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5. Working with offenders

5. Working with offenders  

David Canter

in Forensic Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2010
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777332
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199550203.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199550203
‘Working with offenders’ looks at the settings where forensic psychologists work with convicted offenders and the types of assessment, risk management, and therapies that they carry out. ... More
3. Intellectual functioning in schizophrenia

3. Intellectual functioning in schizophrenia  

Christopher Frith and Eve Johnstone

in Schizophrenia: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2003
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775529
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192802217.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192802217
‘Intellectual functioning in schizophrenia’ discusses the fact that people with a diagnosis of schizophrenia perform less well on IQ tests than they did prior to the onset of their illness. ... More
11. Treatment

11. Treatment  

Daniel Freeman and Jason Freeman

in Anxiety: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777486
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199567157.003.0011
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199567157
‘Treatments’ considers the treatments available for anxiety disorders. The two types of treatment are psychological therapy — principally cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) and medication. ... More
1. What is psychotherapy and who is it for?

1. What is psychotherapy and who is it for?  

Tom Burns and Eva Burns‐Lundgren

in Psychotherapy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2015
Published Online: 
Jan 2015
eISBN: 
9780191781599
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689361.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689361
Psychotherapy involves using an agreed relationship between a trained practitioner and a patient to obtain relief from emotional suffering. Most Western psychotherapies are based on talking ... More
2. The social mind

2. The social mind  

Richard J. Crisp

in Social Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2015
Published Online: 
Aug 2015
eISBN: 
9780191783319
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198715511.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198715511
Social cognition is how we encode, analyse, store, and use information about the people we meet and the relationships that define us. ‘The social mind’ considers the theories that have been ... More
6. Cognitive behaviour therapy

6. Cognitive behaviour therapy  

Tom Burns and Eva Burns‐Lundgren

in Psychotherapy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2015
Published Online: 
Jan 2015
eISBN: 
9780191781599
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689361.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689361
Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) brings together the strengths of behaviour therapy and cognitive therapy. ‘Cognitive behaviour therapy’ identifies three layers of thinking in CBT theory: ... More
1. Clinical psychologists at work

1. Clinical psychologists at work  

Susan Llewelyn and Katie Aafjes-van Doorn

in Clinical Psychology: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Apr 2017
Published Online: 
Apr 2017
eISBN: 
9780191815690
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198753896.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198753896
Clinical psychologists aim to offer psychological help to those who are unhappy or struggling with certain aspects of their lives, or those who are ill, especially when their mental health ... More
6. Helping the helper

6. Helping the helper  

Michael Dunn and Tony Hope

in Medical Ethics: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Nov 2018
Published Online: 
Nov 2018
eISBN: 
9780191853173
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198815600.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198815600
‘Helping the helper’ shows how ethics support can be introduced to shape ethical understanding and good healthcare practice using an example from a care home setting where everyday care is ... More
3. Music as language

3. Music as language  

Elizabeth Hellmuth Margulis

in The Psychology of Music: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2018
Published Online: 
Nov 2018
eISBN: 
9780190640163
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190640156.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190640156
Music can feel like it is communicating powerfully. “Music as language” considers whether music is actually a kind of language and, if so, what it means and how it conveys these meanings. ... More
2. Theories of anxiety

2. Theories of anxiety  

Daniel Freeman and Jason Freeman

in Anxiety: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777486
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199567157.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199567157
‘Theories of anxiety’ looks at four key perspectives on anxiety. Firstly, Freud's views on psychoanalysis. Behavioural theories were led by John Broadus Watson's experiments on behaviourism ... More
6. Settlement and society

6. Settlement and society  

Paul Bahn

in Archaeology: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191778315
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199657438.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199657438
An important aspect of archaeology is determining where people lived, or what kind of settlement they lived in. Finding this out helps archaeologists to address the more complex questions ... More
4. Time-limited psychotherapy

4. Time-limited psychotherapy  

Tom Burns and Eva Burns‐Lundgren

in Psychotherapy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2015
Published Online: 
Jan 2015
eISBN: 
9780191781599
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199689361.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199689361
For many therapists and patients, short-term therapies are now the treatments of choice. ‘Time-limited psychotherapy’ describes three time-limited psychotherapies that have emerged with ... More
3. Formal operational thought, moral development, and identity

3. Formal operational thought, moral development, and identity  

Peter K. Smith

in Adolescence: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2016
Published Online: 
May 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785245
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199665563.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199665563
Cognitive development occurs throughout childhood, and it is marked by advances in perceptual abilities, short- and long-term memory, ability to focus attention selectively, and reasoning ... More
4. Models of depression

4. Models of depression  

Mary Jane Tacchi and Jan Scott

in Depression: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2017
Published Online: 
Jan 2017
eISBN: 
9780191785788
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199558650.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199558650
Epidemiological studies of depression give important insights into populations at higher risk of depression, but not everyone in certain high-risk circumstances will develop a clinical ... More
1. A recent field

1. A recent field  

Richard Passingham

in Cognitive Neuroscience: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191828607
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198786221.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198786221
The field of cognitive neuroscience was born in the late 1970s, but was transformed over the next two decades with the development of techniques such as positron emission tomography and ... More
1. Introduction and history

1. Introduction and history  

Jonathan St B. T. Evans

in Thinking and Reasoning: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191829321
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198787259.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198787259
Thinking is the essence of what it means to be human and defines us more than anything else as a species. The remarkable success of humans, far ahead of all other animals, is based on our ... More
6. Are we rational?

6. Are we rational?  

Jonathan St B. T. Evans

in Thinking and Reasoning: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191829321
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198787259.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198787259
Human thinking and reasoning can be compared with a ‘normative’ standard—a formal theory of right and wrong answers. The normative theories mostly applied are decision theory, probability ... More
7. From dual processes to two minds

7. From dual processes to two minds  

Jonathan St B. T. Evans

in Thinking and Reasoning: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2017
Published Online: 
Sep 2017
eISBN: 
9780191829321
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198787259.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198787259
There has been a large amount of attention to dual processing in psychology, but with many different theories and much variation in terminology. ‘From dual processes to two minds’ reviews ... More
4. Is synaesthesia a ‘gift’ or a ‘condition’?

4. Is synaesthesia a ‘gift’ or a ‘condition’?  

Julia Simner

in Synaesthesia: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jun 2019
Published Online: 
Jun 2019
eISBN: 
9780191813405
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198749219.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198749219
Is there a consequence to having synaesthesia, even beyond the obvious difference of experiencing merged sensations? Do synaesthetes also have qualities that make them different to ... More
5. Why do we do what we do? Motivation and emotion

5. Why do we do what we do? Motivation and emotion  

Gillian Butler and McManus Freda

in Psychology: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2014
Published Online: 
Jan 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779831
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199670420.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199670420
Feelings provide an impetus to action. Motivations determine the goals towards which we strive and emotions reflect the feelings we have along the way. ‘Why do we do what we do? Motivation ... More

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