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9. Ice cores, abrupt climate shifts, and ecosystem change

9. Ice cores, abrupt climate shifts, and ecosystem change  

Jamie Woodward

in The Ice Age: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2014
Published Online: 
Jan 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779671
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199580699.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199580699
Willi Dansgaard made the landmark discovery that the oxygen isotope profile in ice cores provided a long-term record of changing air temperature in the Polar regions. Ice core records from ... More
1. What is climate?

1. What is climate?  

Mark Maslin

in Climate: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778254
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199641130.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199641130
The climate we live in controls where and when we get our food, what we wear, the houses we live in, and what diseases we might catch. ‘What is climate?’ shows how crucial climate is to ... More
10. Ultimate climate change

10. Ultimate climate change  

Mark Maslin

in Climate: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778254
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199641130.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199641130
We can look to the future using a solid understanding of how the climate of the Earth has varied in the past. In this way, predictions can be made. ‘Ultimate climate change’ predicts the ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Nick Middleton

in Deserts: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777462
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199564309.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199564309
There isn't just one type of desert; they can appear in all sorts of climates. Deserts carry with them images of romance, hardship, spirituality, and natural beauty. The Introduction ... More
5. Living landscapes

5. Living landscapes  

Andrew Goudie and Heather Viles

in Landscapes and Geomorphology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777479
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199565573.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199565573
How does the living landscape function? ‘Living landscapes’ investigates how plants and animals are influenced by geomorphy and how geomorphy is influenced by plants and animals. Landscapes ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Philip V. Mladenov

in Marine Biology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778407
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199695058.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199695058
We are now realising that the marine environment and the organisms that live there are critically important for our well-being and survival. The Introduction provides an overview of the ... More
8. Climate change and reefs

8. Climate change and reefs  

Charles Sheppard

in Coral Reefs: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2014
Published Online: 
Jun 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779978
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199682775.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199682775
Reefs are more affected by the damaging consequences of climate change than any other ecosystem. ‘Climate change and reefs’ illustrates how the impacts of climate change add on to, and ... More
4. Modelling future climate

4. Modelling future climate  

Mark Maslin

in Climate Change: A Very Short Introduction (3rd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2014
Published Online: 
Oct 2014
eISBN: 
9780191788376
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198719045.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198719045
‘Modelling future climate’ is about understanding the fundamental physical processes of the climate system. Modelling future climate considers the carbon cycle, cooling effects, carbon ... More
2. Pandemics and epidemics

2. Pandemics and epidemics  

Paul Slack

in Plague: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777998
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199589548.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199589548
‘Pandemics and epidemics’ looks at the way plague is described in the historical record and considers its possible causes. The model of the first three pandemics is one created by western ... More
5. Body and soul

5. Body and soul  

Kenneth Morgan

in Australia: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778001
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199589937.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199589937
Australia's climate, location, colonial past, and American cultural influences have affected its national leisure pursuits. ‘Body and soul’ looks at the importance of fitness, sport, beach ... More
1. Desert Climates

1. Desert Climates  

Nick Middleton

in Deserts: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2009
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777462
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199564309.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199564309
Aridity is a common feature of deserts but there are many different types of aridity. ‘Desert climates’ tackles the causes of aridity, the variety of climates that exist in deserts, and ... More
5. Tectonics and climate

5. Tectonics and climate  

Mark Maslin

in Climate: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778254
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199641130.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199641130
The modern climate system is influenced by millions years of plate tectonics, which have produced occurrences such as large amounts of ice at both Poles. ‘Tectonics and climate’ considers ... More
11. Humans and mammals: the past and the future

11. Humans and mammals: the past and the future  

T. S. Kemp

in Mammals: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191821172
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198766940.003.0011
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198766940
From the very start of the spread of humans, the world’s mammals have been irreversibly, and mostly detrimentally, affected through direct exploitation for food and for skins to make ... More
6. Climate surprises

6. Climate surprises  

Mark Maslin

in Climate Change: A Very Short Introduction (3rd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2014
Published Online: 
Oct 2014
eISBN: 
9780191788376
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198719045.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198719045
The assumption of a linear relationship between greenhouse gases and climate change may be wrong. ‘Climate surprises’ examines the possibility that there are thresholds—or tipping points—in ... More
7. Climate change in the mountains

7. Climate change in the mountains  

Martin F. Price

in Mountains: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2015
Published Online: 
Sep 2015
eISBN: 
9780191782466
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199695881.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199695881
‘Climate change in the mountains’ examines the evidence of climate change in mountains, the most compelling being the melting of glaciers and the upwards movement of plants on mountain ... More
7. The origin of modern ecosystems

7. The origin of modern ecosystems  

Michael J. Benton

in The History of Life: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2008
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777011
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199226320.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199226320
‘The origin of modern ecosystems’ is about the Mesozoic Era, the time from 251 to 65 million years ago, marked at each end by a mass extinction event, the end-Permian at the start, and the ... More
1. What is climate change?

1. What is climate change?  

Mark Maslin

in Climate Change: A Very Short Introduction (3rd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2014
Published Online: 
Oct 2014
eISBN: 
9780191788376
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198719045.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198719045
‘What is climate change?’ examines the role of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in moderating past global climate; why they have been rising since the industrial revolution; and why they are now ... More
3. Weather versus climate

3. Weather versus climate  

Mark Maslin

in Climate: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778254
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199641130.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199641130
What is the difference between weather and climate? Climate is generally defined as ‘the average weather’. ‘Weather versus climate’ looks at how scientists make predictions about weather ... More
8. Future climate change

8. Future climate change  

Mark Maslin

in Climate: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778254
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199641130.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199641130
One of the main challenges of the current century is predicting climate change. The concern isn't just scientific, it is economic, sociological, geopolitical, national and local, and ... More
9. Fixing climate change

9. Fixing climate change  

Mark Maslin

in Climate: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778254
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199641130.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199641130
Can we do anything to fix climate change? ‘Fixing climate change’ considers three ways we can help stabilize climate change: ‘mitigation’ or reduction of the amount of carbon we emit; ... More

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