

Geoffrey Nowell-Smith

in The History of Cinema: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2017
Published Online: 
Nov 2017
eISBN: 
9780191788963
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198701774.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198701774
The world in which cinema grew up was one of constant change, not always for the better. There was technological change, of which the cinema itself was part. There were wars and ... More
6. Conclusion: seven epochs of cinema

6. Conclusion: seven epochs of cinema  

Geoffrey Nowell-Smith

in The History of Cinema: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2017
Published Online: 
Nov 2017
eISBN: 
9780191788963
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198701774.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198701774
The cinema has not developed in a straight line, nor has it simply progressed to greater and greater achievements. Instead, it developed in different ways in different places at different ... More
4. The new cinemas

4. The new cinemas  

Ashish Rajadhyaksha

in Indian Cinema: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191789694
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198723097.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198723097
In 1956, a decade after Independence, India divided its regional states along linguistic lines. This politically-loaded decision opened up fraught histories that went back well over a ... More
Indian Cinema: A Very Short Introduction

Indian Cinema: A Very Short Introduction  

Ashish Rajadhyaksha

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191789694
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198723097.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198723097
One film out of every five made anywhere comes from India. From its beginnings under colonial rule through to the heights of Bollywood, Indian cinema has challenged social injustices such ... More
2. Late colonial India

2. Late colonial India  

Ashish Rajadhyaksha

in Indian Cinema: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191789694
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198723097.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198723097
Between 1920 and 1931 India saw its first boom in indigenous film production. Indian cinema was clearly set to take-off, but where to? Both the boom in production, as well as the kind of ... More
5. Bollywood

5. Bollywood  

Ashish Rajadhyaksha

in Indian Cinema: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191789694
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198723097.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198723097
Indian cinema has historically assumed that its enormous local impact disqualifies it from imagining an audience beyond the domestic one. ‘Bollywood’ explains, however, that there has ... More
1. Hegel's times and life

1. Hegel's times and life  

Peter Singer

in Hegel: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2001
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775468
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192801975.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192801975
‘Hegel's times and life’ charts the life of Hegel and looks at the significance of the time in which he was born for the formation of his philosophical thought. He was born in 1770, at the ... More
5. Reform and revolution

5. Reform and revolution  

Geoffrey Hosking

in Russian History: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777769
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199580989.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199580989
‘Reform and revolution’ illustrates how defeat in the Crimean War clarified the need for the abolition of serfdom. Russian nationalism and the formation of the Union of Russian People in ... More
3. Censorship and politics in Hollywood noir

3. Censorship and politics in Hollywood noir  

James Naremore

in Film Noir: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2019
Published Online: 
Feb 2019
eISBN: 
9780191834035
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198791744.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198791744
During the period when American film noir was at its zenith, Hollywood’s self-appointed censorship agency, the Production Code Administration (PCA), exercised control over the movie ... More
3. ‘As if the king of each’16th and 17th centuries

3. ‘As if the king of each’: 16th and 17th centuries  

Martyn Rady

in The Habsburg Empire: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2017
Published Online: 
Mar 2017
eISBN: 
9780191834714
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198792963.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198792963
Charles V did not try to unite his disparate realms, but ruled instead through the separate governments of his individual lands and kingdoms. The preferred method of 16th-century Habsburg ... More
The History of Cinema: A Very Short Introduction

The History of Cinema: A Very Short Introduction  

Geoffrey Nowell-Smith

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2017
Published Online: 
Nov 2017
eISBN: 
9780191788963
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198701774.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198701774
Cinema was the first, and arguably the greatest, of the industrialized art forms that dominated the cultural life of the 20th century. It continues to adapt and grow as new technologies and ... More
2. Journalist

2. Journalist  

Terrell Carver

in Engels: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776021
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192804662.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192804662
‘Journalist’ introduces Engels' background and the formative experiences of his youth. Engels came from a family of well-to-do mill owners, and soon reacted against the philistinism of his ... More
3. Characterizing black holes

3. Characterizing black holes  

Katherine Blundell

in Black Holes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2015
Published Online: 
Dec 2015
eISBN: 
9780191781612
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199602667.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199602667
‘Characterizing black holes’ describes the two different types of black holes: Schwarzschild black holes that do not rotate and Kerr black holes that do. The only distinguishing ... More
3. The first casualty: journalists at war

3. The first casualty: journalists at war  

Ian Hargreaves

in Journalism: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2014
Published Online: 
Aug 2014
eISBN: 
9780191780042
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199686872.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199686872
It was in the ‘Balkan wars’ of the 1990s that the news media and the military started to understand the extent to which digital media were reshaping the craft of war reporting. Journalists ... More
2. Federalism

2. Federalism  

David J. Bodenhamer

in The U.S. Constitution: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2018
Published Online: 
Apr 2018
eISBN: 
9780190865689
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780195378320.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780195378320
Federalism, the division of power between state and central governments, was the most novel doctrine to emerge from the Constitutional Convention. ‘Federalism’ explains how it embraced a ... More

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