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7. Checking

7. Checking  

Richard Passingham

in Cognitive Neuroscience: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191828607
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198786221.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198786221
Having made a decision, we need to check that we carry it out as intended. In other words we need to monitor our own behaviour. ‘Checking’ considers the following questions: How does being ... More
6. Deciding

6. Deciding  

Richard Passingham

in Cognitive Neuroscience: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191828607
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198786221.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198786221
Why do we sometimes make absent-minded mistakes? Why do we choose immediate rewards rather than longer-term rewards that are larger? What is the basis for moral reasoning? While considering ... More
4. From the Big Bang to the big brain

4. From the Big Bang to the big brain  

Michael O’Shea

in The Brain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776496
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853929.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853929
‘From the Big Bang to the big brain’ charts the evolutionary history of the nervous system. The ability to sense and act on environmental stimuli exists even in single celled organisms. ... More
7. Seeing and the brain

7. Seeing and the brain  

Michael Land

in The Eye: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2014
Published Online: 
May 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779961
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199680306.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199680306
About 27 per cent of the human brain cortex is predominantly visual in function, but there are many other areas that are involved less exclusively in visual processing. ‘Seeing and the ... More
3. Explaining impulsivity and failure to behave prosocially

3. Explaining impulsivity and failure to behave prosocially  

Essi Viding

in Psychopathy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2019
Published Online: 
Oct 2019
eISBN: 
9780191840685
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198802266.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198802266
Lack of empathy for distress helps explain why psychopaths have no difficulty in engaging in premeditated hurtful and antisocial behaviour. But it does not fully explain the behavioural ... More
7. The appetite for music

7. The appetite for music  

Elizabeth Hellmuth Margulis

in The Psychology of Music: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2018
Published Online: 
Nov 2018
eISBN: 
9780190640163
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190640156.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190640156
Music can seem captivating and integral to our lives, yet these affective dimensions are precisely the ones for which understanding remains most elusive. It is relatively straightforward to ... More
2. The biological origins of music

2. The biological origins of music  

Elizabeth Hellmuth Margulis

in The Psychology of Music: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2018
Published Online: 
Nov 2018
eISBN: 
9780190640163
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190640156.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190640156
Vocal and instrumental music exists in all known human cultures. The age and ubiquity of music seem to argue that its origins are biological. But the diversity of musical practices around ... More
6. Conscious will

6. Conscious will  

Susan Blackmore

in Consciousness: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2017
Published Online: 
Oct 2017
eISBN: 
9780191836206
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198794738.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198794738
Do we have free will? ‘Conscious will’ considers this question and shows that the issue raises strong feelings because freedom implies responsibility. Part of the problem lies with ... More
5. Sensing, perceiving, and acting

5. Sensing, perceiving, and acting  

Michael O’Shea

in The Brain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776496
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853929.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853929
‘Sensing, perceiving, and acting’ investigates how the brain processes and acts upon sensory information. Visual information is sensed by retinal cells before travelling down the optic ... More
4. The moving eye

4. The moving eye  

Michael Land

in The Eye: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
May 2014
Published Online: 
May 2014
eISBN: 
9780191779961
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780199680306.003.0004
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780199680306
Why does our eye movement system not allow gaze to move continuously? ‘The moving eye’ describes how information is taken in during fixations and how saccades move the eyes as fast as ... More
8. The physiology and anatomy of the visual system

8. The physiology and anatomy of the visual system  

Brian Rogers

in Perception: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2017
Published Online: 
Oct 2017
eISBN: 
9780191833410
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198791003.003.0008
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198791003
‘The physiology and anatomy of the visual system’ describes what we have learned from neurophysiology and anatomy over the past eighty years and what this tells us about the meaning of the ... More
1. A recent field

1. A recent field  

Richard Passingham

in Cognitive Neuroscience: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191828607
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198786221.003.0001
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198786221
The field of cognitive neuroscience was born in the late 1970s, but was transformed over the next two decades with the development of techniques such as positron emission tomography and ... More
3. Attending

3. Attending  

Richard Passingham

in Cognitive Neuroscience: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191828607
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198786221.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198786221
‘Attending’ considers the following questions: Why do some patients neglect things to their left after a stroke? Why does attending to something else decrease the feeling of pain? Why is it ... More
2. Perceiving

2. Perceiving  

Richard Passingham

in Cognitive Neuroscience: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2016
Published Online: 
Sep 2016
eISBN: 
9780191828607
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198786221.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198786221
Do you need to recognize an object to know how to handle it? Why do some amputees continue to feel their arm even though it is absent? Why do some people see colours when they read or hear ... More
2. Explaining the lack of empathy

2. Explaining the lack of empathy  

Essi Viding

in Psychopathy: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Oct 2019
Published Online: 
Oct 2019
eISBN: 
9780191840685
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198802266.003.0002
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198802266
A marked lack of empathy is one of the hallmarks of psychopathy. Psychopaths do not have the same capacity for human feeling as the rest of us; they do not appear moved by the things that ... More
3. Time and space

3. Time and space  

Susan Blackmore

in Consciousness: A Very Short Introduction (2nd edn)

Print Publication Year: 
Sep 2017
Published Online: 
Oct 2017
eISBN: 
9780191836206
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780198794738.003.0003
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780198794738
‘Time and space’ discusses a range of experiments and theories of consciousness including neuroscientist Benjamin Libet’s ‘half second lag’ and the ‘cutaneous rabbit’ illusion, dualism, ... More
5. The psychology of music performance

5. The psychology of music performance  

Elizabeth Hellmuth Margulis

in The Psychology of Music: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2018
Published Online: 
Nov 2018
eISBN: 
9780190640163
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780190640156.003.0005
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780190640156
Performers occupy a special role within contemporary Western musical culture. Since two individuals can produce markedly different responses by playing the same notes, it is clear that ... More
7. Broken brain: invention and intervention

7. Broken brain: invention and intervention  

Michael O’Shea

in The Brain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776496
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853929.003.0007
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853929
‘Broken brain’ explains the convergence of neuroscience and the physical sciences in the twenty-first century and beyond. The brain does not work like a normal computer, and there is ... More
6. Memories are made of this

6. Memories are made of this  

Michael O’Shea

in The Brain: A Very Short Introduction

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776496
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853929.003.0006
Item type: 
chapter
ISBN: 
9780192853929
‘Memories are made of this’ compares different types of memory. There are distinct systems for short term and long term memory. Short term memory is transient. Long term memory, on the ... More
The Brain: A Very Short Introduction

The Brain: A Very Short Introduction  

Michael O'Shea

Print Publication Year: 
Dec 2005
Published Online: 
Sep 2013
eISBN: 
9780191776496
DOI: 
10.1093/actrade/9780192853929.001.0001
Item type: 
book
ISBN: 
9780192853929
How does the brain work? The Brain, A Very Short Introduction provides a non-technical introduction to the main issues and findings in current brain research, and gives a sense of how ... More

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