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9. Ice cores, abrupt climate shifts, and ecosystem change

9. Ice cores, abrupt climate shifts, and ecosystem change  

Jamie Woodward

in The Ice Age: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2014
Published Online: 
Jan 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779671
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199580699.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199580699
Willi Dansgaard made the landmark discovery that the oxygen isotope profile in ice cores provided a long-term record of changing air temperature in the Polar regions. Ice core records from ... More
10. Ultimate climate change

10. Ultimate climate change  

Mark Maslin

in Climate: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2013
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778254
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199641130.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199641130
We can look to the future using a solid understanding of how the climate of the Earth has varied in the past. In this way, predictions can be made. ‘Ultimate climate change’ predicts the ... More
7. Climate change in the mountains

7. Climate change in the mountains  

Martin F. Price

in Mountains: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2015
Published Online: 
Sep 2015
eISBN: 
9780191782466
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199695881.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199695881
‘Climate change in the mountains’ examines the evidence of climate change in mountains, the most compelling being the melting of glaciers and the upwards movement of plants on mountain ... More
2. Pandemics and epidemics

2. Pandemics and epidemics  

Paul Slack

in Plague: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777998
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199589548.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199589548
‘Pandemics and epidemics’ looks at the way plague is described in the historical record and considers its possible causes. The model of the first three pandemics is one created by western ... More
1. Why do mountains matter?

1. Why do mountains matter?  

Martin F. Price

in Mountains: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2015
Published Online: 
Sep 2015
eISBN: 
9780191782466
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199695881.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199695881
‘Why do mountains matter?’ considers how places are defined as mountainous: the altitude must vary by at least 300 metres over a radius of 7 kilometres, meaning that mountains cover 24% of ... More
1. What is climate change?

1. What is climate change?  

Mark Maslin

in Climate Change: A Very Short Introduction (3rd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2014
Published Online: 
Oct 2014
eISBN: 
9780191788376
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198719045.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198719045
‘What is climate change?’ examines the role of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in moderating past global climate; why they have been rising since the industrial revolution; and why they are now ... More
1. Introduction

1. Introduction  

Warwick F. Vincent

in Lakes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2018
eISBN: 
9780191821035
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198766735.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198766735
What is a lake? At first glance, this seems like such an easy question: a lake is simply a body of water surrounded by land. But this sterile, physical definition is only a beginning, and ... More
Postscript: the future history of the garden

Postscript: the future history of the garden  

Gordon Campbell

in Garden History: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2019
Published Online: 
Feb 2019
eISBN: 
9780191783302
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689873.003.0010
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689873
Planting and garden design have never stood still, in part because fashions change, but also because of external factors. The most conspicuous fashion in recent decades has been the rise of ... More
Prologue

Prologue  

Jamie Woodward

in The Ice Age: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2014
Published Online: 
Jan 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779671
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199580699.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199580699
The ‘Prologue’ outlines the theme of this VSI: the remarkable environmental changes that have taken place during the Great Ice Age of the Quaternary Period. It explores the evolution of ... More
1. The Quaternary ice age

1. The Quaternary ice age  

Jamie Woodward

in The Ice Age: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2014
Published Online: 
Jan 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779671
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199580699.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199580699
‘The Quaternary ice age’ begins with the discovery of mammoth remains both in Siberia and in Quaternary deposits of temperate latitudes that helped establish an understanding of climate ... More
7. Glacials, interglacials, and celestial cycles

7. Glacials, interglacials, and celestial cycles  

Jamie Woodward

in The Ice Age: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2014
Published Online: 
Jan 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779671
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199580699.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199580699
In the early twentieth century, there was much debate about whether the ice age involved a single phase of ice sheet growth and freezing climate (the monoglacial theory) or several phases ... More
3. The age of heat – you can’t get something for nothing

3. The age of heat – you can’t get something for nothing  

David Blockley

in Engineering: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Mar 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777738
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199578696.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199578696
‘The age of heat — you can't get something for nothing’ explores the development of heat engines, from early steam engines up to modern methods of energy generation. Despite being easily ... More
2. A contested nature

2. A contested nature  

Christopher S. Browning

in International Security: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2013
Published Online: 
Oct 2013
eISBN: 
9780191779930
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199668533.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199668533
‘A contested nature’ suggests that one way of picking apart the elusive nature of security is to ask some questions of it, the most obvious being, ‘what is security?’ The UN distinguishes ... More
6. Exploiting and protecting the Antarctic

6. Exploiting and protecting the Antarctic  

Klaus Dodds

in The Antarctic: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778438
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199697687.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199697687
At the time of the Antarctic Treaty in 1959 not much attention was given to resource management and environmental protection of the region. ‘Exploiting and protecting the Antarctic’ looks ... More
Rivers: A Very Short Introduction

Rivers: A Very Short Introduction  

Nick Middleton

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777974
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588671.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199588671
Rivers: A Very Short Introduction describes the impact of rivers on land, human history, animals, plants, and in works of art. It explores the cultural resonances of rivers ... More
5. Tamed rivers

5. Tamed rivers  

Nick Middleton

in Rivers: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777974
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588671.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199588671
‘Tamed rivers’ are rivers that have been altered by humans, through such measures as irrigation, channelization, and dam construction. Alterations to land use and climate change also affect ... More
Introduction

Introduction  

Nick Jenkins

in Energy Systems: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2019
Published Online: 
Nov 2019
eISBN: 
9780191851643
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198813927.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198813927
The Introduction outlines the structure of this VSI, which starts with a review of basic ideas and well-established energy systems before moving on to consider how a future energy system ... More
Energy Systems: A Very Short Introduction

Energy Systems: A Very Short Introduction  

Nick Jenkins

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2019
Published Online: 
Nov 2019
eISBN: 
9780191851643
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198813927.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198813927
Energy Systems: A Very Short Introduction explores our historic exploitation of fossil energy resources and examines the role of renewable energy systems currently available. ... More
Scepticism: A Very Short Introduction

Scepticism: A Very Short Introduction  

Duncan Pritchard

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2019
Published Online: 
Sep 2019
eISBN: 
9780191867606
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198829164.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780198829164
Throughout history, scepticism and the urge to question accepted truths has been a powerful force for change and growth. A healthy amount of scepticism is widely encouraged, but when is ... More
7. Lakes and us

7. Lakes and us  

Warwick F. Vincent

in Lakes: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2018
Published Online: 
Jan 2018
eISBN: 
9780191821035
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198766735.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198766735
Humans are not only part of the lake ecosystem through activities including lake shore development and transportation of goods and people, but we can also do great damage to a lake and its ... More

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