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3. What stays in the mind? Learning and memory

3. What stays in the mind? Learning and memory  

Gillian Butler and McManus Freda

in Psychology: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2014
Published Online: 
Jan 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779831
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199670420.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199670420
What is memory? Psychologists' discoveries about learning and memory demonstrate that what is stored in the mind cannot be adequately understood using the analogy of a repository. ‘What ... More
2. Theories of anxiety

2. Theories of anxiety  

Daniel Freeman and Jason Freeman

in Anxiety: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777486
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199567157.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199567157
‘Theories of anxiety’ looks at four key perspectives on anxiety. Firstly, Freud's views on psychoanalysis. Behavioural theories were led by John Broadus Watson's experiments on behaviourism ... More
Final thoughts

Final thoughts  

Owen Davies

in Magic: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jan 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777929
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199588022.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199588022
Magic does not live in the past — magic is alive and well today, all over the world. Magic has a range of meanings and has still has relevance. Magic is a language, a belief, an action, ... More
1. Management and managing

1. Management and managing  

John Hendry

in Management: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2013
Published Online: 
Oct 2013
eISBN: 
9780191779947
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199656981.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199656981
‘Management and managing’ argues that the practice of management is not just about controlling things, but also about coping with things that are out of control — or out of the manager's ... More
3. The surprising thing about learning

3. The surprising thing about learning  

Mark Haselgrove

in Learning: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785412
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688364.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688364
‘The surprising thing about learning’ considers the second key question about learning: what is the nature of the mechanism that allows learning to take place? It first looks at the ... More
Learning: A Very Short Introduction

Learning: A Very Short Introduction  

Mark Haselgrove

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785412
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688364.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199688364
What is learning? How does it take place? What happens when it goes wrong? The topic of learning has been central to the development of the science of psychology since its inception. ... More
2. What is learned during learning?

2. What is learned during learning?  

Mark Haselgrove

in Learning: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785412
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688364.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688364
Throughout the study of learning, psychologists have concerned themselves with two key questions. ‘What is learned during learning?’ considers the first. It introduces the content of ... More
6. Learning from others

6. Learning from others  

Mark Haselgrove

in Learning: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785412
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688364.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688364
Many species, including humans, are quite sociable and live in groups so it is important to incorporate into our understanding of learning how social learning takes place and what sorts of ... More
2. Reason and rationality

2. Reason and rationality  

Michael Allingham

in Choice Theory: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Aug 2002
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191775710
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192803030.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192803030
‘Reason and rationality’ outlines the difference between a reasonable choice and a rational choice. The terms contraction condition, expansion condition, pairwise choice, preference ... More
Anxiety: A Very Short Introduction

Anxiety: A Very Short Introduction  

Daniel Freeman and Jason Freeman

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777486
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199567157.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780199567157
Anxiety: A Very Short Introduction explains what anxiety is, why it is a normal and vital part of our emotional life, and the factors that cause it. Are we born with fears or ... More
9. Obsessive-compulsive disorder

9. Obsessive-compulsive disorder  

Daniel Freeman and Jason Freeman

in Anxiety: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777486
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199567157.003.0009
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199567157
Obsessions in obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) are upsetting and unwanted thoughts, images, and impulses that constantly recur. So distressing are they that people with OCD use a variety ... More
5. Phobias

5. Phobias  

Daniel Freeman and Jason Freeman

in Anxiety: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2012
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191777486
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199567157.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199567157
‘phobias’ opens with a precise definition as defined by the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) to distinguish phobias from fear. ... More
4. Learning about space and time

4. Learning about space and time  

Mark Haselgrove

in Learning: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785412
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688364.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688364
‘Learning about space and time’ describes how organisms learn about when things are going to happen (timing) and where things are (spatial learning). Some psychologists have tried to ... More
5. When learning goes wrong

5. When learning goes wrong  

Mark Haselgrove

in Learning: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785412
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688364.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688364
Learning can be very adaptive, but sometimes, for some reason, it goes wrong. First, the properties of learning can go awry, so that inappropriate associations develop. Alternatively, ... More
1. What is learning?

1. What is learning?  

Mark Haselgrove

in Learning: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Jul 2016
Published Online: 
Jul 2016
eISBN: 
9780191785412
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199688364.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199688364
Learning is a phenomenon that can be observed across the animal kingdom. ‘What is learning?’ considers the properties and principles of a number of different types of learning across a ... More
4. Learning and animal culture

4. Learning and animal culture  

Tristram D. Wyatt

in Animal Behaviour: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Feb 2017
Published Online: 
Feb 2017
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198712152.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
Learning is an animal’s capacity to change behaviour, as the result of individual experience, so that it is better adapted to the animal’s physical and social environments. Learning helps ... More
7. The appetite for music

7. The appetite for music  

Elizabeth Hellmuth Margulis

in The Psychology of Music: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2018
Published Online: 
Nov 2018
eISBN: 
9780190640163
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190640156.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190640156
Music can seem captivating and integral to our lives, yet these affective dimensions are precisely the ones for which understanding remains most elusive. It is relatively straightforward to ... More

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